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63 views

filling by holomorphic disks method

Can you give me a reference for the proof of the filling by holomorphic disks method, besides Bishop's original paper?
3
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1answer
99 views

0-homologous surface bounds

Given a map $f : S \to M^4$ from a compact closed not necessarily connected oriented surface to a compact oriented 4-manifold, such that $f_*([S])$ is zero in $H_2(M)$, is there a compact oriented ...
10
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0answers
155 views

Fox re-imbedding theorem in dimension four

Fox re-imbedding theorem states the following: A compact 3-manifold $M$ with boundary that embeds in the three-sphere $S^3$, can be re-imbedded in $S^3$ so that its complement is a union of ...
3
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1answer
227 views

What are Kirby diagrams of candidate exotic 4-manifolds?

It is an open problem whether there exist smooth manifolds homeomorphic, but not diffeomorphic to the standard $S^4$. The same is true for the 4-torus and several other manifolds. Handle ...
4
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2answers
203 views

Does the 4-sphere have a nonzero Poisson structure as a Poisson homogeneous space?

It is known that the 4-sphere does not have a symplectic structure. However, it does admit Poisson structures, for example the zero Poisson structure, which is quite boring. Does it have other, more ...
3
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0answers
123 views

Compact self-dual Einstein metrics of negative scalar curvature

Does a compact four-dimensional self-dual Einstein manifold with negative scalar curvature have negative sectional curvature? This would be true if we believe the folklore conjecture that a compact ...
6
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2answers
226 views

Knotted projective planes and fake complex projective space

Paul Melvin gave a talk at Knots in Washington last year in which he asked whether the connected sum of an odd twist-spin of a classical knot and a standard cross-cap embedding of ${\mathbb R}P^2$ is ...
0
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0answers
103 views

K3 surface minus finite set

Let $S$ be a complex K3 surface, and $P\subset S$ a finite set of points in $S$. It is known that $$ H^i(S,\mathbb{Z})\cong H^i(S\setminus P,\mathbb{Z}) $$ for $0\le i \le 2$. Then the Euler ...
4
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1answer
235 views

Casson invariant and signature

In W. Neumann, J. Wahl, "Casson invariant of links of singularities", Comment. Math. Helv.,1990, Vol. 65, Issue 1, pp 58-78 some connection between the Casson invariant and the signature is ...
1
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0answers
135 views

complex Morse function on a four-manifold

If we have a complex Morse function on a complex four-manifold, $f: X\to \mathbb{C} $, can we tell from the function how the genus of inverse images $f^{-1}(z)$ (for regular values) may change? under ...
0
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1answer
350 views

Stein manifolds definiton

There are a few equivalent definitions of Stein manifolds. As far as I know they were initially defined as holomorphically convex complex manifolds, and then the other definitions (e.g. complex ...
0
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0answers
112 views

Affine varieties as Stein surfaces

I have a somewhat general and vague question in mind. Is there anything in literature related to Affine varieties as examples of Stein manifolds? I know that there is a topological approach to Stein ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Gluck twist on four-manifolds

I have a basic question which I am not able to figure out. If we do a Gluck twist on a nullhomologous 2-sphere in a 4-manifold, it is said that it does not change its intersection form. But as far as ...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

Boundaries of smooth manifolds

If one has a smooth simply connected manifold $M^n$ which we know to bound an $n+1$ dimensional manifold $N$, what can be said about a handle decomposition for one in terms of a handle decomposition ...
14
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3answers
806 views

open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds

What are some of the open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds.I tried googling but couldn't any. I tried googling it, but couldn't find any resources.The places where I can a survey or ...
6
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0answers
182 views

What is the state of the art in 4-manfold 2-types?

In an old answer to an old question of mine, Peter Teichner commented that it is an open problem to determine which homotopy 2-types arise from 4-manifolds. In some instances we know that a 4-manifold ...
6
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1answer
294 views

Almost parallelizable 4-manifolds

On the first page of Milnor-Kervaire's paper "Bernoulli numbers, homotopy groups, and a theorem of Rohlin", they assert without proof or reference that if $M$ is a compact connected oriented ...
10
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1answer
241 views

Visualising locally flat embeddings of surfaces in R^4

As far as I understand it follows from the work of M. Freedman that there exist locally flat embeddings of two dimensional surfaces in $\mathbb R^4$ that can not be smoothed in the class of locally ...
17
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0answers
507 views

Which manifolds decompose into pants?

In this nice paper Mikhalkin uses certain (more geometrical than algebraic) aspects of tropical geometry to prove that every complex projective hypersurface in $\mathbb C \mathbb P ^n$ decomposes as a ...
4
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1answer
418 views

Relation of SW and Donaldson Invariant

My question is: I am request for the reference that Is there any relationship between the Seiberg-Witten Invariant and Donaldson's Invariant? Or the relationship between Seiberg-Witten Moduli Space ...
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4answers
1k views

How Many 4-Manifolds are Symplectic?

As an honest question (probably with some subjectivity), how many smooth oriented 4-manifolds are actually symplectic? Can I say half (perhaps under some mild assumptions)? I ask this question because ...
3
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1answer
263 views

Intersection form on quotient manifold

Let $E_{1},E_{2}$ be elliptic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. We denote by $\iota_{i}$ the translation by a 2-torsion point on $E_{i}$. Then $G=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ acts freely on the the product ...
7
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1answer
579 views

A remark by Gromov on 4-manifolds

Gromov remarks in a a survey on manifolds (p.12) that "it is hard to imagine that there are infinitely many non-diffeomorphic, but mutually homeomorphic, quotients of the hyperbolic 4-space by ...
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1answer
1k views

What does Yang-Mills and mass gap problem has to do with mathematics?

I'm not very experienced in this topic, but I read a short description of the Yang-Mills existence and mass gap problem, and as long as I understood it has mainly physical consequences and ...
1
vote
1answer
463 views

Problem:Gromov-Witten;Moduli space

Let us consider a map from a $\Sigma_g \longrightarrow N$, where $N$ is a symplectic manifold. Then we define the moduli space as $M= \{ f | f \mbox{ is a pseudoholomorphic map } \Sigma_g \to N, ...
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2answers
455 views

Intersection forms of 4-manifolds with boundary

Let $X$ be any simply connected smooth 4-manifold with a fixed Euler characteristic $e$, signature $\sigma$ and boundary $Y$. Assume that the determinant of the intersection form $Q_{X}$ is equal to a ...
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0answers
206 views

Shortest Casson tower containing a slice disk for the attaching curve

A Casson tower is obtained as follows: Start with a properly immersed disk in $\mathbb{B}^4$ - a regular neighborhood of such a disk is called a kinky handle. The boundary of the core disk ...
1
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2answers
240 views

Group action on spin^c 4-manifold.

[edit] I'll try to be more precise. In paper N.Nakamura, "Bauer–Furuta invariants under $Z_2$-actions" there is an assumption that $Z_2$ action "lifts to spin^c structure". What i think it means: ...
2
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1answer
511 views

Homeomorphism classification of 4-manifolds

Question 1. Let $X_i$ be an infinite family of closed, orientable, smooth 4-manifolds with the following properties: a) $\pi_1(X_i) = \mathbb{Z}\times \mathbb{Z_{2}}$ for any $i = 1, 2, \cdots $ b) ...
6
votes
0answers
131 views

Surgering locally flat tori in 4-manifolds

Is there a locally flat torus in some not smoothable topological 4-manifold such that surgering on it produces a smoothable 4-manifold? Surgering means removing a tubular neighborhood and reattaching ...
10
votes
1answer
394 views

Handlebody decomposition of an open 4-manifold

Let $M$ be the fake $CP^2$ (namely the closed topological 4-manifold which is homotopy equivalent but not homeomorphic to the complex projective plan). It is well-known that $M$ admits no smooth ...
8
votes
2answers
666 views

When is the connected sum of manifolds orientation-independent?

Given $M$ and $N$, two connected orientable manifolds of the same dimension, when is $M$ # $N$ diffeomorphic to $M$ # $\overline{N}$, where $\overline{N}$ is $N$ with the orientation reversed? If $N$ ...
5
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5answers
977 views

What is the possible usefulness of étale topology and cohomology apart from the resolution of the Weil conjecture ?

My question is as stated in the title: What is the possible usefulness of étale topology and cohomology apart from the resolution of the Weil conjecture ? I am particularly interested to know if ...
9
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1answer
351 views

Complexity of surfaces bounding knots in 4-ball and 3-sphere respectively

I'm interested in a complexity question related to problems like the slice-ribbon problem. To be specific, if $K \subset S^3$ is a knot, it might be non-trivial yet still bound a smoothly-embedded ...
11
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2answers
448 views

Existing proofs of Rokhlin's theorem for PL manifolds

I'm looking for a comprehensive reference to existing proofs of Rokhlin's theorem that a 4-dimensional closed spin PL manifold has signature divisible by 16. I'm specifically interested in direct ...
10
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1answer
482 views

Smooth four-manifolds with contractible universal cover

Let $X$ be a smooth compact four-manifold with definite non-trivial intersection form. Can the universal cover of $X$ be contractible? It semms to me that the answer is negative when $X$ is simply ...
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3answers
859 views

Minimal genus, adjunction inequality

Let's consider closed simply-connected 4-manifold $M$ and some $a\in H^2(M)$. It is very natural question to estimate minimal $g$ that $a$ can be presented as embedded surface of genus $g$. As I know ...
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0answers
742 views

When is a compact topological 4-manifold a CW complex?

Freedman's $E_8$-manifold is nontriangulable, as proved on page (xvi) of the Akbulut-McCarthy 1990 Princeton Mathematical Notes "Casson's invariant for oriented homology 3-spheres". Kirby showed that ...
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1answer
988 views

Is there a smooth $4$-manifold homeomorphic but not diffemorphic to $CP^2$? [closed]

Is there a smooth $4$-manifold homeomorphic but not diffemorphic to $CP^2$? Are there known non-smooth examples homeomorphic $CP^2$?
10
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1answer
572 views

Where are $+$, $-$ and $\infty$ in bordered Heegaard-Floer theory?

Here goes my first MO-question. I've just read Lipshitz, Ozsváth and Thurston's recently updated "A tour of bordered Floer theory". To set the stage let me give two quotes from this paper. ...
10
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2answers
385 views

Embedding the product of three circles in the 4-sphere.

Let $M$ be a smooth submanifold of the 4-sphere $S^4$. I'm going to demand that $M$ be diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times S^1 \times S^1$. By Jordan-Brouwer separation, $M$ separates the 4-sphere into ...
12
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2answers
511 views

Explicit embeddings of Cappell-Shaneson knots

In 1976 Cappell and Shaneson gave some examples of knots in homotopy 4-spheres and for some time these examples were considered as possible counter-examples to the smooth 4-dimensional Poincare ...
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0answers
895 views

What is the three-dimensional hyperbolic volume of a four-manifold?

Every smooth closed orientable 4-manifold may be constructed via a handle decomposition. Before asking a couple of questions, I recall some well-known facts about handle-decompositions of 4-manifolds. ...
5
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2answers
522 views

First appearance of Novikov's additivity theorem

Hi! Novikov's additivity theorem states that if you glue together two compact oriented 4n-manifolds along a connected component of their boundaries, the signature of the resulting manifold is ...
0
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0answers
241 views

3-handle cancellation of 4-dimensional handlebody.

Let $X^4$ be the 4-dimensional handlebody with $\partial X=S^3$ and $\pi_i(X)=\pi_i(B^4)$. Is it true that we can always change $X^4$ with handlebody without 3-handle? (I'm concerning about the ...
12
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1answer
907 views

A question on classification of almost complex structures on $4$-manifolds

I have a (basic?) question in topology. Question 1. Is it possible to characterise compact $4$-manifolds $M^4$, such that almost complex structures on $M^4$ are uniquely defined up to homotopy by ...
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1answer
1k views

Can you flip the end of a large exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$

Can you flip the end of a large exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$ Background Definition (Exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$): An exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$ is a smooth manifold $R$ homeomorphic but not diffeomorphic to ...
61
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4answers
5k views

How can there be topological 4-manifolds with no differentiable structure?

This is a very naive question, and I'm hoping that it will be matched by a correspondingly elementary answer. It is well known that not every topological 4-manifold admits a smooth structure. So ...
16
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1answer
790 views

What's the Kirby Diagram of a universal $\mathbb{R}^4$?

What's the Kirby diagram of a universal $\mathbb{R}^4$? Background Define $\mathcal{R}$ as the set of smoothings of $\mathbb{R}^4$. For two oriented elements $R_1$, $R_2$ in $\mathcal{R}$ we can ...
7
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1answer
552 views

Are there symplectic 4-folds with $b_+>1$, $b_-=0$?

This is the question. Is it known that a symplectic $4$-fold with $b_2>1$ should have a homology class $C$ with $C^2<0$?