Characteristic polynomials of Hecke operators $T_\ell$, with $\ell$ prime, acting on cusp forms $S_k$ of level one and weight $k$ "appear to be" squarefree (even irreducible!).

This can be interpreted as follows: if $p$ is any prime, then the $p$-adic Galois representations $\rho_i$, where $1\leq i\leq \dim(S_k)$, attached to eigenforms in $S_k$ "appear to be" pairwise non isomorphic ${\it locally}$ at primes $\ell\neq p$.

This is completely false for other levels. For example in the two dimensional space $S_2(\Gamma_0(37))$, I learn from Magma and Cremona's tables that there are exactly two normalized eigenforms, $f_1$ and $f_2$, with rational coefficients, corresponding to two elliptic curves $E_1$ and $E_2$ defined over $\mathbf{Q}$, of conductor $37$, and uniquely determined up to $Q$-isogeny.

Looking at some Hecke operators on this space, one easily finds examples of $T_\ell$ acting diagonally on $S_2(\Gamma_0(37))$, i.e., examples of primes $\ell\neq 37$ for which the two elliptic curves have $p$-adic Tate modules isomorphic as local Galois modules at $\ell$ (some of the $\ell$'s for which this happens are $7$, $31$, $41$, $101$, $137$, $173$, $179$,..$39769$).

$Q1$: Is it reasonable to suspect that $E_1$ and $E_2$ become isogenous over an extension $F$ of $Q$? If this were the case, then one should see the phenomenon described above for primes $\ell$ that are split in $F$, right?

$Q2$: On the other hand, given an elliptic curve $E$ over $\mathbf{Q}$, what are the known ways to construct more elliptic curves $A$, defined over $\mathbf{Q}$, possibly of the same conductor as $E$, which are not $\mathbf{Q}$-isogenous to $E$ but such that they become so over a non-trivial extension of $Q$?

$Q3$: Can we say why we do not see the above phenomenon in level one?