The 3-manifolds tag has no usage guidance.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Looking for examples of large hyperbolic two-generator knots or 3-manifolds

We say a knot $K$ in $S^3$ is small if its exterior contains no closed properly embedded incompressible surfaces and we say $K$ is large otherwise.
Does anyone know of an example of a large ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### How to understand Taubes' moduli space of holomorphic curves?

Let $(X, \omega)$ be a closed symplectic 4-manifold. Let $\mathcal{C}=(C_i, mi_i)$ be a holomorphic current in $X$, where $C_i$ is a somewhere injective $J$-holomorphic curve in $X$ and $m_i$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### when is an irreducible SL_2(C) representation of a cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold scheme reduced or smooth

Let $M$ be an orientable cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold. Let $\rho \in hom(\pi_1(M),SL_2(\mathbb{C}))$ be an irreducible representation.
Is $\rho$ scheme reduced ?
What can prevent $\rho$ from being ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Constructing a “nice” cobordism

Denote by $\Sigma_g$ the closed, orientable surface of genus $g$. I want to construct a cobordism $M_g$ between $\Sigma_g$ and $\Sigma_{g+1}$ with the following two nice properties:
1) $M_g$ is an ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### contact surgery diagram on Brieskorn manifolds

For the Brieskorn manifold $\Sigma(p,q,r)=\{z_1^p+z_2^q+z_3^r=0\} \cap S^5 \subset C^3$, replacing zero with $\epsilon$ in the above, realizes $\Sigma$ as boundary of a Stein domain which induces a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

75 views

### Compatibility of spherical and hyperbolic geometry for fibred knots

Hyperbolic knots and links have a lovely peculiarity that you can always find a position for them in $S^3$ making two groups the same, one defined using the spherical geometry of $S^3$, and the other ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Fibered knots vs Heegaard genus

We call a knot $K$ in a 3-manifold $M$ fibered if $M\backslash K$ fibers over $S^1$ with fibers $\Sigma$ and such that $K$ is ambient isotopic to the boundary of the compactified fiber ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

93 views

### obtaining circle bundle over torus by trefoil surgery

Does any integer surgery on a right or left trefoil knot give the $S^1$-bundle over $T^2$ with Euler number $1$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### How many non-commensurable non-arithmetic manifolds have a quaternion algebra like this?

I am interested in realizing commensurability classes of hyperbolic $3$-manifolds whose quaternion algebra (note: not invariant quaternion algebra) is isomorphic to one of the form ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

337 views

### What are the different ways of defining 3-manifolds?

I wonder what are the different ways of defining the 3-manifold. Obviously for average human being it is difficult to imagine the 3-manifold. Therefore the presentation or visualisation of such object ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

50 views

### Existence of a continuous map of a disk with a given boundary image on a surface to its complement in $\mathbb{R}^3$

I am considering the following problem:
given an embedded closed surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ (unknotted) and a non-trivial simple closed curve on it, does there exist a continuous map of a disk to the ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

332 views

### Which closed 3-manifolds can be embedded in $R^4$?

I wonder which closed orientable 3-manifolds can be embedded in $\mathbb R^4$ and which in $\mathbb R^5$. Is there a way to determine whether given closed 3-manifold, obtained, say by Dehn surgery on ...

**23**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### How to get convinced that there are a lot of 3-manifolds?

My question is rather philosophical : without using advanced tools as Perlman-Thurston's geometrisation, how can we get convinced that the class of closed oriented $3$-manifolds is large and that ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

233 views

### Closed $3$-manifold, $2$-dimensional subbundle of this manifold, is this form exact or not?

Let $M$ be a closed $3$-manifold, and let $\xi$ be a $2$-dimensional subbundle of $TM$. I know the following.
There is a nowhere zero $1$-form $\alpha$ on $M$ with $\alpha(X) = 0$ for any vector ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### mapping class group of a two-holed torus

It is well-known that in the picture below we have $t_d=(t_at_b)^6$ as elements in the mapping class group of a two-holed torus, ($t_\gamma$ represents positive Dehn twist about the curve $\gamma$). ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

282 views

### Rational homology sphere that is not Seifert manifold

I wonder if there is an example of rational homology sphere that is not a Seifert manifold. If there is, how can one construct such a rational homology sphere from a surgery of a knot in $S^3$?

**10**

votes

**3**answers

292 views

### Random links and $3$-manifolds

In Jeffrey Weeks book "The Shape of Space" he explaines at the end of Chapter 18 (on page 255) the following about the geometrization conjecture:
A non-trivial connected sum $M_1\# M_2$ admits a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### stabilization of Legendrian knots

There are two ways to stabilize a Legendrian knot $k$ in standard contact sphere $(S^3,\xi_{st})$ i.e. adding right cusps or left cusps, let's call these two stabilized Legendrian knots $k_R$ and ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### Quasi-isometric rigidity of Nil

Let $Nil$ be the unique simply connected non-abelian three-dimensional nilpotent Lie group, i.e. the group of upper triangular matrices with all the eigenvalues equal to 1 (this group is also known as ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### contact structure on double branched covers of $S^3$

We can assign a natural contact structure to double branched cover of a transverse knot $k$ in the $3$-sphere with its standard contact structure $(S^3,\xi_{st})$, as described ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

143 views

### Surgery of $S^3$

I have been troubled by this seemingly simple question recently.
How do we easily visualize the statement:
Surgery of $S^3$ over a trivial unknot gives $S^1 \times S^2$?
All I can think of for ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

658 views

### Classification of knots by geometrization theorem

I read this interview with Ian Agol, where he says:
"...I learned that Thurston’s geometrization theorem allowed a complete and practical classification of knots."
My question is:
How does ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

243 views

### On compact, orientable 3-manifolds with non-empty boundary

I recall my Professor having stated something along the lines of the following, but I am not quite certain about the precise statement she gave:
Let $M$ be a compact, orientable 3 manifold with ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

534 views

### Can one deform an immersion of a 3-manifold in $\mathbb R^4$ to an embedding in $\mathbb R^6$?

Let $M^3$ be an oriented 3-manifold, and let $f:M^3\looparrowright \mathbb R^4$ be a codimension one immersion. Is it possible to find a small deformation of the composite map
$$
M^3 \to \mathbb R^4 ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

202 views

### Is the following 3-manifold always a trivial I-bundle over a surface?

Let $M$ be a compact, orientable and irreducible 3-manifold with with boundary consisting of two incompressible components $N_0,N_1$, with $N_i \stackrel{f_i}{\cong} S_g$ for some diffeomorphism ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Heegard genus of hyperbolic Haken 3-manifolds

Is there an example of a closed Haken hyperbolic 3-manifold of Heegaard genus 2?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

422 views

### Thurston geometries---the geometry of the universal cover of $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$

In one of the eight Thurston geometries there is the geometry of the universal cover of $SL(2, \mathbb{R})$. But from the algebraic point of view $PSL(2,\mathbb{R})$ is sufficient for building ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

822 views

### What are the implications of the simple loop conjecture?

Drew Zemke recently posted a preprint on arXiv proving the Simple Loop Conjecture for 3-manifolds modeled on Sol.
Simple Loop Conjecture: Consider a 2-sided immersion $F\colon\, \Sigma\rightarrow ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Is every closed Sasakian 3-manifold a circle bundle on a Riemann surface?

It suffices to say that all circle bundles on compact Riemann surfaces admit the structure of a closed Sasakian 3-manifold. The question is, the converse of this statement and/or what are the ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

259 views

### Classification of open subset of $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ [closed]

There is a theorem which gives a classification of connected open sets of $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Unfortunately, I don't remember the correct statement, but it looks like this
Theorem ? Let ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Which 3-manifolds have positive rank gradient?

For which $3$-manifolds $M$ is the fundamental group $\pi_1(M)$
finitely generated and has positive rank gradient?
Recall that the rank gradient of a finitely generated group $G$ is defined to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

128 views

### Engulfing Kleinian groups?

Let $G$ be a Kleinian group, and let $H \lneq G$ be a finitely
generated subgroup. Must there be a proper finite index subgroup $U$ of $G$ containing $H$ ?
I know that this is true for Fuchsian ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

316 views

### 3-manifolds homotopy equivalent to a surface

I have heard that an open, orientable 3-manifold $X$ (non-compact, without-boundary) that is homotopy equivalent to an orientable surface $S_g$ must itself already be homemorphic to $S_g \times ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Homology 3-sphere with a unique Stein-fillable contact structure

Are there any known examples of oriented integer homology 3-spheres $Y$ (besides $S^3$) which have exactly one Stein-fillable contact structure up to isotopy? Failing that, what are the known examples ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

325 views

### Gluing two 3 manifolds along their boundary

Let $X,Y$ be two compact, smooth, orientable 3 manifolds, each with an incompressible boundary component diffeomorphic to some genus $g $ surface $S_g$. Under an orientation-reversig diffeomorphism ...

**22**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### The Chern-Simons/Wess-Zumino-Witten correspondence

I have often seen a relationship being alluded to between these two theories but I am unable to find any literature which proves/derives/explains this relationship.
I guess in the condensed matter ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### Is the following 3-manifold irreducible?

We start with product manifold $ X := S_g \times (0,1)$, where $S_g$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus $g \geq 1$. Since this has $\mathbb R^3$ as its universal cover, $X$ is irreducible. Now ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### Is there an example where we cannot lift an analytic arc of an irred. $SL_2(\mathbb{C})$-character to an analytic arc of an irred. representation?

Is there an example of an irreducible and boundary irreducible $3$-manifold $M$ with torus boundary and a non-abelian representation $\rho: \pi_1(M) \to SL_2(\mathbb{C})$, a non-constant analytic arc ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

927 views

### Tight vs. overtwisted contact structure

I know the familiar differences between tight and overtwisted contact structures. For example, each homotopy class of plane-bundles on a three-manifold has an overtwisted representative but tight ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Conditions on the hierarchy for Thurston's hyperbolization theorem

From my understanding the proof of Thurston's hyperbolization theorem for Haken $3$--manifolds consists of cutting the manifold along a hierarchy (collection of incompressible, ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

534 views

### A conjecture of Montesinos

Not every orientable 3-manifold is a double cover of $S^3$ branched over a link. For example, the 3-torus isn't. However, in 1975 Montesinos conjectured (Surjery on links and double branched covers of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Heegaard diagrams of prime 3-manifolds

Are there some known results which give a classification of closed prime 3-manifolds up to their Heegaard diagrams? (That is, providing a collection of Heegaard diagrams which exhausts all prime ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### Is tightness decidable?

Given a contact structure on a three-manifold, is there an algorithm to decide whether or not it tight?
For concreteness' sake, let's agree to represent the given contact three-manifold via an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Non-degenerate periodic orbits in the boundary of Lefschetz fibration over a disk

Suppose that $\pi:E \to D$ is a 4-dimensional Lefschetz fibration over a disk, and let $\Omega$ be a closed 2-form on $E$ such that it is non-degenerate fiberwise.
For any $x \in E$, there is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### The first Betti number of a finite covering space of a closed 3-manifold

Let $\tilde{M}\to M$ be a finite covering of closed 3-manifolds.
Is it possible that $\beta_1(\tilde{M})-1> [\pi_1(M):\pi_1(\tilde{M})](\beta_1(M)-1)>0$?
Here, ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

216 views

### Equivariant smoothing of PL structures on $S^3$

Suppose $S^3$ is PL sphere on which a finite group $G$ acts by PL homeomorphisms. Is it always possible to find a compatible smooth structure such that $G$ acts by diffeomorphisms?
I am not quite ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

195 views

### Brieskorn homology spheres

We know that a Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(p,q,r)$ admit a free $S^1$-action, which makes it a Seifert fibered spaces with three singular fibers: $M(b;r_1,r_2,r_3)$. How should one get from ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

280 views

### the space of continuous maps between 3-manifolds

Let $X$ be a connected hyperbolic 3-manifold (without boundary), $S^3$ the 3-sphere and $Map(X,S^3)$
the space of continuous maps between $X$ and $S^3$.
Question: Is the space $Map(X,S^3)$ connected ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### Simple proof for property R conjecture

Gabai's property R theorem is:
If the 0-surgery manifold of a knot $K$ is homeomorphic to $S^1\times S^2$, then $K$ is the unknot.
Recently, 3-manifold topology has been developed rapidly by Agol, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Hyperbolic manifold of dim 3 with finite volume.

The geometrization Theorem for 3-manifolds classifies all oriented compact (without boundary ) 3-manifolds. Is there a theorem which classifies all hyperbolic oriented 3-manifold (without boundary ) ...