What is the Classifying Space of the Discrete Heisenberg Group? Which paper/book contains a detailed proof?
Thank you for your time.
What is the Classifying Space of the Discrete Heisenberg Group? Which paper/book contains a detailed proof? Thank you for your time. 


As was said by Andy, the classifying space of the discrete Heisenberg group $\Gamma$ is $B\Gamma=G/\Gamma$, where $G$ is the 3dimensional Heisenberg group over the reals. Due to the central extension $$0\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}\rightarrow\Gamma\rightarrow\mathbb{Z}^2\rightarrow 0$$ you may view $B\Gamma$ as a circle bundle over the 2torus. Alternatively, viewing $\Gamma$ as the semidirect product $\Gamma=\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes\mathbb{Z}$, where $\mathbb{Z}$ acts by (powers of) $\left(\begin{array}{cc} 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 \end{array}\right)$, you can view $B\Gamma$ as the mapping torus of this automorphism of $B\mathbb{Z}^2=\mathbb{T}^2$, i.e. as a 2torus bundle over the circle. 


If $\Gamma$ is a finitely generated torsionfree nilpotent group, then Malcev proved that there is a connected nilpotent Lie group $G$ such that $\Gamma$ is a lattice in $G$. The Lie group $G$ is often called the Malcev completion of $\Gamma$. It is an easy exercise to show that a connected simplyconnected nilpotent Lie group is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$. It follows that $G/\Gamma$ is a classifying space for $\Gamma$. The baby example of this is $\Gamma = \mathbb{Z}^n$ and $G = \mathbb{R}^n$, so we obtain the usual $n$torus $\mathbb{R}^n/\mathbb{Z}^n$ for the classifying space of $\mathbb{Z}^n$. Of course, the Malcev completion of the discrete Heisenberg group is the nondiscrete Heisenberg group. 

