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10
votes
2answers
836 views

Geometrization for 3-manifolds that contain two-sided projective planes

Often when people write about the geometrization conjecture they assume (for simplicity) that the manifold is orientable. I never seriously thought of non-orientable 3-manifolds, but while reading ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the volume conjecture important?

The volume conjecture, a formula relating hyperbolic volume of a knot complement with the semiclassical limit of a family of coloured Jones polynomials, is widely considered the biggest open problem ...
8
votes
2answers
794 views

Simplifying triangulations of 3-manifolds

Throughout, by finite triangulation I mean a triangulation consisting of a finite number of triangles. Suppose $T$ and $T'$ are finite triangulations of a 3-manifold $M$. We will say that $T'$ is ...
5
votes
2answers
623 views

Intutive interpretation about Linking forms

Let $M^3$ be a rational homology 3-sphere. (i,e, $M^3$ is closed 3-manifold with $H_{*}(M;Q)=H_{*}(S^3;Q)$ As beautifully explained in Ranicki's Algebraic and Geometry surgery book and Davis-Kirk's ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the 4x5 chessboard complex a link complement?

The 2x3 and 3x4 chessboard complexes (form a square grid of vertices and make a simplex for any set of vertices no two of which are in the same row or column) are a 6-cycle and a triangulated torus ...
21
votes
3answers
1k views

How expensive is knowledge? Knots, Links, 3 and 4-manifold algorithms. [closed]

With geometrization, Rubinstein's 3-sphere recognition algorithm and the Manning algorithm, 3-manifold theory has reached a certain maturity where many questions are "readily" answerable about ...
40
votes
13answers
6k views

What are some of the big open problems in 3-manifold theory?

From what I understand, the geometrization theorem and its proof helped to settle a lot of outstanding questions about the geometry and topology of 3-manifolds, but there still seems to be quite a lot ...
39
votes
3answers
2k views

Kirby calculus and local moves

Every orientable 3-manifold can be obtained from the 3-sphere by doing surgery along a framed link. Kirby's theorem says that the surgery along two framed links gives homeomorphic manifolds if and ...
5
votes
1answer
357 views

Rotation part of short geodesics in hyperbolic mapping tori

Otal [Sur le nouage des géodésiques dans les variétés hyperboliques. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Sér. I Math. 320 (1995), no. 7, 847--852.] showed that "short" simple closed geodesics in 3-dimensional ...
21
votes
2answers
2k views

Level sets of Morse functions

Every compact two dimensional manifold admits a Morse function such that any its regular level set is at most two circles. I am interested in a generalization of that phenomenon. Does there exist a ...
5
votes
1answer
445 views

Is a simple loop in a spine of a strongly irreducible Heegaard splitting primitive in the fundamental group?

Let $\gamma$ be a simple loop in a spine of a strongly irreducible Heegaard splitting of a closed 3-manifold $M$ with torsion-free fundamental group. Does $\gamma$ necessarily correspond to a ...
6
votes
4answers
550 views

Do you know how to construct a compact hyperbolic 3-manifold with three or four totally geodesic boundary components?

Do you know how to construct a compact hyperbolic 3-manifold with three or four totally geodesic boundary components? The only constructions I could find have one boundary component. A reference ...
30
votes
2answers
2k views

Drawing of the eight Thurston geometries?

Do you know of a picture, drawing, or other concise visual representation of the eight three-dimensional Thurston geometries? I am imagining something akin to the standard picture (of a sphere, ...
9
votes
5answers
836 views

Möbius and projective 3-manifolds

A projective 3-manifold is a smooth manifold that admits an atlas with values in the real projective 3-space such that all transition maps are restrictions of projective transformations. A Möbius ...
13
votes
2answers
482 views

The kernel of the map from the handlebody group to Outer automorphisms of a free group

Let $K$ be a compact oriented 3-dimensional handlebody of genus $g$. The group $H_g$ of isotopy classes of diffeomorphisms of $K$ is called the handlebody group. (It embeds as a subgroup of the ...
9
votes
0answers
228 views

Krull rings and determinantal invariants

During another attempt to come to grips with Hillman's excellent book Algebraic Invariants of Links, I am having difficulty figuring out why Krull rings are the setting for Chapter 3- the natural ...
3
votes
2answers
424 views

SU(2) representations of alternating knot groups

Suppose that $K$ is an $\textit{alternating}$ knot in $S^3$, and let $R_0$ be the space of homomorphisms from $\pi_1(S^3 - K)\to SU(2)$ which send meridians to trace free matrices. Denote the subset ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

Proofs of Kirby's theorem

Each orientable 3-manifold can be obtained by doing surgery along a framed link in the 3-sphere. Kirby's theorem says that two framed links give homeomorphic manifolds if and only if they are obtained ...
13
votes
1answer
804 views

$SL_2 R$ Casson invariant?

Casson's invariant is an invariant of a homology 3-sphere, obtained by ``counting" representations of the fundamental group into $SU(2)$. I was wondering if there is an analogous invariant counting ...
16
votes
6answers
1k views

Tetrahedra with prescribed face angles

I am looking for an analogue for the following 2 dimensional fact: Given 3 angles $\alpha,\beta,\gamma\in (0;\pi)$ there is always a triangle with these prescribed angles. It is ...
8
votes
1answer
553 views

$Spin^c$-Dirac-operator on the 3-torus

Consider the spinc structure on the flat standard 3-torus, which you get from the trivial (or any other) spin structure. Its associated vector bundle can be identified with a trivial bundle with fibre ...
3
votes
3answers
664 views

What do you call the product of a circle and an annulus?

What would you call the product of an annulus and $S^1$ (a 'thickened' torus like 3-manifold)? More generally, is there an archive or list online of names assigned to various (non-standard) manifolds ...
6
votes
2answers
483 views

A conjecture of Montesinos

Not every orientable 3-manifold is a double cover of $S^3$ branched over a link. For example, the 3-torus isn't. However, in 1975 Montesinos conjectured (Surjery on links and double branched covers of ...
2
votes
2answers
410 views

Branched coverings over orbifolds with reflector lines

It is well known that if $F\to B$ is a $n$-finite branched covering over an orbifold with cone-points then the orbifold Euler's characteristics are related via ...
6
votes
1answer
302 views

Residual finiteness for graph manifold groups

Is there a simple proof that 3-dimensional graph manifolds have residually finite fundamental groups? By "simple" I mean the proof that does not use any hard 3d topology. I care because I wish to ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Diffeomorphism of 3-manifolds

Surgery theory aims to measure the difference between simple homotopy types and diffeomorphism types. In 3 dimensions, geometrization achieves something much more nuanced than that. Still, I wonder ...
10
votes
3answers
814 views

Flat SU(2) bundles over hyperbolic 3-manifolds

Can someone give me a non-trivial example of a flat SU(2)-connection over a compact orientable hyperbolic 3-manifold? The literature on such bundles over 3-manifolds is huge and my naive searches ...
5
votes
2answers
354 views

Contracting maps of hyperbolic manifolds

Is it possible for SOME positive $c$, $c<1$ to find a pair of COMPACT hyperbolic manfiolds $M^3$ and $N^3$ with a positive degree map $$f: M^3 \to N^3,$$ such that $f$ is contacting with constant ...
2
votes
3answers
582 views

Reducible 3d torus bundles

Here reducible means that the mapping class for the fiber is a reducible auto-homeomorph in the sense of Nielsen-Thruston. So, could anyone give me a hint to classify them? In contrast, do you agree ...
2
votes
3answers
661 views

Two solid N_3 glued by its boundary

Let $N_3$ be the genus three non orientable surface. Do we have an analogous 3d manifold as the solid torus and the solid Klein bottle for $N_3$? I don't see how to extend the ideas related to the 3d ...