The 3-manifolds tag has no usage guidance.

**9**

votes

**3**answers

205 views

### Random links and $3$-manifolds

In Jeffrey Weeks book "The Shape of Space" he explaines at the end of Chapter 18 (on page 255) the following about the geometrization conjecture:
A non-trivial connected sum $M_1\# M_2$ admits a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### contact surgery diagram on Brieskorn manifolds

For the Brieskorn manifold $\Sigma(p,q,r)=\{z_1^p+z_2^q+z_3^r=0\} \cap S^5 \subset C^3$, replacing zero with $\epsilon$ in the above, realizes $\Sigma$ as boundary of a Stein domain which induces a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

60 views

### stabilization of Legendrian knots

There are two ways to stabilize a Legendrian knot $k$ in standard contact sphere $(S^3,\xi_{st})$ i.e. adding right cusps or left cusps, let's call these two stabilized Legendrian knots $k_R$ and ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of Nil

Let $Nil$ be the unique simply connected non-abelian three-dimensional nilpotent Lie group, i.e. the group of upper triangular matrices with all the eigenvalues equal to 1 (this group is also known as ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

77 views

### contact structure on double branched covers of $S^3$

We can assign a natural contact structure to double branched cover of a transverse knot $k$ in the $3$-sphere with its standard contact structure $(S^3,\xi_{st})$, as described ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

133 views

### Surgery of $S^3$

I have been troubled by this seemingly simple question recently.
How do we easily visualize the statement:
Surgery of $S^3$ over a trivial unknot gives $S^1 \times S^2$?
All I can think of for ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

583 views

### Classification of knots by geometrization theorem

I read this interview with Ian Agol, where he says:
"...I learned that Thurston’s geometrization theorem allowed a complete and practical classification of knots."
My question is:
How does ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

226 views

### On compact, orientable 3-manifolds with non-empty boundary

I recall my Professor having stated something along the lines of the following, but I am not quite certain about the precise statement she gave:
Let $M$ be a compact, orientable 3 manifold with ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

97 views

### Constructing a “nice” cobordism

Denote by $\Sigma_g$ the closed, orientable surface of genus $g$. I want to construct a cobordism $M_g$ between $\Sigma_g$ and $\Sigma_{g+1}$ with the following two nice properties:
1) $M_g$ is an ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

489 views

### Can one deform an immersion of a 3-manifold in $\mathbb R^4$ to an embedding in $\mathbb R^6$?

Let $M^3$ be an oriented 3-manifold, and let $f:M^3\looparrowright \mathbb R^4$ be a codimension one immersion. Is it possible to find a small deformation of the composite map
$$
M^3 \to \mathbb R^4 ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

193 views

### Is the following 3-manifold always a trivial I-bundle over a surface?

Let $M$ be a compact, orientable and irreducible 3-manifold with with boundary consisting of two incompressible components $N_0,N_1$, with $N_i \stackrel{f_i}{\cong} S_g$ for some diffeomorphism ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Heegard genus of hyperbolic Haken 3-manifolds

Is there an example of a closed Haken hyperbolic 3-manifold of Heegaard genus 2?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

415 views

### Thurston geometries---the geometry of the universal cover of $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$

In one of the eight Thurston geometries there is the geometry of the universal cover of $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$. But from the algebraic point of view $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ is sufficient for building ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

775 views

### What are the implications of the simple loop conjecture?

Drew Zemke recently posted a preprint on arXiv proving the Simple Loop Conjecture for 3-manifolds modeled on Sol.
Simple Loop Conjecture: Consider a 2-sided immersion $F\colon\, \Sigma\rightarrow ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Is every closed Sasakian 3-manifold a circle bundle on a Riemann surface?

It suffices to say that all circle bundles on compact Riemann surfaces admit the structure of a closed Sasakian 3-manifold. The question is, the converse of this statement and/or what are the ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

254 views

### Classification of open subset of $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ [closed]

There is a theorem which gives a classification of connected open sets of $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Unfortunately, I don't remember the correct statement, but it looks like this
Theorem ? Let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Which 3-manifolds have positive rank gradient?

For which $3$-manifolds $M$ is the fundamental group $\pi_1(M)$
finitely generated and has positive rank gradient?
Recall that the rank gradient of a finitely generated group $G$ is defined to ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### Engulfing Kleinian groups?

Let $G$ be a Kleinian group, and let $H \lneq G$ be a finitely
generated subgroup. Must there be a proper finite index subgroup $U$ of $G$ containing $H$ ?
I know that this is true for Fuchsian ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

293 views

### 3-manifolds homotopy equivalent to a surface

I have heard that an open, orientable 3-manifold $X$ (non-compact, without-boundary) that is homotopy equivalent to an orientable surface $S_g$ must itself already be homemorphic to $S_g \times ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### Homology 3-sphere with a unique Stein-fillable contact structure

Are there any known examples of oriented integer homology 3-spheres $Y$ (besides $S^3$) which have exactly one Stein-fillable contact structure up to isotopy? Failing that, what are the known examples ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

289 views

### Gluing two 3 manifolds along their boundary

Let $X,Y$ be two compact, smooth, orientable 3 manifolds, each with an incompressible boundary component diffeomorphic to some genus $g $ surface $S_g$. Under an orientation-reversig diffeomorphism ...

**21**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### The Chern-Simons/Wess-Zumino-Witten correspondence

I have often seen a relationship being alluded to between these two theories but I am unable to find any literature which proves/derives/explains this relationship.
I guess in the condensed matter ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Is the following 3-manifold irreducible?

We start with product manifold $ X := S_g \times (0,1)$, where $S_g$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus $g \geq 1$. Since this has $\mathbb R^3$ as its universal cover, $X$ is irreducible. Now ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Is there an example where we cannot lift an analytic arc of an irred. $SL_2(\mathbb{C})$-character to an analytic arc of an irred. representation?

Is there an example of an irreducible and boundary irreducible $3$-manifold $M$ with torus boundary and a non-abelian representation $\rho: \pi_1(M) \to SL_2(\mathbb{C})$, a non-constant analytic arc ...

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votes

**2**answers

868 views

### Tight vs. overtwisted contact structure

I know the familiar differences between tight and overtwisted contact structures. For example, each homotopy class of plane-bundles on a three-manifold has an overtwisted representative but tight ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Conditions on the hierarchy for Thurston's hyperbolization theorem

From my understanding the proof of Thurston's hyperbolization theorem for Haken $3$--manifolds consists of cutting the manifold along a hierarchy (collection of incompressible, ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### How to get convinced that there are a lot of 3-manifolds?

My question is rather philosophical : without using advanced tools as Perlman-Thurston's geometrisation, how can we get convinced that the class of closed oriented $3$-manifolds is large and that ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

533 views

### A conjecture of Montesinos

Not every orientable 3-manifold is a double cover of $S^3$ branched over a link. For example, the 3-torus isn't. However, in 1975 Montesinos conjectured (Surjery on links and double branched covers of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Heegaard diagrams of prime 3-manifolds

Are there some known results which give a classification of closed prime 3-manifolds up to their Heegaard diagrams? (That is, providing a collection of Heegaard diagrams which exhausts all prime ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Is tightness decidable?

Given a contact structure on a three-manifold, is there an algorithm to decide whether or not it tight?
For concreteness' sake, let's agree to represent the given contact three-manifold via an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Non-degenerate periodic orbits in the boundary of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk, and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it is non-degenerate fiberwise.
For any $x \in E$, there is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### The first Betti number of a finite covering space of a closed 3-manifold

Let $\tilde{M}\to M$ be a finite covering of closed 3-manifolds.
Is it possible that $\beta_1(\tilde{M})-1> [\pi_1(M):\pi_1(\tilde{M})](\beta_1(M)-1)>0$?
Here, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

206 views

### Equivariant smoothing of PL structures on $S^3$

Suppose $S^3$ is PL sphere on which a finite group $G$ acts by PL homeomorphisms. Is it always possible to find a compatible smooth structure such that $G$ acts by diffeomorphisms?
I am not quite ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

180 views

### Brieskorn homology spheres

We know that a Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(p,q,r)$ admit a free $S^1$-action, which makes it a Seifert fibered spaces with three singular fibers: $M(b;r_1,r_2,r_3)$. How should one get from ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

277 views

### the space of continuous maps between 3-manifolds

Let $X$ be a connected hyperbolic 3-manifold (without boundary), $S^3$ the 3-sphere and $Map(X,S^3)$
the space of continuous maps between $X$ and $S^3$.
Question: Is the space $Map(X,S^3)$ connected ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Simple proof for property R conjecture

Gabai's property R theorem is:
If the 0-surgery manifold of a knot $K$ is homeomorphic to $S^1\times S^2$, then $K$ is the unknot.
Recently, 3-manifold topology has been developed rapidly by Agol, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Hyperbolic manifold of dim 3 with finite volume.

The geometrization Theorem for 3-manifolds classifies all oriented compact (without boundary ) 3-manifolds. Is there a theorem which classifies all hyperbolic oriented 3-manifold (without boundary ) ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Morse number of the Poincaré homology sphere

What is the Morse number of the Poincaré homology sphere? What about the stable Morse number?

**0**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Does this count as a canonical decomposition for non-elementary hyperbolic 3-orbifolds?

Let $\Gamma$ be a Kleinian group and let $\mathbb{H}^3$ be the upper half-space model for hyperbolic 3-space.
Then $\mathbb{H}^3/\Gamma$ is an orientable hyperbolic 3-orbifold (with the group action ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

309 views

### 3-manifolds with isomorphic fundamental groups

There are many non-homeomorphic 3-manifolds with isomorphic fundamental groups, for example the lens spaces $L(p,q_1)$ and $L(p,q_2)$ with $q_1 \ne \pm q_2^{\pm 1}\mod p$. Also, Seifert fibered spaces ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

448 views

### teichmuller geodesics and hyperbolic mapping torus

Given a pseudoanosov map $\phi$ of a surface $S$, there is a geodesic $\sigma$ in Teichmuller space (with the teichmuller metric) that is an axis for $\phi$, In other words, $\phi$ acts as a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Chern-Simons invariants of 2-bridge knots

2-bridge links $L(p/q)$ are described by the continuous fraction expansion $\frac{p}{q}=\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n\right]$, where the $a_i$ are the numbers of twists in the boxes below:
Looking at ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### 2-bridge knots in the Rolfsen's table

2-bridge knots (aka rational knots) $K(p,q)$ are described by a rational number $\frac{p}{q}$ or likewise its continued fraction expansion $\left[a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_k\right]$.
Has somebody worked out a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

263 views

### Modifying the Reeb vector field by multplying by a function

Given a contact 3-manifold $(M,\omega)$ and its Reeb vector field $R$ and contact structure $\Delta$, I want to understand in some sense 'how large' is the set of Reeb vector fields supported by ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

426 views

### In a contact manifold, is every tranverse 1-foliation given by some Reeb vector field?

Let $M$ be a contact manifold, and let $F$ be an oriented 1-dimensional foliation that is transverse to the contact structure.
Is there a contact form $\alpha$ whose associated Reeb vector field ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

382 views

### Geometric intersection with incompressible surfaces

Let $M$ be a oriented compact $3$-manifold, closed or with boundary.
For any incompressible surface $F$, define a function $i_F$ on the set of homotopy classes of closed curves in $M$ by $$i_F ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### What are known examples of a 3-manifold $Y$ embedded into $Y'\times I$ where $Y'$ is another 3-manifold?

The question I have is the following:
Let $Y,Y'$ be two integer homology 3-spheres. Can we embed $Y'$ into $Y\times I$ such that $Y'$ separates the two boundary components apart?
Do we know any ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Self-diffeomorphisms of fibered knot complements

A knot $K \subset S^3$ is fibered if the complement $S^3 \setminus K$ of (a small open neighborhood of) $K$ is a fiber bundle over $S^1$. (The fiber will be a surface with one boundary component.)
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

150 views

### Reeb orbit and open books

Weinstein conjecture is about existence of a closed orbit of the Reeb vector field on every contact manifold. On the other hand, we know every contact 3-manifold admits a compatible open book, which ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

227 views

### Geometrisation of inclusion-like epimorphisms to free groups

Let $H_g$ be the standard $3$-dimensional handle-body, whose boundary is denoted $S_g$, the oriented closed surface of genus $g\geq 1$.
Call $F_g$ be the free group of rank $g$.
Denote by $i:S_g \to ...