Mathoverflow has led in several instances to new mathematical work that arose directly from mathematical ideas, questions or answers posted here. Articles containing such work, inspired in fundamental part by mathoverflow material, might be characterized as having been born on mathoverflow.
Let us collect together here references to such work. In each case, please include a link to the relevant mathoverflow post or posts, a link to the mathematical work, for example an article at the math arxiv or the relevant journal, and a very brief summary abstract. (More detailed abstracts would presumably be available for those following the links to the article.)
In order that this question will not become burdened with excessive posts, let's agree to the following principles:
- Please makes posts here only about essentially completed articles, rather than works-in-progress.
- Please make posts here only about articles whose main existence was inspired by mathoverflow, such as a case where the topic of a question or the essence of an answer became the main substance of an article.
- Please do not make posts here concerning articles simply because they cite mathoverflow, or simply because mathoverflow was involved at a critical step of the article, since such citations will eventually become so numerous as to be unremarkable. Rather, make a post here only in connection with an article that could be characterized as essentially about the topic or ideas expressed on mathoverflow and the authors were directly inspired by that mathoverflow material.
Please note the related meta-thread for more general discussion about references to mathoverflow, and Gower's question on breakthroughs that seeks examples of situations where mathoverflow helped a researcher make a critical advance.