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702 views

Dehn surgery on handlebody

Assume $V$ is a handlebody and $C$ be a simple closed curve contained in the interior of $V$. As Sam said, there exists some simple closed curve such that every dehn surgery along it produces a ...
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what is the meaning of “inseparable” in this case

Let $i:T^{2}\rightarrow S^{1}\times S^{2}$ be an embedding map. If $i(T^{2})$ is inseparable in $S^{1}\times S^{2}$, then $S^{1}\times S^{2}-i(T^{2})\cong (O\cup K)^{c}$. Here $(O\cup K)^{c}$ is a two ...
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Questions on 3-manifolds with a given boundary

I have the following question: For a given two-dimensional Riemann surface $C$, Is there a way to classify all topologically distinct three-dimensional compact manifolds $M$ whose boundary is $C$, ...
367 views

Smooth structures on closed $3$-manifolds are unique up to diffeomorphism?

Hi! I'm using the theorem stated in the question, but so far, I haven't found a source that does explicitely state and prove it or at least give a proper citation. It must be me though, since the ...
595 views

what is the meaning of a curve $C$ representing Identity in fundamental group?

Suppose $M$ is a closed 3-manifold, $C\subset M$ is a simple closed curve which represent identity in $\pi_{1}(M)$. Then $C$ bounds an immersed disk in $M$. My question is: When does it bound an ...
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How to see isometries of figure 8 knot complement

The figure 8 knot complement $M$ is the orientable double cover of the Gieseking manifold, which implies that $M$ has a fixed-point free involution. If we think of $M$ with its hyperbolic metric, this ...
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is very compact P^2-irreducible 3-manifold homotopy equivalent to a sphere or cell-quotient?

is very compact $P^2$-irreducible 3-manifold homotopy equivalent to a sphere or cell-quotient?
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The Tubular Neighborhood of a Closed Geodesic

Suppose $M_{g}$ is the mapping torus $\Sigma_{g} \times [0, 1]/ (x, 0) \equiv (\tau x, 1)$, where $\Sigma_{g}$ is the hyperbolic space with genus $g,$ and $\tau : \Sigma_{g} \to \Sigma_{g}$ is an ...
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$S^1$-action in three dimensions

Let $M$ be a closed, orientable 3-manifold with a non-trivial differentiable $S^1$-action. What does this imply for $M$? What are examples except for (products of) spheres?
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Topological rigidity of compact manifolds in dimension three

The Borel Conjecture asserts that homotopy equivalent aspherical closed manifolds are homeomorphic, which is still open in general. But, for three-dimensional manifolds, this conjecture holds (I ...
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Will the rank of fundemantal 3 manifold be decreased is I module the n(n>1) times of a element?

I am doing some rank control about the fundamental group of a 3 dim hyperbolic orbifold. After cuting out the regular neighborhood of all the singularity, I get a manifold with imcompressible boundary....
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Trace identities and the Kauffman Bracket skein module

Let's consider $K_t(M)$, the Kauffman bracket skein module (see this and this papers) of a three-manifold $M$. When $t=-1$, $K_t(M)$ is easily seen to be isomorphic to the ring of functions on the ...
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A question about Dehn filling in the unknot.

Hello, If you have a link of 2 components $U$ and $V$ in $S^3$. $U$ is the unknot, and you make $1/q$ dehn filling in $U$, you can visualize the resulting knot $V'$ from $V$, by twisting it $q$ ...
316 views

What is the behaviour of a smooth 3-manifold acting by a circle?

As Mumford pointed out in his paper 'Topology of Normal Singularities and a Criterion for Simplicity'(1961), every point $p$ on a normal complex surface $V$ has an associated 3-manifold $M$ which is ...
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Residual Finiteness of Fundamental Group of Compact 3-Manifold

Hempel, in his 1987 article "Residual Finiteness for 3-Manifolds", shows that if $M$ is a compact Haken 3-manifold, then $\pi_1(M)$ is residually finite. The outline of the proof is basically: ...
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Generalization of Moise's theorem

I am looking for a generalization of Moise's theorem, which the few professors that I asked treat as a "known geometric fact" but none could find a reference to an article proving it. The claim is ...
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I'm currently studying some problems about the Whitehead manifold $W$ (the open 3-manifold which is contractible but not homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^3$). Does there exists some survey paper on its ...
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Do homeomorphisms of boundary components of 3-manifolds extend to the manifold?

The question that I'd like to answer can be generalized to the following: if $M$ is an orientable 3-manifold and $F$ is a boundary component of $M$ (which may have other boundary components), can an ...
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Fundamental groups of closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds are freely indecomposable

I believe the following statement is true, and I've even seen it referenced here. Could someone point me to a proof? The fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold is not a free product.
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Heegaard splitting, equivalent homeomorphisms, mapping class group of genus n-torus

Given a Heegaard splitting of genus $n$, and two distinct orientation preserving homeomorphisms, elements of the mapping class group of the genus $n$ torus, is there a method which shows whether or ...
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Do the results of (1/n)-surgery determine the link?…

Knowing the result of knot surgery is often not enough to determine the knot. Indeed, there are 3-manifolds admitting an infinite number of descriptions as surgery on a (1-component) knot in $S^3$. ...
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Maximal euler characteristic of surfaces bounding two fixed curves

Let $\gamma_0$ and $\gamma_1$ be two simple closed curves in a closed surface $S$. What is the maximum Euler characteristic of a compact properly embedded surface $\Sigma \subset S\times [0,1]$ ...
314 views

Ramified cover of 3-ball

I it true that any connected oriented 3-manifold with nonempty boundary can be obtained as a ramified cover of 3-ball with a ramification at a link? link = a 1-dimensional submanifold with possibly ...
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Detecting a cover of the figure-8 knot complement

I have a specific concrete example of a complete, finite volume, cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$, and I am trying to determine whether or not $M$ is a cover of the figure-8 knot complement (call this ...
437 views

In a contact manifold, is every tranverse 1-foliation given by some Reeb vector field?

Let $M$ be a contact manifold, and let $F$ be an oriented 1-dimensional foliation that is transverse to the contact structure. Is there a contact form $\alpha$ whose associated Reeb vector field ...
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Lower bound on number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a knot complement

Following along a similar line to the question asked here: Is there an explicit bound on the number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a hyperbolic 3-manifold of volume V? Let $K$ be a (hyperbolic) ...
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Is the cut locus of a generic point in a hyperbolic manifold a generic polyhedron?

Let $p\in M$ be a point in a closed riemannian manifold $M$. Recall that the cut locus of $p$ is the subset of $M$ consisting of all points that are connected to $p$ by at least 2 distance-minimizing ...
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pseudo-Anosov maps on surfaces with boundary

In "Automorphisms of Surfaces after Nielsen & Thurston" by Casson & Bleiler (on pages 75 - 80) they discuss classifying automorphisms of a surface. They show that, if $S$ is a closed ...
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Can all n-manifolds be obtained by gluing finitely many blocks?

Fix a dimension $n\geqslant 2$. Let $S= \{M_1,\ldots, M_k\}$ be a finite set of smooth compact $n$-manifold with boundary. Let us say that a smooth closed $n$-manifold is generated by $S$ if it may ...
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Is the spectrum of closed geodesics in a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold asymptotically homogeneously dense?

It seems to me that the results in this important paper of Kahn-Markovich imply the following fact. Let $M^3$ be any closed hyperbolic 3-manifold. For every $\epsilon > 0$ there is a natural number ...
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Unknotting tunnels in surface bundles

Given a once-punctured surface $F$ and an orientation preserving self homeomorphism $\phi$, let $M_\phi$ be the bundle over $S^1$ with fiber $F$ and monodromy $\phi$. In Sakuma's survey article The ...
366 views

Why do strongly irreducible Heegaard surfaces look like fibers?

I remember hearing somewhere that strongly irreducible Heegaard surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds "look like" fibers. I know that Otal's result about short geodesics in hyperbolic mapping tori being ...
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Totally geodesic surfaces in fibered 3-manifolds

Is there an easy example of a (closed) hyperbolic 3-manifold that fibers over the circle but contains some totally geodesic surface? (Of course such manifolds exist if the 'Virtually Fibered ...
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Geometrization for 3-manifolds that contain two-sided projective planes

Often when people write about the geometrization conjecture they assume (for simplicity) that the manifold is orientable. I never seriously thought of non-orientable 3-manifolds, but while reading ...
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Why is the volume conjecture important?

The volume conjecture, a formula relating hyperbolic volume of a knot complement with the semiclassical limit of a family of coloured Jones polynomials, is widely considered the biggest open problem ...
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Simplifying triangulations of 3-manifolds

Throughout, by finite triangulation I mean a triangulation consisting of a finite number of triangles. Suppose $T$ and $T'$ are finite triangulations of a 3-manifold $M$. We will say that $T'$ is ...
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Let $M^3$ be a rational homology 3-sphere. (i,e, $M^3$ is closed 3-manifold with $H_{*}(M;Q)=H_{*}(S^3;Q)$ As beautifully explained in Ranicki's Algebraic and Geometry surgery book and Davis-Kirk's ...
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Is the 4x5 chessboard complex a link complement?

The 2x3 and 3x4 chessboard complexes (form a square grid of vertices and make a simplex for any set of vertices no two of which are in the same row or column) are a 6-cycle and a triangulated torus ...
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How expensive is knowledge? Knots, Links, 3 and 4-manifold algorithms. [closed]

With geometrization, Rubinstein's 3-sphere recognition algorithm and the Manning algorithm, 3-manifold theory has reached a certain maturity where many questions are "readily" answerable about 3-...