I believe the following is an elementary example: Let $X$ be an affine smooth curve of geometric genus at least one. Let $L$ be a non-trivial algebraic line bundle
on $X$ (easy to produce such things). Then $L$ is analytically trivial because $X$ is a Stein space ($H^1(X, O_X)=0$) with trivial integral $H^2$. Hence, there is an
analytic isomorphism $L\simeq X\times A^1$. We see that there is no algebraic isomorphism
by noting:

Suppose there is an isomorphism $$f: L\simeq X\times A^1$$
of algebraic varieties. Then $L$ and $X\times A^1$ are isomorphic as algebraic line bundles.

Proof: For any fiber $L_y$ of $L$, if we consider the composite $$p\circ f: L_y\rightarrow X\times A^1 \stackrel{p}{\rightarrow} X$$
of $f$ with the projection, it must be constant, since $X$ is not rational. Hence, we have
$$f(L_y)\subset z\times A^1$$ for some point $z$. Since the map $L_y\rightarrow A^1$ thus obtained is injective,
it must be of the form $ax+b$ for non-zero $a$, that is, $f$ induces an isomorphism
$$L_y\simeq z\times A^1.$$ Also by injectivity, we see that $y\neq y'$ implies
$f(L_y)=z\times A^1$ and $f(L_{y'})=z'\times A^1$ for $z\neq z'$.
Now let $s:X\rightarrow L$ be the zero section. Then $$\phi=p\circ f\circ s: X\rightarrow X$$ is an injective map, and hence,
an automorphism. Thus, $$(\phi^{-1}\times 1)\circ f:L\rightarrow X\times A^1 \stackrel{\phi^{-1}\times 1}{\rightarrow} X\times A^1$$ is a map preserving the fibers of the projections to $X$. Now let $$q:X\times A^1 \rightarrow A^1$$
be the other projection, and $$h=q\circ (\phi^{-1}\times 1)\circ f\circ s.$$ So $h(y)$ is the image in $A^1$ under $(\phi^{-1}\times 1)\circ f$ of the origin of
$L_y$. We use this function to get a fiber-preserving isomorphism $g: X\times A^1\simeq X\times A^1$ that sends
$(y,\lambda )$ to $(y, \lambda-h(y))$. So finally, $$g\circ (\phi^{-1}\times 1)\circ f: L\simeq X\times A^1$$ is a fiber-preserving isomorphism of
varieties that furthermore preserves the origins of each fiber. It must then be fiber-wise
an isomorphism of vector spaces. Thus, it is an isomorphism of line bundles.

Added: The argument above can be easily modified to show that if $X$ is an irrational smooth curve and $L$ and $M$ are line bundles on $X$, then any isomorphism of algebraic varieties $$f:L\simeq M$$ is of the form
$$f=T_s\circ \tilde{\phi} \circ g$$
where $$\tilde{\phi}:\phi^*M\rightarrow M$$ is the base-change map for an automorphism $\phi$ of $X$, $$g:L\simeq \phi^*M$$ is an isomorphism of line bundles, and $$T_s:M\rightarrow M$$ is translation by a section $s:X\rightarrow M$ of $M$.

Since the algebraic automorphism group of an affine irrational curve is finite, we see, by varying $L$, that for $X$ as above, there is in fact a

*continuum* of distinct algebraic structures

on the analytic space $X\times A^1$.