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28
votes
2answers
626 views

Difference of j-invariant values and the abc conjecture

I learned of the following example in a recent seminar: if $j(\tau)$ denotes the usual $j$-invariant, and $\alpha = (-1+i\sqrt{163})/2$, then \begin{align*} \frac{j(i)}{1728} &= 1 \\ ...
9
votes
3answers
735 views

Reference request for $(1,2^n-1,2^n)$ example related to abc-conjecture

The $abc$-conjecture states that if $a,b,c$ are positive, relatively prime integers satisfying $a+b=c$, then the product of the primes dividing $abc$ (the radical of $abc$) is $\gg_\varepsilon ...
9
votes
3answers
698 views

Why is the gcd so large in an identity related to the $abc$ conjecture?

Consider the identity $$ (x+z)^5+(y-z)^5 = (-3 x + 4 y)^2 (x + y)^3 + (x+y) f(x,y,z) $$ Where $f(x,y,z)=(-8*x^4 + 5*x^3*y + 24*x^2*y^2 - 9*x*y^3 - 15*y^4 + 5*x^3*z - 5*x^2*y*z + 5*x*y^2*z - 5*y^3*z + ...
9
votes
0answers
2k views

Model-theoretic content of Mochizuki's Teichmüller theory papers

I would like to ask what the specific novel model-theoretic (or set-theoretic) techniques, if any, are that Mochizuki uses in his recent series of four papers. Section 3 of Inter-universal Teichmüller ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Implications of the abc conjecture in Arakelov theory

It is apparent that the abc conjecture is deeply related to Arakelov theory. In one direction, it is shown in S. Lang, "Introduction to Arakelov Theory", that a certain height inequality in Arakelov ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Forbidden polynomial identities by the abc conjecture

The Mason–Stothers theorem states Let $a(t), b(t)$, and $c(t)$ be relatively prime polynomials such that $a + b = c$, with coefficients that are either real numbers or complex numbers. Then ...
4
votes
0answers
303 views

Estimate on radical of $2^n \pm 1$

Not sure if this belongs to MO or not. Are there any lower bound on radical of $2^n \pm 1$ (Recall that radical of integer $rad(k)$ is a product of primes which divide integer $k$)? As an example If ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Is there a generalization of Granville-Langevin conjecture for number fields?

According to Wikipedia and other sources the Granville-Langevin conjecture states: If $f$ is a square-free binary form of degree $n > 2$, then for every real $\beta > 2$ there is a constant ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

OPN, Nagell-Ljunggren equation and ABC conjecture

Following my answer to Algebraic Attacks on the Odd Perfect Number Problem, I would like to know whether the argument of quid, namely that if a hypothetic odd perfect number $n$ is such that ...
-9
votes
0answers
151 views

Fermat and the abc conjecture [closed]

There exist finitely many triples of coprime $a+b=c$ such that $$|\frac{b}{c}|^n+|\frac{a}{b}|^n=b^n-a^n$$ where $n>2$ and $b^n-a^n=\mathfrak{Prime}.$ We know that it maybe true in this version ...