# Semistable Elliptic Curves and irreducible Galois representations

I am interested in the set of number fields $K$ having the property that for \emph{any semistable} elliptic curve $E$ defined over $K$, there exists a constant $c(E,K)>0$ such that $$p>c(E,K)\Longrightarrow \rho_{E,p}:\mathrm{Gal}(\overline{K}/K)\longrightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(E[p])\textrm{ is irreducible}.$$ Since such a constant $c(E,K)$ exists if and only if $\mathrm{End}_K(E)=\mathbf{Z}$, an equivalent formulation of the above property is~: for any elliptic curve $E/K$, we have $$\mathrm{End}_K(E)\not=\mathbf{Z}\Longrightarrow E\textrm{ has bad reduction at a finite place of }K.$$ There are lots of examples of such number fields (e.g. number fields which do not contain the Hilbert class field of some imaginary quadratic field), but I wonder whether there exists a nice characterization of the whole set.