MathOverflow is a question and answer site for professional mathematicians. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

My current research took me to the realm of PDE's (which for the long time used to be terra incognita for me as I'am a probabilist). Equations that I'am working with are mostly of second order or Hamilton-Jacobi equations. It's no suprise that I'am dealing with various notions of weak solutions (viscosity solutions mostly) without a hope to get classical solution. So here is my question:

is it possible that equation $F(x,u,Du,D^2u)=0$ which is nondegenerate, nonsingular, with smooth $F$ has some sort of weak solutions (viscosity or other) but doesn't have classical solutions.

I saw many results on regularity of solutions in various settings but none of encountered theorems even seem to get close to answer my question without awkward assumptions. I'd be glad if someone who is familiar with PDE's could tell me if such a general theorems exists nowadays.

share|cite|improve this question
You probably need to say more about what assumptions you consider to be "awkward" and what you don't. There are essentially no theorems about arbitrary nonlinear second order PDE's without some assumption about the PDE type (elliptic, hyperbolic, parabolic, etc.). – Deane Yang Nov 19 '11 at 19:31
3 gives an example of smooth uniformly elliptic $F$ s.t. $F(D^2u)=0$ has a nonsmooth viscosity solution. – pgassiat Nov 20 '11 at 1:05
Thank you for your responses. Work under link provided answer for my question. – Pawel Nov 20 '11 at 14:55
For a clear expository text of viscosity solution in the case of elliptic equation you can have look to the chapter 5 of the book of Qing Han and Fanghua Lin, Elliptic Partial Differential Equations, you have many useful estimate as Harnack inequality or $W^{2,p}$-estimate. – Paul Nov 23 '11 at 9:57

You might also be interested in the general theory of viscosity solutions to second order PDE

I would have posted as a comment but do not have the privilege yet.

share|cite|improve this answer
up vote 0 down vote accepted

Just to make everything clear: the answer for my question is "yes, it is possible".

Appropriate example is in paper under link provided by pgassiat in comments.

share|cite|improve this answer

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.