Is every field the field of fractions of an integral domain which is not itself a field?
What about the field of real numbers?
Is every field the field of fractions of an integral domain which is not itself a field? What about the field of real numbers? 


Every field $F$ of characteristic zero or of prime characteristic but not algebraic over its prime field is the field of fractions of a proper subring of $F$. But no algebraic extension of $\mathbb F_p$ is, since its only subrings are fields. If $F$ is not an algebraic extension of some $\mathbb F_p$ then $F$ contains a subring $A$ isomorphic to $\mathbb Z$ or $\mathbb F_p[X]$. Each of these rings $A$ has a nontrivial valuation $v$. The valuation $v$ can be prolonged to $F$. Its valuation ring is a proper subring of $F$ whose quotient field is $F$. 

