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13
votes
2answers
352 views

Heegaard splitting of covering hyperbolic manifold.

I am curious about how the Heegaard genus changes after a finite covering. Is there anyone constructing an closed hyperbolic 3-manifold $N$ such that the Heegaard genus of a finite covering of $N$ ...
2
votes
1answer
340 views

Explicit tetrahedralizations of closed 3-manifolds and connections between convex polytopes and hyperbolic knot complements

There are three consistent ways to glue opposite faces of a dodecahedron to get a closed 3-manifold. With a $\frac{1}{10}$ twist we receive the Poincaré dodecahedral space, with a $\frac{3}{10}$ twist ...
0
votes
1answer
432 views

3-manifold theorem reference request or proof

The following is a theorem of which I have great interest in but cannot find anything about on the internet, Every 3-manifold of finite volume comes from identifying sides of some polyhedron I'm ...
15
votes
3answers
698 views

3-manifolds with solvable fundamental group

Is there a nice reference for the classification of closed 3-manifolds with solvable (nilpotent, abelian, etc.) fundamental group, assuming the Geometrization Conjecture?
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Question about Thurston's paper “A norm for the homology of 3-manifolds”

I have a question about the proof of Theorem 5 in Thurston's paper "A norm for the homology of 3-manifolds". It's the theorem that asserts that the fibered faces are, well, fibered. More precisely, ...
6
votes
0answers
579 views

Expository accounts of the Thurston norm

Other than Thurston's original paper (which I find quite hard to read), are there any expositions of the basic properties of the Thurston norm? In particular, I'm interested in a proof of his ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

Mapping torus relative to an infinite orbit can be hyperbolic with finite volume?

Consider a homeomorphism of the sphere with an infinite orbit converging forwards and backwards to the same point. Remove the orbit and the accumulation point and make the mapping torus. Can the ...
18
votes
1answer
913 views

Diffeomorphisms vs homeomorphisms of 3-manifolds

For a smooth 3-manifold $M$, is the natural map from the space of diffeomorphisms of $M$ to the space of homeomorphisms of $M$, $${\sf Diff}(M) \longrightarrow {\sf Top}(M),$$ a weak homotopy ...
5
votes
1answer
663 views

Dehn surgery on handlebody

Assume $V$ is a handlebody and $C$ be a simple closed curve contained in the interior of $V$. As Sam said, there exists some simple closed curve such that every dehn surgery along it produces a ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

what is the meaning of “inseparable” in this case

Let $i:T^{2}\rightarrow S^{1}\times S^{2}$ be an embedding map. If $i(T^{2})$ is inseparable in $S^{1}\times S^{2}$, then $S^{1}\times S^{2}-i(T^{2})\cong (O\cup K)^{c}$. Here $(O\cup K)^{c}$ is a two ...
5
votes
3answers
519 views

Questions on 3-manifolds with a given boundary

I have the following question: For a given two-dimensional Riemann surface $C$, Is there a way to classify all topologically distinct three-dimensional compact manifolds $M$ whose boundary is $C$, ...
1
vote
1answer
341 views

Smooth structures on closed $3$-manifolds are unique up to diffeomorphism?

Hi! I'm using the theorem stated in the question, but so far, I haven't found a source that does explicitely state and prove it or at least give a proper citation. It must be me though, since the ...
2
votes
3answers
585 views

what is the meaning of a curve $C$ representing Identity in fundamental group?

Suppose $M$ is a closed 3-manifold, $C\subset M$ is a simple closed curve which represent identity in $\pi_{1}(M)$. Then $C$ bounds an immersed disk in $M$. My question is: When does it bound an ...
12
votes
2answers
659 views

How to see isometries of figure 8 knot complement

The figure 8 knot complement $M$ is the orientable double cover of the Gieseking manifold, which implies that $M$ has a fixed-point free involution. If we think of $M$ with its hyperbolic metric, this ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

is very compact P^2-irreducible 3-manifold homotopy equivalent to a sphere or cell-quotient?

is very compact $P^2$-irreducible 3-manifold homotopy equivalent to a sphere or cell-quotient?
2
votes
1answer
282 views

The Tubular Neighborhood of a Closed Geodesic

Suppose $M_{g}$ is the mapping torus $\Sigma_{g} \times [0, 1]/ (x, 0) \equiv (\tau x, 1)$, where $\Sigma_{g}$ is the hyperbolic space with genus $g,$ and $\tau : \Sigma_{g} \to \Sigma_{g}$ is an ...
6
votes
2answers
293 views

$S^1$-action in three dimensions

Let $M$ be a closed, orientable 3-manifold with a non-trivial differentiable $S^1$-action. What does this imply for $M$? What are examples except for (products of) spheres?
8
votes
1answer
465 views

Topological rigidity of compact manifolds in dimension three

The Borel Conjecture asserts that homotopy equivalent aspherical closed manifolds are homeomorphic, which is still open in general. But, for three-dimensional manifolds, this conjecture holds (I ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Will the rank of fundemantal 3 manifold be decreased is I module the n(n>1) times of a element?

I am doing some rank control about the fundamental group of a 3 dim hyperbolic orbifold. After cuting out the regular neighborhood of all the singularity, I get a manifold with imcompressible ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Incompressible surfaces in an open subset of R^3

Let $U$ be a connected open subset of $\mathbb R^3$. Furthermore, we have: $\mathbb R^3\setminus U$ has exactly two connected components (thus by Alexander duality, $H_2(U;\mathbb Z)=\mathbb Z$). ...
4
votes
1answer
365 views

What is known rigoruously about the semiclassical (k to infinity) limit of WRT invariants?

To each closed $3$-manifold $N$, there is a corresponding Witten--Reshetikhin--Turaev invariant $Z_k(N)$ depending on an integer $k$ (the level) and a Lie group $G$ (and perhaps we'll just concentrate ...
3
votes
3answers
592 views

Polynomial Vector Fields on the 3-Sphere

EDIT(3): I am looking for a basis for the Lie algebra of polynomial vector fields on $S^3$. EDIT(2): I am fairly certain now that my question is more along the lines of, what does the Lie algebra of ...
13
votes
1answer
647 views

Where are $+$, $-$ and $\infty$ in bordered Heegaard-Floer theory?

Here goes my first MO-question. I've just read Lipshitz, Ozsváth and Thurston's recently updated "A tour of bordered Floer theory". To set the stage let me give two quotes from this paper. ...
4
votes
2answers
336 views

Does a homeomorphism of $S^1 \times S^2$ which is homotopy to the identity has to isotope to it?

I guess the question can be asked for all manifolds. But I am particularly interested in $S^1 \times S^2$ right now. Concrete example preferrd.
10
votes
2answers
424 views

Embedding the product of three circles in the 4-sphere.

Let $M$ be a smooth submanifold of the 4-sphere $S^4$. I'm going to demand that $M$ be diffeomorphic to $S^1 \times S^1 \times S^1$. By Jordan-Brouwer separation, $M$ separates the 4-sphere into ...
27
votes
0answers
1k views

What is the three-dimensional hyperbolic volume of a four-manifold?

Every smooth closed orientable 4-manifold may be constructed via a handle decomposition. Before asking a couple of questions, I recall some well-known facts about handle-decompositions of 4-manifolds. ...
7
votes
1answer
300 views

3-orbifolds with a Seifert geometry that are not actually Seifert fibered

It is well-known that Seifert fibered $3$--manifolds are geometric: they admit one of the Thurston geometries $S^2 \times R$, $R^3$, $H^2 \times R$, $S^3$, $Nil$, and $PSL(2,R)$. Furthermore, the ...
3
votes
3answers
623 views

Is a compact, connected, orientable 3-manifold with $\mathbb{Z}^K$ fundemental group uniquely determined?

According to the Kneser-Milnor prime decomposition theorem for 3-manifolds, any compact, connected, orientable 3-manifold $M$ is diffeomorphic to $S^3 / \Gamma_1$ # $\cdots$ # $S^3/ \Gamma_n$ # $(S^2 ...
5
votes
1answer
599 views

Trace identities and the Kauffman Bracket skein module

Let's consider $K_t(M)$, the Kauffman bracket skein module (see this and this papers) of a three-manifold $M$. When $t=-1$, $K_t(M)$ is easily seen to be isomorphic to the ring of functions on the ...
3
votes
1answer
307 views

A question about Dehn filling in the unknot.

Hello, If you have a link of 2 components $U$ and $V$ in $S^3$. $U$ is the unknot, and you make $1/q$ dehn filling in $U$, you can visualize the resulting knot $V'$ from $V$, by twisting it $q$ ...
3
votes
0answers
308 views

What is the behaviour of a smooth 3-manifold acting by a circle?

As Mumford pointed out in his paper 'Topology of Normal Singularities and a Criterion for Simplicity'(1961), every point $p$ on a normal complex surface $V$ has an associated 3-manifold $M$ which is ...
5
votes
2answers
721 views

Residual Finiteness of Fundamental Group of Compact 3-Manifold

Hempel, in his 1987 article "Residual Finiteness for 3-Manifolds", shows that if $M$ is a compact Haken 3-manifold, then $\pi_1(M)$ is residually finite. The outline of the proof is basically: ...
5
votes
1answer
419 views

Generalization of Moise's theorem

I am looking for a generalization of Moise's theorem, which the few professors that I asked treat as a "known geometric fact" but none could find a reference to an article proving it. The claim is ...
7
votes
1answer
582 views

Geometry of Whitehead manifolds.

I'm currently studying some problems about the Whitehead manifold $W$ (the open 3-manifold which is contractible but not homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^3$). Does there exists some survey paper on its ...
1
vote
2answers
409 views

Do homeomorphisms of boundary components of 3-manifolds extend to the manifold?

The question that I'd like to answer can be generalized to the following: if $M$ is an orientable 3-manifold and $F$ is a boundary component of $M$ (which may have other boundary components), can an ...
3
votes
2answers
582 views

Fundamental groups of closed hyperbolic 3-manifolds are freely indecomposable

I believe the following statement is true, and I've even seen it referenced here. Could someone point me to a proof? The fundamental group of a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold is not a free product. ...
4
votes
2answers
705 views

Heegaard splitting, equivalent homeomorphisms, mapping class group of genus n-torus

Given a Heegaard splitting of genus $n$, and two distinct orientation preserving homeomorphisms, elements of the mapping class group of the genus $n$ torus, is there a method which shows whether or ...
8
votes
2answers
435 views

Do the results of (1/n)-surgery determine the link?…

Knowing the result of knot surgery is often not enough to determine the knot. Indeed, there are 3-manifolds admitting an infinite number of descriptions as surgery on a (1-component) knot in $S^3$. ...
14
votes
3answers
598 views

Maximal euler characteristic of surfaces bounding two fixed curves

Let $\gamma_0$ and $\gamma_1$ be two simple closed curves in a closed surface $S$. What is the maximum Euler characteristic of a compact properly embedded surface $\Sigma \subset S\times [0,1]$ ...
9
votes
1answer
308 views

Ramified cover of 3-ball

I it true that any connected oriented 3-manifold with nonempty boundary can be obtained as a ramified cover of 3-ball with a ramification at a link? link = a 1-dimensional submanifold with possibly ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Detecting a cover of the figure-8 knot complement

I have a specific concrete example of a complete, finite volume, cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold $M$, and I am trying to determine whether or not $M$ is a cover of the figure-8 knot complement (call this ...
7
votes
5answers
403 views

In a contact manifold, is every tranverse 1-foliation given by some Reeb vector field?

Let $M$ be a contact manifold, and let $F$ be an oriented 1-dimensional foliation that is transverse to the contact structure. Is there a contact form $\alpha$ whose associated Reeb vector field ...
9
votes
1answer
558 views

Lower bound on number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a knot complement

Following along a similar line to the question asked here: Is there an explicit bound on the number of tetrahedra needed to triangulate a hyperbolic 3-manifold of volume V? Let $K$ be a (hyperbolic) ...
10
votes
3answers
699 views

Is the cut locus of a generic point in a hyperbolic manifold a generic polyhedron?

Let $p\in M$ be a point in a closed riemannian manifold $M$. Recall that the cut locus of $p$ is the subset of $M$ consisting of all points that are connected to $p$ by at least 2 distance-minimizing ...
0
votes
1answer
353 views

pseudo-Anosov maps on surfaces with boundary

In "Automorphisms of Surfaces after Nielsen & Thurston" by Casson & Bleiler (on pages 75 - 80) they discuss classifying automorphisms of a surface. They show that, if $S$ is a closed ...
22
votes
4answers
2k views

Can all n-manifolds be obtained by gluing finitely many blocks?

Fix a dimension $n\geqslant 2$. Let $S= \{M_1,\ldots, M_k\}$ be a finite set of smooth compact $n$-manifold with boundary. Let us say that a smooth closed $n$-manifold is generated by $S$ if it may ...
8
votes
1answer
448 views

Is the spectrum of closed geodesics in a closed hyperbolic 3-manifold asymptotically homogeneously dense?

It seems to me that the results in this important paper of Kahn-Markovich imply the following fact. Let $M^3$ be any closed hyperbolic 3-manifold. For every $\epsilon > 0$ there is a natural number ...
5
votes
2answers
353 views

Unknotting tunnels in surface bundles

Given a once-punctured surface $F$ and an orientation preserving self homeomorphism $\phi$, let $M_\phi$ be the bundle over $S^1$ with fiber $F$ and monodromy $\phi$. In Sakuma's survey article The ...
1
vote
1answer
354 views

Why do strongly irreducible Heegaard surfaces look like fibers?

I remember hearing somewhere that strongly irreducible Heegaard surfaces in hyperbolic 3-manifolds "look like" fibers. I know that Otal's result about short geodesics in hyperbolic mapping tori being ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Totally geodesic surfaces in fibered 3-manifolds

Is there an easy example of a (closed) hyperbolic 3-manifold that fibers over the circle but contains some totally geodesic surface? (Of course such manifolds exist if the 'Virtually Fibered ...