The Lie algebra $so_5$ has 10 elements and its root structure is given by the Dynkin diagram B2. I have been having trouble creating an explicit $5 \times 5$ complex matrix representation of its 10 elements from its Cartan matrix. I would greatly appreciate help with this.

closed as no longer relevant by S. Carnahan♦ Jan 31 '11 at 3:19
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While I'm not sure this question is appropriate for this site, here goes. First, you need a maximal torus. Inside SO(5) we have SO(4) and then SO(2) x SO(2). Write your antisymmetric matrices as $$\begin{matrix} aJ & C & v \end{matrix} $$ $$\begin{matrix} C^T & bJ & w \end{matrix} $$ $$\begin{matrix} v^T & w^T & 0 \end{matrix} $$ where $J = \left( {0\atop 1}{1\atop 0} \right) $, $C$ is square, and $v$ and $w$ are columns. Then the $a$ and $b$ parts are the torus, the $v$ gets you the $\pm x_1$ weights, the $w$ gets you the $\pm x_2$, and the $C$ gets you the $\pm x_1\pm x_2$. Taking $x_1$ and $x_2  x_1$ as simple roots, the $e_{x_1}$ is $$ 0 0 0 0 1 $$ $$ 0 0 0 0 i $$ $$ 0 0 0 0 0 $$ $$ 0 0 0 0 0 $$ $$ 1 i 0 0 0 $$ and the $e_{x_2x_1}$ is $$ 0 0 1 i 0 $$ $$ 0 0 i 1 0 $$ $$ 1 i 0 0 0 $$ $$ i 1 0 0 0 $$ $$ 0 0 0 0 0 $$ Sorry for the ugly matrices  I'm having trouble getting the matrix environment working here. 

