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Let $S$ be a finite set of tetrahedrons in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let $S$ be tetrahedral complex in a sense that if two tetrahedrons intersect, the intersection is a face of both. In what follows we view tetrahedrons and their faces as closed sets in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Let the underlying topological space $|S|$ (domain occupied by all tetrahedrons with the topology inherited from $\mathbb{R}^3$) be manifold with boundary.

Let $T$ be arbitrary subset of tetrahedrons from $S$. Let $\partial T$ consist of those 2-simplices, which are faces of exactly one tetrahedron from $T$. Let $|\partial T|$ be the underlying topological space.

Suppose $|\partial T|$ is homeomorphic to a 2-sphere. Does it follow that $T$ is homeomorphic to a 3d ball? If not, what would be a counter-example?

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Yes, this is Alexander's theorem. This answer was given as part of an answer to your previous question as well. –  Ryan Budney Apr 26 '12 at 20:18
I am voting to close as "spam". –  Igor Rivin Apr 26 '12 at 20:37
In that answer there was additional requirement that $|T|$ is a manifold with boundary. I asked in comments if this requirement could be dropped, and somebody answered "no" without any explanation. –  IL. Apr 26 '12 at 20:44
I would have thought that if a collection of tetrahedra in $\mathbb R^3$ has a manifold boundary, then it is itself a manifold with boundary, since all non-manifold points would have to involve the boundary. –  Jim Conant Apr 26 '12 at 21:37
Jim, yes, that's why I asked if the requirement on $|T|$ could be dropped. –  IL. Apr 26 '12 at 21:46
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