The 3-manifolds tag has no wiki summary.

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### Heegaard splitting of covering hyperbolic manifold.

I am curious about how the Heegaard genus changes after a finite covering.
Is there anyone constructing an closed hyperbolic 3-manifold $N$ such that
the Heegaard genus of a finite covering of $N$ ...

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**1**answer

340 views

### Explicit tetrahedralizations of closed 3-manifolds and connections between convex polytopes and hyperbolic knot complements

There are three consistent ways to glue opposite faces of a dodecahedron to get a closed 3-manifold. With a $\frac{1}{10}$ twist we receive the Poincaré dodecahedral space, with a $\frac{3}{10}$ twist ...

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**1**answer

432 views

### 3-manifold theorem reference request or proof

The following is a theorem of which I have great interest in but cannot find anything about on the internet,
Every 3-manifold of finite volume comes from identifying sides of some polyhedron
I'm ...

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**3**answers

698 views

### 3-manifolds with solvable fundamental group

Is there a nice reference for the classification of closed 3-manifolds with solvable (nilpotent, abelian, etc.) fundamental group, assuming the Geometrization Conjecture?

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**1**answer

1k views

### Question about Thurston's paper “A norm for the homology of 3-manifolds”

I have a question about the proof of Theorem 5 in Thurston's paper "A norm for the homology of 3-manifolds". It's the theorem that asserts that the fibered faces are, well, fibered. More precisely, ...

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**0**answers

579 views

### Expository accounts of the Thurston norm

Other than Thurston's original paper (which I find quite hard to read), are there any expositions of the basic properties of the Thurston norm? In particular, I'm interested in a proof of his ...

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**1**answer

199 views

### Mapping torus relative to an infinite orbit can be hyperbolic with finite volume?

Consider a homeomorphism of the sphere with an infinite orbit converging forwards and backwards to the same point. Remove the orbit and the accumulation point and make the mapping torus. Can the ...

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**1**answer

913 views

### Diffeomorphisms vs homeomorphisms of 3-manifolds

For a smooth 3-manifold $M$, is the natural map from the space of diffeomorphisms of $M$ to the space of homeomorphisms of $M$,
$${\sf Diff}(M) \longrightarrow {\sf Top}(M),$$
a weak homotopy ...

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**1**answer

663 views

### Dehn surgery on handlebody

Assume $V$ is a handlebody and $C$ be a simple closed curve contained in the interior of $V$.
As Sam said, there exists some simple closed curve such that every dehn surgery along it produces a ...

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**1**answer

277 views

### what is the meaning of “inseparable” in this case

Let $i:T^{2}\rightarrow S^{1}\times S^{2}$ be an embedding map.
If $i(T^{2})$ is inseparable in $S^{1}\times S^{2}$, then $S^{1}\times S^{2}-i(T^{2})\cong (O\cup K)^{c}$. Here $(O\cup K)^{c}$ is a two ...

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519 views

### Questions on 3-manifolds with a given boundary

I have the following question:
For a given two-dimensional Riemann surface $C$,
Is there a way to classify all topologically distinct
three-dimensional compact manifolds $M$ whose boundary is $C$,
...

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**1**answer

341 views

### Smooth structures on closed $3$-manifolds are unique up to diffeomorphism?

Hi!
I'm using the theorem stated in the question, but so far, I haven't found a source that does explicitely state and prove it or at least give a proper citation. It must be me though, since the ...

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**3**answers

585 views

### what is the meaning of a curve $C$ representing Identity in fundamental group?

Suppose $M$ is a closed 3-manifold, $C\subset M$ is a simple closed curve which represent identity in $\pi_{1}(M)$. Then $C$ bounds an immersed disk in $M$.
My question is:
When does it bound an ...

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**2**answers

659 views

### How to see isometries of figure 8 knot complement

The figure 8 knot complement $M$ is the orientable double cover of the Gieseking manifold, which implies that $M$ has a fixed-point free involution. If we think of $M$ with its hyperbolic metric, this ...

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**1**answer

124 views

### is very compact P^2-irreducible 3-manifold homotopy equivalent to a sphere or cell-quotient?

is very compact $P^2$-irreducible 3-manifold homotopy equivalent to a sphere or cell-quotient?

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**1**answer

282 views

### The Tubular Neighborhood of a Closed Geodesic

Suppose $M_{g}$ is the mapping torus $\Sigma_{g} \times [0, 1]/ (x, 0) \equiv (\tau x, 1)$, where $\Sigma_{g}$ is the hyperbolic space with genus $g,$ and $\tau : \Sigma_{g} \to \Sigma_{g}$ is an ...

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293 views

### $S^1$-action in three dimensions

Let $M$ be a closed, orientable 3-manifold with a non-trivial differentiable $S^1$-action.
What does this imply for $M$? What are examples except for (products of) spheres?

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**1**answer

465 views

### Topological rigidity of compact manifolds in dimension three

The Borel Conjecture asserts that homotopy equivalent aspherical closed manifolds are homeomorphic, which is still open in general.
But, for three-dimensional manifolds, this conjecture holds (I ...

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**1**answer

103 views

### Will the rank of fundemantal 3 manifold be decreased is I module the n(n>1) times of a element?

I am doing some rank control about the fundamental group of a 3 dim hyperbolic orbifold. After cuting out the regular neighborhood of all the singularity, I get a manifold with imcompressible ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Incompressible surfaces in an open subset of R^3

Let $U$ be a connected open subset of $\mathbb R^3$. Furthermore, we have:
$\mathbb R^3\setminus U$ has exactly two connected components (thus by Alexander duality, $H_2(U;\mathbb Z)=\mathbb Z$).
...

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**1**answer

365 views

### What is known rigoruously about the semiclassical (k to infinity) limit of WRT invariants?

To each closed $3$-manifold $N$, there is a corresponding Witten--Reshetikhin--Turaev invariant $Z_k(N)$ depending on an integer $k$ (the level) and a Lie group $G$ (and perhaps we'll just concentrate ...

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**3**answers

592 views

### Polynomial Vector Fields on the 3-Sphere

EDIT(3): I am looking for a basis for the Lie algebra of polynomial vector fields on $S^3$.
EDIT(2): I am fairly certain now that my question is more along the lines of, what does the Lie algebra of ...

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647 views

### Where are $+$, $-$ and $\infty$ in bordered Heegaard-Floer theory?

Here goes my first MO-question. I've just read Lipshitz, Ozsváth and Thurston's recently updated "A tour of bordered Floer theory". To set the stage let me give two quotes from this paper.
...

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**2**answers

336 views

### Does a homeomorphism of $S^1 \times S^2$ which is homotopy to the identity has to isotope to it?

I guess the question can be asked for all manifolds. But I am particularly interested in $S^1 \times S^2$ right now. Concrete example preferrd.

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424 views

### Embedding the product of three circles in the 4-sphere.

Let $M$ be a smooth submanifold of the 4-sphere $S^4$. I'm going to demand that $M$ be diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times S^1 \times S^1$. By Jordan-Brouwer separation, $M$ separates the 4-sphere into ...

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1k views

### What is the three-dimensional hyperbolic volume of a four-manifold?

Every smooth closed orientable 4-manifold may be constructed via a handle decomposition. Before asking a couple of questions, I recall some well-known facts about handle-decompositions of 4-manifolds.
...

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**1**answer

300 views

### 3-orbifolds with a Seifert geometry that are not actually Seifert fibered

It is well-known that Seifert fibered $3$--manifolds are geometric: they admit one of the Thurston geometries $S^2 \times R$, $R^3$, $H^2 \times R$, $S^3$, $Nil$, and $PSL(2,R)$. Furthermore, the ...

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623 views

### Is a compact, connected, orientable 3-manifold with $\mathbb{Z}^K$ fundemental group uniquely determined?

According to the Kneser-Milnor prime decomposition theorem for 3-manifolds, any compact, connected, orientable 3-manifold $M$ is diffeomorphic to $S^3 / \Gamma_1$ # $\cdots$ # $S^3/ \Gamma_n$ # $(S^2 ...

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599 views

### Trace identities and the Kauffman Bracket skein module

Let's consider $K_t(M)$, the Kauffman bracket skein module (see this and this papers) of a three-manifold $M$. When $t=-1$, $K_t(M)$ is easily seen to be isomorphic to the ring of functions on the ...

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307 views

### A question about Dehn filling in the unknot.

Hello,
If you have a link of 2 components $U$ and $V$ in $S^3$. $U$ is the unknot, and you make $1/q$ dehn filling in $U$, you can visualize the resulting knot $V'$ from $V$, by twisting it $q$ ...

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308 views

### What is the behaviour of a smooth 3-manifold acting by a circle?

As Mumford pointed out in his paper 'Topology of Normal Singularities and a Criterion for Simplicity'(1961), every point $p$ on a normal complex surface $V$ has an associated 3-manifold $M$ which is ...

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721 views

### Residual Finiteness of Fundamental Group of Compact 3-Manifold

Hempel, in his 1987 article "Residual Finiteness for 3-Manifolds", shows that if $M$ is a compact Haken 3-manifold, then $\pi_1(M)$ is residually finite. The outline of the proof is basically:
...

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**1**answer

419 views

### Generalization of Moise's theorem

I am looking for a generalization of Moise's theorem, which the few professors that I asked treat as a "known geometric fact" but none could find a reference to an article proving it.
The claim is ...

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**1**answer

582 views

### Geometry of Whitehead manifolds.

I'm currently studying some problems about the Whitehead manifold $W$ (the open 3-manifold which is contractible but not homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^3$). Does there exists some survey paper on its ...

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409 views

### Do homeomorphisms of boundary components of 3-manifolds extend to the manifold?

The question that I'd like to answer can be generalized to the following: if $M$ is an orientable 3-manifold and $F$ is a boundary component of $M$ (which may have other boundary components), can an ...

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582 views

### Fundamental groups of closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds are freely indecomposable

I believe the following statement is true, and I've even seen it referenced here. Could someone point me to a proof?
The fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold is not a free product.
...

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705 views

### Heegaard splitting, equivalent homeomorphisms, mapping class group of genus n-torus

Given a Heegaard splitting of genus $n$, and two distinct orientation preserving homeomorphisms, elements of the mapping class group of the genus $n$ torus, is there a method which shows whether or ...

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435 views

### Do the results of (1/n)-surgery determine the link?…

Knowing the result of knot surgery is often not enough to determine the knot. Indeed, there are 3-manifolds admitting an infinite number of descriptions as surgery on a (1-component) knot in $S^3$. ...

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598 views

### Maximal euler characteristic of surfaces bounding two fixed curves

Let $\gamma_0$ and $\gamma_1$ be two simple closed curves in a closed surface $S$.
What is the maximum Euler characteristic of a compact properly embedded surface $\Sigma \subset S\times [0,1]$ ...

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**1**answer

308 views

### Ramified cover of 3-ball

I it true that any connected oriented 3-manifold with nonempty boundary can be obtained as a ramified cover of 3-ball with a ramification at a link?
link = a 1-dimensional submanifold with possibly ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Detecting a cover of the figure-8 knot complement

I have a specific concrete example of a complete, finite volume, cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$, and I am trying to determine whether or not $M$ is a cover of the figure-8 knot complement (call this ...

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403 views

### In a contact manifold, is every tranverse 1-foliation given by some Reeb vector field?

Let $M$ be a contact manifold, and let $F$ be an oriented 1-dimensional foliation that is transverse to the contact structure.
Is there a contact form $\alpha$ whose associated Reeb vector field ...

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**1**answer

558 views

### Lower bound on number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a knot complement

Following along a similar line to the question asked here: Is there an explicit bound on the number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a hyperbolic 3-manifold of volume V?
Let $K$ be a (hyperbolic) ...

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699 views

### Is the cut locus of a generic point in a hyperbolic manifold a generic polyhedron?

Let $p\in M$ be a point in a closed riemannian manifold $M$. Recall that the cut locus of $p$ is the subset of $M$ consisting of all points that are connected to $p$ by at least 2 distance-minimizing ...

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**1**answer

353 views

### pseudo-Anosov maps on surfaces with boundary

In "Automorphisms of Surfaces after Nielsen & Thurston" by Casson & Bleiler (on pages 75 - 80) they discuss classifying automorphisms of a surface. They show that, if $S$ is a closed ...

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2k views

### Can all n-manifolds be obtained by gluing finitely many blocks?

Fix a dimension $n\geqslant 2$. Let $S= \{M_1,\ldots, M_k\}$ be a finite set of smooth compact $n$-manifold with boundary. Let us say that a smooth closed $n$-manifold is generated by $S$ if it may ...

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### Is the spectrum of closed geodesics in a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold asymptotically homogeneously dense?

It seems to me that the results in this important paper of Kahn-Markovich imply the following fact. Let $M^3$ be any closed hyperbolic 3-manifold. For every $\epsilon > 0$ there is a natural number ...

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353 views

### Unknotting tunnels in surface bundles

Given a once-punctured surface $F$ and an orientation preserving self homeomorphism $\phi$, let $M_\phi$ be the bundle over $S^1$ with fiber $F$ and monodromy $\phi$.
In Sakuma's survey article The ...

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354 views

### Why do strongly irreducible Heegaard surfaces look like fibers?

I remember hearing somewhere that strongly irreducible Heegaard surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds "look like" fibers.
I know that Otal's result about short geodesics in hyperbolic mapping tori being ...

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1k views

### Totally geodesic surfaces in fibered 3-manifolds

Is there an easy example of a (closed) hyperbolic 3-manifold that fibers over the circle but contains some totally geodesic surface?
(Of course such manifolds exist if the 'Virtually Fibered ...