The 4-manifolds tag has no usage guidance, but it has a tag wiki.

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### Construction of invariants of 4-manifolds with the Kirby calculus

I'm an undergraduate student, interested in the low dimensional topology, in particular, the 4-manifold theory.
I have a question.
In the knot theory, the Reidemeister moves play fundamental roles.
...

**3**

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173 views

### Are all 4-manifolds $Pin^{\tilde{c}}$?

It's known that all oriented 4-manifolds admit a $Spin^c$ structure, ie. a spin structure on $TX\oplus\mathcal{L}$ for some complex line bundle $\mathcal{L}$.
A usual generalization of this ...

**3**

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**1**answer

124 views

### contact surgery diagram on Brieskorn manifolds

For the Brieskorn manifold $\Sigma(p,q,r)=\{z_1^p+z_2^q+z_3^r=0\} \cap S^5 \subset C^3$, replacing zero with $\epsilon$ in the above, realizes $\Sigma$ as boundary of a Stein domain which induces a ...

**4**

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**1**answer

133 views

### Homology 3-sphere with a unique Stein-fillable contact structure

Are there any known examples of oriented integer homology 3-spheres $Y$ (besides $S^3$) which have exactly one Stein-fillable contact structure up to isotopy? Failing that, what are the known examples ...

**8**

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**1**answer

162 views

### Essential Klein bottle in simply connected symplectic 4 manifolds

Consider the following question:
Let $X$ be a simply connected, symplectic 4-manifold. Does there exists a smoothly embedded Klein bottle $K\subset X$ such that the following conditions are both ...

**4**

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111 views

### No irreducible parallelizable manifold of given dimension

What is an example of a closed 4-manifold $M$ such that $M$ is parallelizable and $M$ is topologically (or at least smoothly) irreducible?
Topological irreducible: it is not homemorphic to ...

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452 views

### Concordance and homology cobordism

If two knots $K_1$ and $K_2$ in $S^3$ are smoothly concordant, then for any rational number $r$, the $r$-surgeries $S^3_r(K_1)$ and $S^3_r(K_2)$ are homology cobordant. Is the converse true? What if ...

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330 views

### Is Rasmussen's s-invariant of a knot an invariant of a 4-manifold?

Let $K$ be a knot in the 3-sphere $S^3$.
Here we denote by $s(K)$ Rasmussen's s-invariant for $K$,
and by $X_{K}(n)$ the 4-manifold obtained from the standard 4-ball $B^4$
by attaching a ...

**3**

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**1**answer

166 views

### Non-degenerate periodic orbits in the boundary of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk, and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it is non-degenerate fiberwise.
For any $x \in E$, there is a ...

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**2**answers

214 views

### Legendrian knot in 3-sphere

We are given a Legendrian knot, fixed up to Legendrian isotopy, in $(S^3,\xi)$ ($\xi$ is the standard contact structure). Does it necessarily bound a symplectic surface in $(B^4,\omega)$ (again ...

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181 views

### Brieskorn homology spheres

We know that a Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(p,q,r)$ admit a free $S^1$-action, which makes it a Seifert fibered spaces with three singular fibers: $M(b;r_1,r_2,r_3)$. How should one get from ...

**5**

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**1**answer

166 views

### Embedded spheres in the K3 surface

Using the Seiberg-Witten theory, we know that every (smoothly) embedded $S^{2}$ in $K3$ with trivial normal bundle is null-homologous. We know we have a lot of interesting knotted $S^{2}$ inside ...

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295 views

### Obtain 4-manifolds by repeating surgeries of submanifolds in $S^4$

In his paper QFT and Jones Polynomials, Witten states: "It is a not too deep result that every 3-manifold can be obtained from or reduced to $S^3$ (or any other desired 3-manifold) by repeated ...

**5**

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**2**answers

232 views

### Disjoint curves in an algebraic surface

Let $X$ be an algebraic surface (over the complex) with $p_g=q=0$. Is it possible to have disjoint curves $C_1,\ldots, C_b$, of positive genus, spanning $H_2(X,{\mathbb Q})$, $b=b_2(X)$?
(When $X$ is ...

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296 views

### Piecewise linear (PL) structures on $\mathbf R^4$

One can read in Wikipedia that the 4-dimensional affine space $\mathbf R^4$ has uncountably many piecewise linear structures (in contrast with other dimensions, where it has exactly one). A reference ...

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113 views

### Blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^4$ along a smooth surface

Let $\pi \colon X\to \mathbb{P}^4$ be the blow-up of a smooth surface $S\subset \mathbb{P}^4$. Is there a formula to compute $(K_X)^4$ ? (which should be dependent on invariants of $S$).
In dimension ...

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**1**answer

225 views

### Are “Unions” of small exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$'s small?

Suppose $M$ is a smooth 4-manifold, and $U,V \subset M$ are exotic $\mathbb{R}^4$'s, i.e. homeomorphic to standard $\mathbb{R} ^4$.
Further more suppose $U$ an $V$ intersect nicely sucht that $U \cup ...

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578 views

### Smooth 4-manifolds with $E_8$ intersection form

Does there exist a closed orientable smooth 4-manifold $M$ whose intersection form is the $E_8$-form? Here by the intersection form I mean the $\mathbb{Z}$-valued bilinear form on ...

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**1**answer

151 views

### relations between intersection form and Chern classes

Is there exist a 4-manifold which intersection form has the following property
$$
(a,a) \neq 0\ \text{if}\ a\neq 0,
$$
and the second (or the first) Chern class (for some almost complex stucture) ...

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148 views

### Is complex surface in CP(3) a two handlebody?

Consider a complex surface given by homogeneous equation in $\mathbb{C}P^3$. Without loss of generality, take
\begin{equation}
S = \{[x:y:z:w] \in \mathbb{C}P^3~ |~ x^d + y^d + z^d + w^d = 0\}
...

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716 views

### Thurston geometries in dimension 4

In the sense of W. Thurston here, there is 3 geometries in dimension 2 and there is 8 geometries in dimension 3.
Question: How many different geometries (in the sense of Thurston) do we have in ...

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153 views

### Excluding exotic PL structures on S^4

Suppose you have a finite group $G<SO(5)$ such that $S^4/G$ is homeomorphic to $S^4$ and such that $S^4/G$ is a PL manifold with respect to a PL structure induced by a standard structure on $S^4$. ...

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179 views

### Simply-connected 4-manifolds can be blown up and down to complex projective planes. How about non-simply-connected ones?

There is a nice theorem that for every simply connected, closed, smooth, oriented manifold $M$, we have for some $m \in \mathbb{N}$:
$$M \# \left(\mathop{\#}^m \left(\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2 \# ...

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147 views

### Definition of the dual spider number and the formula for the first chern class of the triangle

In the process of trying to understand various maps in Heegaard Floer homology I got stuck on the definition of the dual spider number, which, it seems to me, has a combinatorial definition directly ...

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392 views

### Approximation theorem for Anti-Self-Dual Metrics

Rounge's Theorem states that any meromorphic function on a domain inside $\mathbb{C}$ can be approximated (over compact subsets) by a sequence of rational functions (meromorphic functions on ...

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304 views

### Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed 4-manifolds. Are there any closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many ...

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245 views

### How to embed genus 4 surface inside $\mathbb{C}P^2\# \mathbb{C}P^2$ representing nontrivial homology class

As the title says, I want to embed the genus 4 surface inside $\mathbb{C}P^2\# \mathbb{C}P^2$ representing a nontrivial homology class.
I know that $H_2(\mathbb{C}P^2 \# \mathbb{C}P^2; ...

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294 views

### Are 4-dimensional mapping tori always spin?

We know that all compact orientable manifolds of dimension 3 are spin.
In 4 dimensions, $CP^2$ is not spin. I would like to ask if
all 4-dimensional compact orientable mapping tori are spin?
See ...

**4**

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**1**answer

135 views

### 0-homologous surface bounds

Given a map $f : S \to M^4$ from a compact closed not necessarily connected oriented surface to a compact oriented 4-manifold, such that $f_*([S])$ is zero in $H_2(M)$, is there a compact oriented ...

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224 views

### Fox re-imbedding theorem in dimension four

Fox re-imbedding theorem states the following:
A compact 3-manifold $M$ with boundary that embeds in the three-sphere $S^3$, can be re-imbedded in $S^3$ so that its complement is a union of ...

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**1**answer

373 views

### What are Kirby diagrams of candidate exotic 4-manifolds?

It is an open problem whether there exist smooth manifolds homeomorphic, but not diffeomorphic to the standard $S^4$. The same is true for the 4-torus and several other manifolds. Handle ...

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360 views

### Does the 4-sphere have a nonzero Poisson structure as a Poisson homogeneous space?

It is known that the 4-sphere does not have a symplectic structure. However, it does admit Poisson structures, for example the zero Poisson structure, which is quite boring. Does it have other, more ...

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185 views

### Compact self-dual Einstein metrics of negative scalar curvature

Does a compact four-dimensional self-dual Einstein manifold with negative scalar curvature have negative sectional curvature?
This would be true if we believe the folklore conjecture that a compact ...

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269 views

### Knotted projective planes and fake complex projective space

Paul Melvin gave a talk at Knots in Washington last year in which he asked whether the connected sum of an odd twist-spin of a classical knot and a standard cross-cap embedding of ${\mathbb R}P^2$ is ...

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110 views

### K3 surface minus finite set

Let $S$ be a complex K3 surface, and $P\subset S$ a finite set of points in $S$. It is known that
$$
H^i(S,\mathbb{Z})\cong H^i(S\setminus P,\mathbb{Z})
$$
for $0\le i \le 2$. Then the Euler ...

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**1**answer

277 views

### Casson invariant and signature

In W. Neumann, J. Wahl, "Casson invariant of links of singularities",
Comment. Math. Helv.,1990, Vol. 65, Issue 1, pp 58-78 some connection between the Casson invariant and the signature is ...

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159 views

### complex Morse function on a four-manifold

If we have a complex Morse function on a complex four-manifold, $f: X\to \mathbb{C} $, can we tell from the function how the genus of inverse images $f^{-1}(z)$ (for regular values) may change? under ...

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**1**answer

623 views

### Stein manifolds definiton

There are a few equivalent definitions of Stein manifolds. As far as I know they were initially defined as holomorphically convex complex manifolds, and then the other definitions (e.g. complex ...

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142 views

### Affine varieties as Stein surfaces

I have a somewhat general and vague question in mind. Is there anything in literature related to Affine varieties as examples of Stein manifolds? I know that there is a topological approach to Stein ...

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**1**answer

264 views

### Gluck twist on four-manifolds

I have a basic question which I am not able to figure out. If we do a Gluck twist on a nullhomologous 2-sphere in a 4-manifold, it is said that it does not change its intersection form. But as far as ...

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315 views

### Boundaries of smooth manifolds

If one has a smooth simply connected manifold $M^n$ which we know to bound an $n+1$ dimensional manifold $N$, what can be said about a handle decomposition for one in terms of a handle decomposition ...

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1k views

### open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds

What are some of the open problems in Seiberg-Witten Theory on 4-Manifolds.I tried googling but couldn't any. I tried googling it, but couldn't find any resources.The places where I can a survey or ...

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194 views

### What is the state of the art in 4-manfold 2-types?

In an old answer to an old question of mine, Peter Teichner commented that it is an open problem to determine which homotopy 2-types arise from 4-manifolds. In some instances we know that a 4-manifold ...

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368 views

### Almost parallelizable 4-manifolds

On the first page of Milnor-Kervaire's paper "Bernoulli numbers, homotopy groups, and a theorem of Rohlin", they assert without proof or reference that if $M$ is a compact connected oriented ...

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266 views

### Visualising locally flat embeddings of surfaces in R^4

As far as I understand it follows from the work of M. Freedman that there exist locally flat embeddings of two dimensional surfaces in $\mathbb R^4$ that can not be smoothed in the class of locally ...

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649 views

### Which manifolds decompose into pants?

In this nice paper Mikhalkin uses certain (more geometrical than algebraic) aspects of tropical geometry to prove that every complex projective hypersurface in $\mathbb C \mathbb P ^n$ decomposes as a ...

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678 views

### Relation of SW and Donaldson Invariant

My question is:
I am request for the reference that Is there any relationship between the Seiberg-Witten Invariant and Donaldson's Invariant? Or the relationship between Seiberg-Witten Moduli Space ...

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1k views

### How Many 4-Manifolds are Symplectic?

As an honest question (probably with some subjectivity), how many smooth oriented 4-manifolds are actually symplectic? Can I say half (perhaps under some mild assumptions)? I ask this question because ...

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292 views

### Intersection form on quotient manifold

Let $E_{1},E_{2}$ be elliptic curves over $\mathbb{C}$. We denote by $\iota_{i}$ the translation by a 2-torsion point on $E_{i}$. Then $G=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}$ acts freely on the the product ...

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724 views

### A remark by Gromov on 4-manifolds

Gromov remarks in a a survey on manifolds (p.12) that "it is hard to imagine that there are infinitely many non-diffeomorphic, but mutually homeomorphic, quotients of the hyperbolic 4-space by ...