# Tagged Questions

**3**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### 0-homologous surface bounds

Given a map $f : S \to M^4$ from a compact closed not necessarily connected oriented surface to a compact oriented 4-manifold, such that $f_*([S])$ is zero in $H_2(M)$, is there a compact oriented ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

155 views

### Fox re-imbedding theorem in dimension four

Fox re-imbedding theorem states the following:
A compact 3-manifold $M$ with boundary that embeds in the three-sphere $S^3$, can be re-imbedded in $S^3$ so that its complement is a union of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

226 views

### Knotted projective planes and fake complex projective space

Paul Melvin gave a talk at Knots in Washington last year in which he asked whether the connected sum of an odd twist-spin of a classical knot and a standard cross-cap embedding of ${\mathbb R}P^2$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### K3 surface minus finite set

Let $S$ be a complex K3 surface, and $P\subset S$ a finite set of points in $S$. It is known that
$$
H^i(S,\mathbb{Z})\cong H^i(S\setminus P,\mathbb{Z})
$$
for $0\le i \le 2$. Then the Euler ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

234 views

### Casson invariant and signature

In W. Neumann, J. Wahl, "Casson invariant of links of singularities",
Comment. Math. Helv.,1990, Vol. 65, Issue 1, pp 58-78 some connection between the Casson invariant and the signature is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Gluck twist on four-manifolds

I have a basic question which I am not able to figure out. If we do a Gluck twist on a nullhomologous 2-sphere in a 4-manifold, it is said that it does not change its intersection form. But as far as ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Boundaries of smooth manifolds

If one has a smooth simply connected manifold $M^n$ which we know to bound an $n+1$ dimensional manifold $N$, what can be said about a handle decomposition for one in terms of a handle decomposition ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

803 views

### open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds

What are some of the open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds.I tried googling but couldn't any. I tried googling it, but couldn't find any resources.The places where I can a survey or ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### What is the state of the art in 4-manfold 2-types?

In an old answer to an old question of mine, Peter Teichner commented that it is an open problem to determine which homotopy 2-types arise from 4-manifolds. In some instances we know that a 4-manifold ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

294 views

### Almost parallelizable 4-manifolds

On the first page of Milnor-Kervaire's paper "Bernoulli numbers, homotopy groups, and a theorem of Rohlin", they assert without proof or reference that if $M$ is a compact connected oriented ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

240 views

### Visualising locally flat embeddings of surfaces in R^4

As far as I understand it follows from the work of M. Freedman that there exist locally flat embeddings of two dimensional surfaces in $\mathbb R^4$ that can not be smoothed in the class of locally ...

**17**

votes

**0**answers

507 views

### Which manifolds decompose into pants?

In this nice paper Mikhalkin uses certain (more geometrical than algebraic) aspects of tropical geometry to prove that every complex projective hypersurface in $\mathbb C \mathbb P ^n$ decomposes as a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

418 views

### Relation of SW and Donaldson Invariant

My question is:
I am request for the reference that Is there any relationship between the Seiberg-Witten Invariant and Donaldson's Invariant? Or the relationship between Seiberg-Witten Moduli Space ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

463 views

### Problem:Gromov-Witten;Moduli space

Let us consider a map from a $\Sigma_g \longrightarrow N$, where $N$ is a symplectic manifold.
Then we define the moduli space as
$M= \{ f | f \mbox{ is a pseudoholomorphic map } \Sigma_g \to N, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

454 views

### Intersection forms of 4-manifolds with boundary

Let $X$ be any simply connected smooth 4-manifold with a fixed Euler characteristic $e$, signature $\sigma$ and boundary $Y$. Assume that the determinant of the intersection form $Q_{X}$ is equal to a ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### Shortest Casson tower containing a slice disk for the attaching curve

A Casson tower is obtained as follows: Start with a properly immersed disk in $\mathbb{B}^4$ - a regular neighborhood of such a disk is called a kinky handle. The boundary of the core disk ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

510 views

### Homeomorphism classification of 4-manifolds

Question 1. Let $X_i$ be an infinite family of closed, orientable, smooth 4-manifolds with the following properties:
a) $\pi_1(X_i) = \mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z_{2}}$ for any $i = 1, 2, \cdots $
b) ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Surgering locally flat tori in 4-manifolds

Is there a locally flat torus in some not smoothable topological 4-manifold such that surgering on it produces a smoothable 4-manifold? Surgering means removing a tubular neighborhood and reattaching ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Handlebody decomposition of an open 4-manifold

Let $M$ be the fake $CP^2$ (namely the closed topological 4-manifold which is homotopy equivalent but not homeomorphic to the complex projective plan). It is well-known that $M$ admits no smooth ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

351 views

### Complexity of surfaces bounding knots in 4-ball and 3-sphere respectively

I'm interested in a complexity question related to problems like the slice-ribbon problem.
To be specific, if $K \subset S^3$ is a knot, it might be non-trivial yet still bound a smoothly-embedded ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

447 views

### Existing proofs of Rokhlin's theorem for PL manifolds

I'm looking for a comprehensive reference to existing proofs of Rokhlin's theorem that a 4-dimensional closed spin PL manifold has signature divisible by 16.
I'm specifically interested in direct ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

987 views

### Is there a smooth $4$-manifold homeomorphic but not diffemorphic to $CP^2$? [closed]

Is there a smooth $4$-manifold homeomorphic but not diffemorphic to $CP^2$? Are there known non-smooth examples homeomorphic $CP^2$?

**10**

votes

**1**answer

571 views

### Where are $+$, $-$ and $\infty$ in bordered Heegaard-Floer theory?

Here goes my first MO-question. I've just read Lipshitz, OzsvÃ¡th and Thurston's recently updated "A tour of bordered Floer theory". To set the stage let me give two quotes from this paper.
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

384 views

### Embedding the product of three circles in the 4-sphere.

Let $M$ be a smooth submanifold of the 4-sphere $S^4$. I'm going to demand that $M$ be diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times S^1 \times S^1$. By Jordan-Brouwer separation, $M$ separates the 4-sphere into ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### Explicit embeddings of Cappell-Shaneson knots

In 1976 Cappell and Shaneson gave some examples of knots in homotopy 4-spheres and for some time these examples were considered as possible counter-examples to the smooth 4-dimensional Poincare ...

**25**

votes

**0**answers

895 views

### What is the three-dimensional hyperbolic volume of a four-manifold?

Every smooth closed orientable 4-manifold may be constructed via a handle decomposition. Before asking a couple of questions, I recall some well-known facts about handle-decompositions of 4-manifolds.
...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

521 views

### First appearance of Novikov's additivity theorem

Hi!
Novikov's additivity theorem states that if you glue together two compact oriented 4n-manifolds along a connected component of their boundaries, the signature of the resulting manifold is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### 3-handle cancellation of 4-dimensional handlebody.

Let $X^4$ be the 4-dimensional handlebody with $\partial X=S^3$ and $\pi_i(X)=\pi_i(B^4)$.
Is it true that we can always change $X^4$ with handlebody without 3-handle?
(I'm concerning about the ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Can you flip the end of a large exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$

Can you flip the end of a large exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$
Background
Definition (Exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$):
An exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$ is a smooth manifold $R$ homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic to ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

790 views

### What's the Kirby Diagram of a universal $\mathbb{R}^4$?

What's the Kirby diagram of a universal $\mathbb{R}^4$?
Background
Define $\mathcal{R}$ as the set of smoothings of $\mathbb{R}^4$. For two oriented elements $R_1$, $R_2$ in $\mathcal{R}$ we can ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

954 views

### Proofs of Rohlin's theorem (an oriented 4-manifold with zero signature bounds a 5-manifold)

A celebrated theorem of Rohlin states the following
An oriented closed 4-manifold $M^4$ bounds an oriented 5-manifold if and only if the signature of $M^4$ is zero.
Simple homological arguments ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Can all n-manifolds be obtained by gluing finitely many blocks?

Fix a dimension $n\geqslant 2$. Let $S= \{M_1,\ldots, M_k\}$ be a finite set of smooth compact $n$-manifold with boundary. Let us say that a smooth closed $n$-manifold is generated by $S$ if it may ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

920 views

### topological “milnor's conjecture” on torus knots.

Here's a question that has come up in a couple of talks that I have given recently.
The 'classical' way to show that there is a knot $K$ that is locally-flat slice in the 4-ball but not smoothly ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

542 views

### slice=ribbon generalization to higher genus + potential counterexamples to slice=ribbon.

I have two questions about the slice=ribbon conjecture.
(1) If a knot $K \hookrightarrow S^3$ has smooth slice genus $g$, you can ask if it bounds a smooth genus $g$ surface in $S^3 \times [0, ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

564 views

### 4-genus of a 2-bridge link

How can we calculate the 4-genus of a link L? The 4-genus is defined to be the minimal genus of orientable surface bounded by L in B^4. Is there any routine method to calculate that?
Especially, any ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### If the 4-genus of a link is zero, is it a slice link?

An n-component slice link is a link that bounds n disjoint discs in B^4. And the 4-genus of a link is defined to be the minimal genus of orientable surfaces bounded by it in B^4.
My question is: if ...

**18**

votes

**0**answers

654 views

### Almost complex 4-manifolds with a “holomorphic” vector field

Main question. What is the class of smooth orientable 4-dimensional manifolds that admit an almost complex structure $J$ and a vector field v, that preserves $J$?
The following sub question is ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Embeddings of $S^2$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$

Suppose we are given an embedding of $S^2$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$ with self-intersection 1. Is there a diffeomorphism of $\mathbb{CP}^2$ which takes the given sphere to a complex line?
Note: I suspect ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

753 views

### A problem/conjecture related to 4-manifolds that deserves a name. What name does it deserve?

There's an old problem in 4-manifold theory that, as far as I know, doesn't have a name associated with it and really deserves a name.
Let $M$ be a smooth 4-manifold with boundary. Let $S$ be a ...