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7
votes
1answer
580 views

Gromov-Witten invariants counting curves passing through two points

Let us say that a closed symplectic manifold $X$ is $GW_g$-connected if there is a nonvanishing Gromov-Witten invariant of the form $GW_{g,n}^{X,A}(\beta,point, point,\alpha_3,\ldots,\alpha_n)$ --in ...
11
votes
1answer
955 views

Proofs of Rohlin's theorem (an oriented 4-manifold with zero signature bounds a 5-manifold)

A celebrated theorem of Rohlin states the following An oriented closed 4-manifold $M^4$ bounds an oriented 5-manifold if and only if the signature of $M^4$ is zero. Simple homological arguments ...
2
votes
2answers
357 views

Reference for the proof of this statement?

Can anyone give me the reference for this statement?: Let $M$ be a closed oriented smooth 4-manifold. Any element $a\in H_2(M)$ can be represented by a smoothly embedded, oriented surface. I found ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Can all n-manifolds be obtained by gluing finitely many blocks?

Fix a dimension $n\geqslant 2$. Let $S= \{M_1,\ldots, M_k\}$ be a finite set of smooth compact $n$-manifold with boundary. Let us say that a smooth closed $n$-manifold is generated by $S$ if it may ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Slice knots and exotic $\mathbb R^4$

In the http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0606464v1 I read "If you want to prove existence of exotic smooth structure on $\mathbb R^4$ you can do this if you are in possession of a knot which is ...
3
votes
4answers
424 views

Compactify S^2\times S^2-\Delta

Let $\Delta\subset S^2\times S^2$ be the diagonal. Then $S^2\times S^2\setminus \Delta$ is an open four dimensional manifold. By a compactification of it, I mean a closed four dimensional manifold $X$ ...
12
votes
1answer
354 views

Does a compact negatively curved manfiold of dimension 4 admit a cover of finite degree?

A $3$-dimensional compact manifold of negative sectional curvature admits (by geometrisation?) a metric of curvature $-1$, and so its fundamental group has subgroups of finite index. I wonder if an ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

How expensive is knowledge? Knots, Links, 3 and 4-manifold algorithms. [closed]

With geometrization, Rubinstein's 3-sphere recognition algorithm and the Manning algorithm, 3-manifold theory has reached a certain maturity where many questions are "readily" answerable about ...
9
votes
3answers
630 views

Alexander polynomial or Reidemeister torsion for knotted surfaces?

An important invariant of a knot in $S^3$ is its Alexander polynomial, related also to Reidemeister torsion. Is there something like that for knotted surfaces in $S^4$? If not, what are the ...
57
votes
8answers
5k views

Theoretical physics: Why not just R^4?

You and I are having a conversation: "Okay," I say,"I think I get it. The gauge groups we know and love arise naturally as symmetries of state spaces of particles." "Something like that" "...And ...
5
votes
3answers
327 views

PD3 groups and PD4 complexes

I am interested at the moment in what groups can occur as the fundamental group of a 4-manifold (or more generally, a 4-dimensional CW complex) with prescribed conditions on the intersection form. I ...
13
votes
2answers
920 views

topological “milnor's conjecture” on torus knots.

Here's a question that has come up in a couple of talks that I have given recently. The 'classical' way to show that there is a knot $K$ that is locally-flat slice in the 4-ball but not smoothly ...
6
votes
2answers
542 views

slice=ribbon generalization to higher genus + potential counterexamples to slice=ribbon.

I have two questions about the slice=ribbon conjecture. (1) If a knot $K \hookrightarrow S^3$ has smooth slice genus $g$, you can ask if it bounds a smooth genus $g$ surface in $S^3 \times [0, ...
4
votes
4answers
565 views

4-genus of a 2-bridge link

How can we calculate the 4-genus of a link L? The 4-genus is defined to be the minimal genus of orientable surface bounded by L in B^4. Is there any routine method to calculate that? Especially, any ...
0
votes
1answer
241 views

If the 4-genus of a link is zero, is it a slice link?

An n-component slice link is a link that bounds n disjoint discs in B^4. And the 4-genus of a link is defined to be the minimal genus of orientable surfaces bounded by it in B^4. My question is: if ...
18
votes
0answers
654 views

Almost complex 4-manifolds with a “holomorphic” vector field

Main question. What is the class of smooth orientable 4-dimensional manifolds that admit an almost complex structure $J$ and a vector field v, that preserves $J$? The following sub question is ...
20
votes
3answers
1k views

What manifolds are bounded by RP^odd?

Real projective spaces ℝPn have ℤ/2 cohomology rings ℤ/2[x]/(xn+1) and total Stiefel-Whitney class (1+x)n+1 which is 1 when n is odd, so it follows that odd dimensional ones are boundaries of compact ...
25
votes
3answers
1k views

Embeddings of $S^2$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$

Suppose we are given an embedding of $S^2$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ with self-intersection 1. Is there a diffeomorphism of $\mathbb{CP}^2$ which takes the given sphere to a complex line? Note: I suspect ...
6
votes
2answers
753 views

A problem/conjecture related to 4-manifolds that deserves a name. What name does it deserve?

There's an old problem in 4-manifold theory that, as far as I know, doesn't have a name associated with it and really deserves a name. Let $M$ be a smooth 4-manifold with boundary. Let $S$ be a ...