Let $K$ be a field, $X/K$ a smooth projective variety, $l\neq char(K)$ a prime number and $q\ge 0$. Then we define $\overline{X}:=X_{K_{sep}}$ and denote by $\rho_{X, l}^{(q)}$ the representation of $Gal_K$ on $H^q(\overline{X}, \mathbb{Z}_l)$.

Note that if $X$ is an abelian variety, then $\rho_{X, l}^{(1)}$ is just the representation of $Gal_K$ on the dual of the Tate module $T_l X$ (and $\rho_{X, l}^{(q)}$ is the representation of $Gal_K$ on $\bigwedge^q T_l(X)^\vee$).

Now assume that $S$ is a noetherian integral scheme with function field $K$.

**Question 1:** Is it true that there is a non-empty open subscheme $U\subset S$ such that $\rho_{X, l}^{(q)}$ factors through $\pi_1(U[1/l])$ for every prime number $l\neq char(K)$?

**Remark 1:** The answer is ``yes'', provided $X$ is an abelian variety.

From now on assume that $S=Spec(R)$ with a henselian discrete valuation ring $R$. Then $K$ is the quotient field of $R$. Let $k$ be the residue field of $R$ and $p$ the characteristic of $k$. ($p$ is zero or a prime number.) If $L/K$ is a finite separable extension, then we denote by $I_L\subset Gal_L$ the corresponding inertia group. Let $l\neq p$ be a prime number. Denote by $I_{L, l}$ the maximal pro-$l$ quotient of $I_L$. Then $I_{L, l}$ is procyclic and we choose a generator $g_{L, l}$ of $I_{L, l}$.
We say that a representation $\rho: Gal_K\to Aut(T)$ of $Gal_K$ on a finitely generated free $\mathbb{Z}_l$-module $T$ is *semistable over $L$*, if $\rho$ factors through $I_{L, l}$ and $(\rho(g_{L, l})-Id)^2=0$. Still $X/K$ is a smooth projective variety.

**Question 2:** Is it true that there is a finite Galois extension $L/K$ such that $\rho_{X, l}^{(q)}$ is semistable over $L$ for every prime number $l\neq p$ and every $q\ge 0$? Is it at least known to be true that there is a finite Galois extension $L/K$ such that $\rho_{X, l}^{(q)}(I_L)$ is a pro-$l$ group for every prime number $l\neq p$ and every $q\ge 0$?

**Remark 2:** Again the answer is ``yes'' in the special case where $X$ is an abelian variety. (Cf. SGA 7).

Any answer or hint on the literature would be very helpful; my own search did not yield much.