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I am sorry for too naive and stupid question,

How can I express the 2nd Hirzebruch surface, $F_{2}$ in terms of $SO(3)$. Can F_{2} be realizable as the total space of a bundle over $\mathbb{R}_{+}$ with fibre $SO(3)$.

I have to admit that my knowledge of Hirzebruch surfaces is limited to the few lines in the wikipedia page.

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@ Grigory M - Thanks for your reply at SE. I posted this here expecting a quicker response. If the base space if a compact space, say $[a,b]$ or $S^{1}$. Thanks – J Verma Jun 16 '11 at 19:39
up vote 5 down vote accepted

What you want almost works, but with a little twist. The group $SO(3)$ is acting on $F_2$, so that there are two orbits that are $\mathbb CP^1$ and all other orbits are $SO(3)$. More precisely, $F_2$ can be seen as a compactification of $\mathbb R_+\times SO(3)$. Indeed, $F_2$ can be seen as a compactificaton of $(\mathbb C^2\setminus 0)/\pm Id$, and $\mathbb C^2\setminus 0\cong \mathbb R_+\times SU(2)$. Here $\mathbb R_+$ means positive reals.

Details. Each Hirzebruch surface $F_n$ can be obtained by a quotient construction from $F_1$. Recall, that $F_1$ is the surface that is obtained by a blow up of a single point on $\mathbb CP^2$. I.e., we "replace" a point on $\mathbb CP^2$ by $\mathbb CP^1$. Of course we all know that $SU(2)$ is acting on $\mathbb CP^2$ fixing a point and a line at infinity (just take the usual action of $SU(2)$ on $\mathbb C^2$ fixing $0$ and extend it to the action on $\mathbb CP^2$). When we blow up $0$ on $\mathbb CP^2$ the action of $SU(2)$ extends on $F_1$.

Now, $F_n$ can be obtained from $F_1$ by the quotient, $F_n\cong F_1/\mathbb Z_n$, where $\mathbb Z_n$ is the group of scalar matrices generated by $e^{2\pi i/n}\times Id$ acting in the standard way on $\mathbb C^2$ (and hence on $F_1$). Finally, notice that in the case of $F_2$ the corresponding group $\mathbb Z_2$ belongs to $SU(2)$ (since $det(-Id)=1$). And since $SO(3)\cong SU(2)/\mathbb Z_2$ this explains, hopefully, the construction.

Of course all this is completely classical, but I can not give a reference from the top of my head.

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@ Dmitri - Thanks, this is exactly what I wanted. – J Verma Jun 16 '11 at 19:46
Can you say more or suggest some reference about how $F_{2}$ is the compactification of $SO(3) \times \mathbb{R}_{+}$. – J Verma Jun 16 '11 at 19:49
Thanks for the detailed answer. – J Verma Jun 17 '11 at 16:47

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