This question is related to (but different from) that of Darsh Ranjan.

Is there a characterization of the functions $f:\mathbb R^n\rightarrow\mathbb R_{\ge0}$ whose Radon transform $\hat f(\omega,t)$ is log-concave in $t$ for every $\omega\in S^{n-1}$ ? Recall that
$$\hat f(\omega,t)=\int_{\omega\cdot x=t}f(x)d\mathcal L_{n-1}(x),$$
with $\mathcal L_{n-1}$ the $(n-1)$-dimensional Lebesgue measure. Recall also that $g\ge0$ is *log-concave* if $\log g$ is concave. It is OK for me if one assumes that $f$ is integrable with compact support.

The motivation comes from a paper in collaboration with Th. Gallay, to appear in CPAM. With each $N\times N$ complex matrix $A$, we associate a *numerical measure*, which is a probability supported by the *numerical range* $W(A)\subset\mathbb C$. It is absolutey continuous with piecewise smooth density $f_A$. This density has the Radon-log-concavity property mentioned above. When $A$ is normal, $f_A$ is itself log-concave, thanks to the Prékopa-Leindler theorem. But this is no longer true for a non-normal matrix. If $N=2$, this fails already.