Let $V$ be a Zariski-closed subset of $\mathbb{A}^n_k$, where $k$ is an algebraically closed field. Assume that $V$ may be defined by polynomials of degree at most $d$ (or to put it otherwise $V$ is an intersection of hypersurfaces of degree at most $d$). My question is the following: is it also possible to define the irreducible components of $V$ by polynomials of degree at most $d$?

This is true if $V$ is an hypersurface (the irreducible components are defined by the factors of a polynomial defining $V$), so the answer is positive when $n$ is at most 2. I have managed to prove it in a few other cases but not much and I would appreciate any advice.

There exists algorithms to compute the irreducible components. I have checked a few of them but they could let the degree of generators grow. Any algorithm using Gröbner basis for instance will not fit. For the same reasons, trying to prove the results using projections is probably hopeless, since they may increase the degree of the generators.

A few more remarks:

I am not sure how relevant the fact that $k$ is algebraically closed is, but I suspect there could be very non-trivial arithmetic issues otherwise, even when $V$ is 0-dimensional.

I do not mind to work in the projective space instead of the affine space (it implies the result anyway and makes it easier to deal with degrees).

I do not mind to get the irreducible components only as a set (i.e. the ideal up to a radical).

I tried to make a few computations but found it rather hard. If you know a way to compute the least integer $d$ such that a given Zariski-closed subset may be defined by polynomials of degree $d$, I would also be glad to know.