This will need expansion by a more knowledgable person, but as memory serves, it was proved by Mayer and Mumford that the closure in Ag of the locus of traditional Jacobians is the set of products of Jacobians. This is probably exposed first in a talk in the 1964 Woods Hole talks on James Milne's site. (I see Mumford credits it there, on page 4 of his talk, in part three of the Woods Hole notes, to Matsusaka and Hoyt. Apparently Mayer and Mumford computed the closure in the Satake compactification.) But let us try to explain this more in dim two.

A two diml ppav is a compact 2 torus A containing a curve C carrying the homology class a1xb1 + a2xb2, where the aj,bj are a basic symplectic homology basis of H1(A).

It follows from the topological Pontrjagin product that the induced map from the Albanese variety of C to A, has topological degree one, hence is an isomorphism. (I.e. the map from the Cartesian product of C with itself g times to A, has image whose class is the g fold Pontrjagin product of [C], which equals g! times the fundamental class of A. Hence the induced map from the g fold symmetric product of C, has image with exactly the fundamental class of A. Hence this map has degree one as does that induced from the Jacobian.)

Since it also induces the identity map on C, it also preserves the polarization.

Let me speculate on the special cases. If C is reducible it is known (Complex abelian varieties and theta functions, George Kempf, p. 89, Cor. 10.4) that A is a product of elliptic curves. If C is irreducible and singular then I guess the normalization map extends to a map of the Albanese of C to A. But that seems to imply the image of C in A does not span, a contradiction.

So it seems that any irreducible curve C contained in a two diml ppav A and carrying the class of a principal polarization, is smooth and induces an isomorphism from the Albanese (i.e. Jacobian) of the curve to the ppav.

I hope there is some useful information in this.