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I've read in a few different places that the standard fact \[ \text{Nat}\,(F,G) \cong \int_x \text{Hom}\,(Fx,Gx) \] can be upgraded to \[ \textbf{LaxNat}\,(F,G) \cong \oint_x\textbf{Hom}\,(Fx,Gx) \] Where the left hand side is the category of lax natural transformations and modifications, and the right hand side is a lax end.

I am looking for a reference that gives the definition of lax end and proves this equivalence. I do know of the reference

S. Bozapalides, Th\'{e}orie formelle des bicat\'{e}gories

but I can't read French and I also can't find a copy. If someone can link me to the Bozapalides reference would be great. Or even better would be if there is a reference in English. Thanks!

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I've added the ct.category-theory tag. –  Finn Lawler Jun 7 '11 at 20:39
    
I guess there's an obvious candidate for what a "lax wedge" $c\Rightarrow F$ should be. Maybe the rest is straightforward too... –  Alan Wilder Jun 8 '11 at 0:00
    
Yes as long as one sticks to strict 2-categories and strict functors, the details in proving the lax transformation identity are not too terrible using the obvious definition of lax wedge/lax end. I'll take that as evidence that obvious is right in this case. Still, a reference would be nice. –  Alan Wilder Jun 8 '11 at 1:49
    
BOZAPALIDES, S., Les fins cartésiennes, C. R. A. S. Paris 281 ( 1975) and dml.cz/bitstream/handle/10338.dmlcz/106961/… –  Buschi Sergio May 16 '12 at 18:57
    
Bozapalides 'Some remarks on lax-presheafs' projecteuclid.org/euclid.ijm/1256047482 –  Ma Ming Apr 4 at 23:06
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1 Answer

This page says that you may be able to get a copy by emailing Andrée Ehresmann.

I don't know the exact answer to your question, but if you can't find a reference then it may be worth recalling that:

  • For Cat-valued F and G, $\mathrm{Nat}(F,G) \simeq \{F,G\}$, the limit of G weighted by F,
  • ends are $\hom$-weighted limits, and
  • there are lax morphism classifiers for 2-functors, meaning that $\mathrm{Lax}(F,G) \simeq \mathrm{Nat}(QF,G)$ for another 2-functor $QF$.

So if you define the lax end $\oint_x T(x,x)$ to be the representative of $\mathrm{Lax}(\hom_K, L(1,T))$, then you get $\oint_x [F x, G x] \simeq \mathrm{Lax}(\hom_K, [F-, G-])$, which is not quite what you want, but it's close.

Hope that helps.

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Thanks, Finn. I'm still holding out hope for a reference in English, but all of the above is helpful. –  Alan Wilder Jun 6 '11 at 22:55
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