I have recently retired after being a maths teacher for 35 years. I am interested in finding out what has happened in my subject since I was a student in the early 70's. I am particularly interested in finite algebra and combinatorics. How can I find other people like myself to correspond with and what are good books to start reading?
As far as reading is concerned, there are many areas of combinatorics which either didn't exist in the early 1970s or hardly existed compared to today:
*Additive combinatorics: -Terence Tao, Van Vu. "Additive Combinatorics". Cambridge University Press. revised ed. 2009
*Analytic combinatorics: -Philippe Flajolet, Robert Sedgewick. "Analytic Combinatorics". Cambridge University Press. 2008. Free online edition: http://algo.inria.fr/flajolet/Publications/book.pdf
*Topological combinatorics: -Jiří Matoušek. "Using the Borsuk-Ulam Theorem". Springer. 2003
*Combinatorics on words: -Jean Berstel, Juhani Karhumäki. "Combinatorics on words - a tutorial". http://www-igm.univ-mlv.fr/~berstel/Articles/2003TutorialCoWdec03.pdf
*Category-theoretic combinatorics: -François Bergeron, Gilbert Labelle, Pierre Leroux. "Combinatorial Species and Tree-like Structures". Cambridge University Press. 1998
*The C-finite Ansatz: -Doron Zeilberger. http://www.math.rutgers.edu/~zeilberg/mamarim/mamarimhtml/cfinite.html
Modern books on more classical areas of combinatorics:
*Enumerative combinatorics: -Richard P. Stanley. "Enumerative Combinatorics", Volumes 1 and 2. Cambridge University Press. 1997, 1999, online draft of 2nd Ed of vol 1 2012
*Probabilistic combinatorics: -Noga Alon, Joel H. Spencer. "The Probabilistic Method" 3rd ed. Wiley. 2008
*Matroids: -Neil White. "Theory of Matroids". Cambridge University Press. 2008
*Designs: -Thomas Beth, Dieter Jungnickel, Hanfried Lenz. "Design theory", Volumes 1 and 2. Cambridge University Press, 1999.
For finite algebra and combinatorics together: -Warwick De Launey, Diane Flannery. "Algebraic Design Theory". AMS. 2011
Possible project: investigate how finite algebraic structures interact with other finite structures: search for finite geometries, finite metric spaces, finite topological spaces, finite dynamical systems.
Some simple, humble suggestions to address the part about "how can I find other people like myself..."
Wish you the best.
Gerhard Paseman suggested that I post the comments I made to his post as an answer. I will edit it a bit.)
I suggest that a blog with theme exactly the question of maths in retirement might be quite fun to do. My experience is that some of the web activity which I am involved with is not being done only by full time professional mathematicians. The other contributors have good mathematical credentials and may be retired, out of work(!), or have another job which does not fully fulfill their mathematical interests and they can thus be freer to contribute when the political pressures of having to publish work might otherwise dominate. People who have retired whether from (school) teaching, from lecturing or from industrial mathematics have experience and knowledge that if pooled could be useful for everyone.
As some of you may know, I was `retired' by my university closing the mathematics section in the University of Bangor, but I still do a lot of research and contribute to the n-Lab etc. Retirement does not mean that you stop doing maths if you want to (we all know it is an addiction!) or if your background is in secondary school teaching or in business or industrial mathematics,, that you can not start building up mathematical activity of various sorts. I would not know how to start such a blog, so will not volunteer to do so, but would encourage others to try it out. The exchange of ideas problems etc. could produce some very interesting results.
As I recall, the AMS and/or MAA sometimes have mini-courses at their national meetings intended for mathematicians who want to enter another branch of mathematics as a field of research.
In addition to reading weblogs, as some comments have suggested, you should consider starting your own blog.. If you are discreet about it, you could place the occasional link to your writings in other places. At some point your audience will select your writings and can become the correspondents you desire.
Addition: Tim Porter suggested what I think is an excellent theme for your new blog, 'Mathematics In Retirement'. He didn't tell me where he got the idea though. End Addition.
Gerhard "Ask Me About System Design" Paseman, 2011.08.24
Some more books to read:
*A 2nd edition with a series of appendices outlining recent developments: "General lattice theory", George A. Grätzer, Birkhäuser, 2003
*Kolmogorov Complexity has applications to combinatorics:
-"An introduction to Kolmogorov complexity and its applications", Ming Li, P. M. B. Vitányi, Springer, 2008
*Association schemes have connections to finite groups:
-"Association schemes: designed experiments, algebra, and combinatorics", Rosemary Bailey, Cambridge University Press, 2004
And because there's more to algebra than groups, rings and fields:
-An older book but still: "The Algebraic Theory of Semigroups Vols 1 & 2", A. H. Clifford, G. B. Preston, American Mathematical Soc., 1961
-"An introduction to quasigroups and their representations", Jonathan D. H. Smith, CRC Press, 2007
-"Applications of hyperstructure theory", Authors Piergiulio Corsini, Violeta Leoreanu, Springer, 2003