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Many mathematicians know that Lewis Carroll was quite a good mathematician, who wrote about logic (paradoxes) and determinants. He found an expansion formula, which bears his real name (Charles Lutwidge) Dodgson. Needless to say, L. Carroll was his pseudonym, used in literature.

Another (alive) mathematician writes under his real name and under a pseudonym (John B. Goode). (That person, by the way, is Bruno Poizat: it's no secret, even MathSciNet knows it.)

What other mathematicians (say dead ones) had a pseudonym, either within their mathematical activity, or in a parallel career ?

Of course, don't count people who changed name at some moment of their life because of marriage, persecution, conversion, and so on.


Edit. The answers and comments suggest that there are at least four categories of pseudonyms, which don't exhaust all situations.

  • Professional mathematicians, who did something outside of mathematics under a pseudonym (F. Hausdorff - Paul Mongré, E. Temple Bell - John Taine),
  • People doing mathematics under a pseudonym, and something else under their real name (Sophie Germain - M. Le Blanc, W. S. Gosset - Student)),
  • Professional mathematicians writing mathematics under both their real name and a pseudonym (B. Poizat - John B. Goode),
  • Collaborative pseudonyms (Bourbaki, Blanche Descartes)
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Does Nicolas Bourbaki qualify? –  Andrey Rekalo Nov 7 '10 at 18:00
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I think you will find some answers at mathoverflow.net/users . –  darij grinberg Nov 7 '10 at 20:46
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@darij: Indeed! I never knew Bugs Bunny had such a fondness for algebra and geometry. –  Thierry Zell Nov 8 '10 at 1:41
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Donald Knuth used the pseudonym Ursula N. Owens when submitting a paper to get more honest reviews. (As described by Wilf on page 3 of math.upenn.edu/~wilf/website/dek.pdf) –  Moshe Schwartz Nov 8 '10 at 7:56
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Meta thread: tea.mathoverflow.net/discussion/758/… –  Andrey Rekalo Nov 9 '10 at 9:56
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53 Answers

Eric Temple Bell (known for Bell numbers, series, polynomials, as well as his book Men of mathematics) wrote sci-fi novels using pseudonym John Taine.

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Some consider the book you named as a work of sci-fi as well (or at least bi-fi). –  Ryan Reich Oct 29 '11 at 23:43
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William Sealy Gosset published a result under the pseudonym Student. (Because his employer, the Guinness brewing company, did not allow their employees to publish for fear of divulging trade secrets.)

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Wow, I did not know that Student was not a last name. –  Leonid Petrov Nov 7 '10 at 18:33
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The book "The Lady Tasting Tea" by David Salsburg explains: "Gosset wanted to publish this result in an appropriate journal. The Poisson distribution (or the formula for it) had been known for over 100 years, and attempts had been made in the past to find examples of it in real life ... in his yeast cell counts, Gosset had a clear example, along with an important application of the new idea of statistical distributions." (cont'd) –  J. M. Nov 8 '10 at 0:05
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(cont'd) "However, it was against company policy to allow publications by its employees. A few years before, a master brewer from Guinness had written an article in which he revealed the secret components of one of their brewing processes. To avoid the further loss of such valuable company property, Guinness had forbidden its employees from publishing ... In 1906, Gosset convinced his employers that the new mathematical ideas were useful for a beer company and took a one-year leave of absence to study under (Karl) Pearson at the Galton Biometrical Laboratory." (cont'd) –  J. M. Nov 8 '10 at 0:07
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(cont'd) "Two years before this, when Gosset described his results dealing with yeast, Pearson was eager to print it in his journal. They decided to publish the article using a pseudonym. This first discovery of Gosset's was published by an author identified only as 'Student.'" (cont'd) –  J. M. Nov 8 '10 at 0:09
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(cont'd) "...There is an apocryphal story that the first time the Guinness family heard of this work occurred when Gosset died suddenly of a heart attack in 1937 and his mathematical friends approached the Guinness company to help pay the costs of printing his collected papers in a single volume. Whether this is true or not, it is clear from the memoirs of the American statistician Harold Hotelling ... that arrangements were made to meet him secretly, with all the aspects of a spy mystery. This suggests that the true identity of 'Student' was still a secret from the Guinness company." –  J. M. Nov 8 '10 at 0:10
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Noga Alon published half a dozen papers under the name "A. Nilli". Mathscinet links directly from this pseudonym to Noga's publications.

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I don't think Noga was very serious about keeping it a secret, since he provided the photo of his daughter Nilli for Proofs from the Book. Nilli has the distinction of writing her first paper at the age of five (theoryofcomputing.org/articles/v001a009/about.html). –  Richard Stanley Nov 8 '10 at 1:42
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Indeed, I just took a look at "A. Nilli's" first paper from 1988, and her mailing address is given as "A. Nilli c/o N. Alon, Dept. of Math, Tel Aviv University". She also thanks N. Alon in the acknowledgments for helping her to write the paper :) –  Ryan O'Donnell Nov 9 '10 at 14:25
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Monsieur Antoine Auguste Le Blanc. (Sophie Germain, 1776–1831)

Sophie Germain hid behind the male pseudonym "M. Le Blanc" to study at the École Polytechnique and to be taken seriously in mail correspondence with other mathematicians, including Lagrange and Gauss.

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Felix Hausdorff published philosophical and literary books as Paul Mongré.

Let me mention that Hausdorff committed suicide (along with his wife) in 1942, to prevent his being sent to a concentration camp. He had tried to escape to the US, but unfortunately no one would sponsor him. So he joined the ranks of mathematicians who were victims of World War II (including some Germans who died at Soviet hands, for example Gentzen).

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In a sense, Gentzen's fate was opposite to Hausdorff's, though: he was a supporter of the Nazi regime. A pity, either way. –  Greg Graviton Nov 7 '10 at 19:17
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How can you compare the hangman and his victim? You do an inversion? It is not this way it works in real life. :-( –  Patrick I-Z Dec 31 '10 at 10:45
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It might be a stretch but Ben Franklin spent time on recreational mathematics http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magic_square, http://www.amazon.com/Benjamin-Franklins-Numbers-Mathematical-Odyssey/dp/0691129568/, and called himself a number of pseudonyms (Richard Saunders, Mrs. Silence Dogood) in his other writings.

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Rainich=Rabinowitsch (of trick fame : cf. Nullstellensatz).

Here is an anecdote related by Bruce P. Palka, Editor of American Mathematical Monthly in Vol.111 (2004) of that journal (page460).

Rainich was giving a lecture in which he made use of a clever trick which he had discovered. Someone in the audience indignantly interrupted him pointing out that this was the famous Rabinowitsch trick and berating Rainich for claiming to have discovered it. Without a word Rainich turned to the blackboard, picked up the chalk, and wrote

                    RABINOWITSCH

He then put down the chalk, picked up an eraser and began erasing letters. When he was done what remained was

                   RA IN  I CH

He then went on with his lecture.

Editing I (Georges Elencwajg) am sorry to have caused some confusion yesterday: not being able to access the library , I gave a reference in the comments which was probably not the intended one! Many readers were very helpful with their comments, in particular Sándor, who took the trouble to copy the text corresponding to my reference and David Roberts who put it here in the answer and which you can read below. Thanks a lot to all.

To quote jstor.org/pss/4145123

"Lance also contributes some new information to the saga of the elusive Mr. Rabinowitsch (see the Editor's Endnotes in the May 2004 issue): Poor Rabinowitsch, whoever he may be. The correct reference is: J. L. Rabinowitsch, "Zum Hilbertschen Nullstellensatz", Math. Ann. 102 (1930), p.520. In various places his first initial is either "A" or "S." On my trip to the library, I saw that Rainich had published in the Annalen under his own name and from Ann Arbor the previous year. Why a pseudonym?" The mystery deepens a bit in a biography of Rainich, where it's mentioned that he was born Rabinowitsch. On the same theme, Herman Roelants of Leuven, Belgium, points out that a Rabinowitsch anecdote similar to the one in the May 2004 MONTHLY is found on page 959 of the MONTHLY paper "Reminiscences of an Octagenarian Mathematican" by L. J. Mordell (November, 1971). Herman goes on to say that details concerning this source, together with references to important number-theoretic work of Rabinowitsch, can be found in the text and in a footnote on page 108 of Richard A. Mollin's book Quadratics (CRC Press, 1996).”

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Dear Sandor: since this is community wiki, it might have been better to edit the answer than to leave this in comments. –  Thierry Zell Nov 7 '10 at 21:44
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Dear fherzig, thank you: I think that was the page I actually meant originally! –  Georges Elencwajg Nov 8 '10 at 21:45
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E. S. Pondiczery was a pseudonym used by R. P. Boas Jr. in the paper Power problems in abstract spaces. The name became part of the well-known Hewitt-Marczewski-Pondiczery theorem.

Another pseudonym used by Boas (and F. Smithies) was H. Pétard. I highly recommend that you take a look at the hilarious Lion Hunting and Other Mathematical Pursuits (A Collection of Mathematics, Verse, and Stories by the Late Ralph P. Boas Jr.) for more information in this regard.

Added (Nov 7/2010) In that book you can also learn about other pseudonyms (for instance, Ian Stewart's one) and the memorable feud 'twixt Bourbaki and Boas.

Added (Nov 8/2010) According to page 10 of the said book, H. Pétard was in fact a pseudonym that they made up for the use of E. S. Pondiczey. Isn't this awesome?

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Isaac Newton, in his dabblings in alchemy, called himself Jehovah Sanctus Unus. http://science.howstuffworks.com/dictionary/famous-scientists/physicists/isaac-newton3.htm

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More accurately Ieoua Sanctus Unus, which not only means God, unique and saint, but is also an anagram of Isaac Newton. –  Denis Serre Nov 7 '10 at 21:04
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@Denis: wait a second: how do you spell "Newton"? I have a couple of "u" and "s" left over... –  Thierry Zell Nov 7 '10 at 22:10
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@Thierry Zell: Isaacus Neutonus. See his entry in Vicipedia: la.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaacus_Newtonus –  Willie Wong Nov 7 '10 at 22:19
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It was hard for Newton to hide his identity - it was always easy to recognize the lion by his paw (Bernoulli and brachistochrone) :) –  Harun Šiljak Nov 11 '10 at 8:18
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Does Plato count? (No pun entirely intended.)

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I don't follow. –  Qiaochu Yuan Nov 7 '10 at 21:06
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@Michael, his real name being ...? –  David Roberts Nov 7 '10 at 23:26
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Who considers Plato a mathematician, and on what grounds? –  Gerry Myerson Nov 8 '10 at 10:58
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@Gerry: One person who considers Plato a mathematician put the assertion into the first paragraph of the Wikipedia article about him. It's in more than one place in the article and maybe more than one person put it there. You can look at the edit history, and maybe even find out the actual identities of those who did that. My uncertainty about the "grounds" you asked about was why I phrased my answer as a question. –  Michael Hardy Nov 8 '10 at 13:40
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I'm surprised that no one named Leonardo of Pisa, known as Fibonacci to us (though he didn't use this nickname, and its origin is not completely clear).

Al-Khoresmi is apparently a nickname as well (though this time used by the author), meaning his origin.

(Maybe not exactly an answer to the original question, because these are rather nicknames, not pseudonyms.)

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I think that Leonardo da Pisa is the nickname (whose meaning is clear), while Fibonacci is his family name, being the contraction of "filius bonacci"="son of Bonacci". –  Gian Maria Dall'Ara Nov 8 '10 at 16:05
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If you mean by Al-Khoresmi "Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Musa Al-Khwarizmi" then I think he does not qualify. It was customary at the time to use geographic names of family origin as family name. This means that he had the name "Al-Khwarizmi" all his life and that his father, brothers and sons (if he had any) had the same name. –  Hany Nov 8 '10 at 19:56
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Few sidenotes: 1. Bearing the name Abu Jafar implies that he most probably had a son named Jafar. 2. drawing a line between first and family name in Oriental naming schemes is quite hard - so one can consider 'al-Khwarizmi' as just a part of his family name. 3. My experience tells me that most of people with 'geographic' family names get those when they move - i.e. I believe Al-Khwarizmi is not an exception in that case - family probably got the name when they moved to the south. This is a bit off-topic, but I couldn't help it. –  Harun Šiljak Nov 8 '10 at 20:39
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A. Weil published two short papers/letters signed as X.X.X (Amer. J. Math. 79, 1957, 951-952) and R. Lipschitz (Ann. of Math. 69, 1959, 247-251) where he posed as an anonymous correspondent and the XIX century German mathematician residing in Hades respectively. Both letters are reprinted at the very end of the second volume of Weil's Collected papers.

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G. W. Peck originally was the pseudonym of Ronald Graham, Douglas West, George B. Purdy, Paul Erdős, Fan Chung, and Daniel Kleitman. Since then G. W. Peck was the author of sixteen publications, most by Kleitman alone. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G._W._Peck.

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Since some of those mentioned in other answers are among the living, let me also mention Victor Kac and his teacher Ernest Vinberg. They published a joint paper Spinors of 13-dimensional space in Advances in Mathematics 30 (1978) under the rather transparent pseudonyms V. Gatti and E. Viniberghi. As I recall, Victor said that this came about because he had applied for an exit visa from the USSR and was therefore not allowed to publish anything in the interim.

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I take it "gatti" is the Italian word for "cats"? –  Daniel McLaury Jan 3 '13 at 4:31
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I'm not sure whether to count as pseudonyms the altered names that people took (often to avoid antisemitic prejudice) as replacements for their real names. For example, Alfred Tarski's last name was originally Tajtelbaum, and Edward Marczewski's last name was originally Szpilrajn. There must be lots of other examples of this sort.

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Imre Lakatos, who wasn't strictly speaking a mathematician, but not very far, was born Avrum Lipsitz. He changed definitely his name for a clear reason. I count him as a mathematician since his thesis "Proofs and Refutations" had a big influence on me, to help me understand the process of doing mathematics. –  Patrick I-Z Dec 31 '10 at 10:56
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O. P. Lossers has published since 1965, mostly problem solutions in various journals. He has Erdös number 2.

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I dunno about this one. There are many problem solvers out there that submit stuff pseudonymously. For instance, several years ago, it was commonplace to see the pen name ALFRED E. NEUMAN in the problem department of the Pi Mu Epsilon Journal. –  J. H. S. Nov 8 '10 at 1:06
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Some more information on O.P.Lossers (apparantly, he was even asked to referee!) can be found on Wim Nuij's website (win.tue.nl/~wsinwaan) His name just spells "solvers" in Dutch btw. –  Jan Jitse Venselaar Mar 31 '11 at 13:38
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The history of John Rainwater can be read at the following link: http://at.yorku.ca/t/o/p/d/47.htm He has 10 published articles and several unpublished ones, by varying authors from the University of Washington. The same page also mentions in passing three other mathematical pseudonyms: P. Orno, M. G. Stanley, and H. C. Enoses.

John Rainwater came into existence at the University of Washington in 1952 when Nick Massey, a mathematics graduate student in Prof. Maynard Arsove's beginning real variables class, erroneously received a blank registration card. (In those years, each student filled out a card for every class, which first circulated among various tabulating clerks in the registrar's office before being sent to the professor.) He and a fellow graduate student, Sam Saunders, decided to use the card to enroll a fictional student, and since it was raining at the time, decided to call him "John Rainwater". They handed in John Rainwater's homework regularly, so it wasn't until after the first midterm exam that Prof. Arsove became aware of the deception. He took it well, even when he later opened an "exploding" fountain pen with John Rainwater's name engraved on it which had been left on the classroom table.

[...]

The first of John Rainwater's ten published research papers were written in 1958 and 1959 by John Isbell, a young Assistant Professor. Isbell's response to queries concerning his motivation for using J.R. as a pseudonym has been simply to quote Friedrich Schiller "Der Mensch ist nur da ganz Mensch, wo er spielt."
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I was trying to remember the name of this example and couldn't; thanks! –  Qiaochu Yuan Nov 7 '10 at 22:09
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At the University of Washington, we've just donated the Collected Works of John Rainwater to the Mathematics Department Research Library, nicely leather bound. The pdf file will be publicly available soon, including Bob Phelp's four page description of Rainwater's life and work, part of which is excerpted above. –  Douglas Lind Nov 26 '13 at 4:03
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Siegel published The integer solutions of the equation $y^2=ax^n+bx^{n-1}+\cdots+k$, J London Math Soc 1 (1926) 66-68, under the pseudonym, X.

Anecdotal evidence of a non-pseudonym: Once when Littlewood attended an international conference in France, a French mathematician greeted him: “So there really is a Littlewood, and it is not just a pseudonym which G.H. Hardy uses to publish his poorer papers!”

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I have read the exact same anecdote where it was Landau who thus greeted Littlewood. –  Georges Elencwajg Nov 8 '10 at 22:14
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Krantz, Mathematical Apocrypha, p. 45: It is said that Landau thought that "Littlewood" was a pseudonym for Hardy (so that it would not seem that Hardy was writing all the papers). Landau visited Cambridge, never saw Littlewood, and returned to Gottingen convinced that his theory was correct. No citation given. See also my next comment. –  Gerry Myerson Nov 9 '10 at 3:29
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Krantz, p. 44: It is said that when Wiener first met Littlewood he exclaimed, "Oh, so you really exist. I thought that 'Littlewood' was a name that Hardy put on his weaker papers." It should be noted that there are many variations of this story, some involving Landau instead of Wiener. [Krantz then gives the version quoted in my previous comment] –  Gerry Myerson Nov 9 '10 at 3:32
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"... Curiously enough, Littlewood was the more self-effacing of the two. Later on, when he visited Edmund Landau at Göttingen, that irrepresible spoiled child of mathematics said to him, «So you do exist! I thought you were merely a name used by Hardy for those papers which he didn't think were quite good enough to publish under his own name.»" -- Norbert Wiener in I am a Mathematician (page 24 of the copy I own). –  J. H. S. Feb 18 '12 at 22:58
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In a similar vein, there is a joke: Why did Bourbaki stop writing textbooks? Because they discovered that Serge Lang is one person. –  Robert Kucharczyk Mar 10 '12 at 13:17
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When it became dangerous for Jacques Feldbau to publish under this own (Jewish) name, he briefly wrote under the name Jacques Laboureur before being captured by the Nazis. See Weil's Souvenir d'apprentissage or the commetaries in his Collected papers. See also Une histoire de Jacques Feldbau by Michèle Audin, her article in the Images des Mathématiques and Jean Cerf's article in the Gazette.

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Heisuke Hironaka published a result on complex analysis in one variable (see Remmert's "Classical topics in complex function theory", chapter 5) in 1965 under the name Iss'sa. Apparently the name is a reference to a Japanese poet.

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From "The Mathematical Work of Heisuke Hironaka" kurims.kyoto-u.ac.jp/~prims/pdf/44-2/44-2-8.pdf : Under the pseudonym of Hej Iss’sa (Kobayashi Issa is a famous Japanese poet) Hironaka settled in 1966 (see H. Iss’sa, On the meromorphic function field of a Stein variety, Ann. of Math. (2) 83 (1966), 34–46) a long standing problem in the theory of Riemann surfaces. The story that I heard (which might be very garbled) is that Hironaka sent this in under a pseudonym, and the editor then picked Hironaka as a referee! –  Victor Miller Nov 17 '10 at 16:45
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Steve Shatz told me that HH told him that the material of the Iss'sa paper was not consistent with the unity and thrust of his other work. –  Lubin Mar 30 '11 at 20:22
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Niccolò Fontana best known as Tartaglia.

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Tartaglia is more a (pejorative) nickname than a pseudonym I think. If I were him, I wouldn't like people on the street calling out "Hey, there's Niccolo the Stammerer!" –  J. M. Nov 8 '10 at 11:34
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Is it worse than the French translation "Hé, voilà Henri Lebesgue" ? –  Georges Elencwajg Nov 8 '10 at 21:54
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T. G. L. Zetters, has proven in 1979 that either player can draw in the 8-in-a-row game. This is a variant of the well known 5-in-a-row where players take turn placing their mark to a square on an infinite square grid, and a player wins if they have a consecutive sequence of 8 or more of his own marks in a row, column, or diagonal. According to the book Csákány Béla, Diszkrét Matematikai Játékok (Polygon, Szeged, 1998), this is a pseudonim of a group of Dutch mathematicians. According to the manuscript András Csernenszky, The Chooser-Picker 7-in-a-row-game (submitted in 2010, arXiv:1004.2460v1), it is a pseudonym for A. Brouwer.

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A. Brouwer actually lists this article as one of his on his webpage (win.tue.nl/~aeb/publications.html). If you speak out the name, it just says "tilers" in Dutch. –  Jan Jitse Venselaar Mar 31 '11 at 13:32
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D. H. J. Polymath is a pseudonym for a collective of mathematicians (some of them may be not professional mathematicians).

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Maurizio Boyarski = Bernard Dwork. Even mathscinet knows about that. Does anyone know why Dwork published under a pseudonym?

Dwork, Bernard: On the Boyarsky principle. Amer. J. Math. 105 (1983)

Boyarsky, Maurizio: p-adic gamma functions and Dwork cohomology. Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 257 (1980)

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Could be to be able to refer to his work by name without appearing too immodest? –  José Figueroa-O'Farrill Nov 8 '10 at 19:12
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Apparently Dwork wrote a not very flattering review of the paper (by Morita?) which introduced p-adic gamma functions. He later realized that these functions were important and relevant to his work and somehow was embarrassed to publish his results under his own name. –  Felipe Voloch Nov 8 '10 at 19:16
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@Felipe: I see; thanks for explaining! –  fherzig Nov 9 '10 at 0:12
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Cynthia Dwork told me that Boyarsky was her grandmother's (Bernard Dwork's mother) maiden name. She published a joint paper with her father in cryptography where he once again used the name Maurizio Boyarsky. –  Victor Miller Nov 17 '10 at 16:43
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@Keith Conrad: This may be 2 years late, but, Bernard Dwork's middle name was Morris, which is reasonably rendered into Italian (Dwork loved Italy, and even went to live there after being retired from Princeton) as Maurizio. –  Victor Miller Sep 9 '13 at 18:09
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At the height of fascist persecution of jews, Federigo Enriques penned some of his articles as Adriano Giovannini (reputedly coined from the names of his daughter Adriana and of his son Giovanni), as a device to circulate them. I was able to trace back to that pseudonym at least two papers: "Il pensiero di Galileo Galilei" and "L'errore nelle matematiche". As I understand it, that is to be considered a pseudonym used just in publications rather than a fully new name for real life, so I deemed the answer qualifying with regard to the question requirements.

Also, not being able to comment others' answers:

  • I can add von Neumann as good example of the category depicted in Andreas' answer.

  • As an anecdotal gloss to the Germain/Le Blanc case, it seems that even a century later that would have been a wise move: apparently Renato Caccioppoli was not so confident in women's mathematical capabilities, and it is said that once he ended examining a brilliant student of him with "Signorina, nonostante lei sia una donna le devo mettere 30 e lode.", which runs like: "Miss, despite you being a woman, it seems like I will have to give you A+".

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Actually I do not have first-hand news about such belief of Caccioppoli about women, and it would sound quite a bit strange to me, given his well-known anti-conformistic and ironic character. The quoted sentence seems to me rather an ironic allusion to the common misogynist attitude of the time, meaning "despite most people think that women are not fit to maths, I do not". –  Pietro Majer Nov 19 '10 at 19:38
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Following your remark, I soft-documented a bit about Caccioppoli, and now I embrace your interpretation of his (alleged) statement :) –  Marco Caminati Mar 26 '11 at 10:36
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In addition to being the "G" of G. W. Peck (as pointed out by Richard Stanley earlier), Ron Graham also published "On properties of a well-known graph or What is your Ramsey number?" as Tom Odda, a member of the Department of Mathematics from Xanadu University.

Apparently the name was chosen because if said quickly it sounded like the Chinese expression 他妈的 pronounced "ta ma de", a not so polite phrase in Chinese!

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There's a very strange thing about the review of that paper in Math Reviews: it refers to itself. It says, "see also MR0557896 (81d:05055)," when in fact it is MR0557896 (81d:05055). How did that happen? –  Gerry Myerson Nov 9 '10 at 3:21
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One may type "pseudonym" into an "Anywhere" box at MathSciNet and find 44 hits. Many of these are not relevant to the question at hand, but I'll post any that I find that haven't been posted here already. Here's one: Christian Tapp, Kardinalitat und Kardinale, MR 2006h:01012, the review by Volker Peckhaus says that in Chapter 5, "We learn about [Georg] Cantor's pseudonyms such as Vincent Regnas, Jorge Vincente Monteador de Montemor, and others...."

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Continuing to troll through MathSciNet, I find Yu I Krivonosov, Higher mathematics and higher authority, MR 2002k:01034, reviewed by R L Cooke (and I highly recommend the review). It seems that A I Lapin, a convicted anti-Soviet agitator, confined to an asylum in Leningrad, was allowed to publish under a pseudonym in 1952.

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Another find on MathSciNet. Dominique Descotes, Genese des corollaires 1 et 2 de la lettre à Carcavy de Blaise Pascal, MR 99g:01016, review by Craig Fraser: In December of 1658 Blaise Pascal began to publish under the pseudonym A Dettonville the mathematical work Lettres de A Dettonville.... According to C B Boyer, "the name Amos Dettonville was an anagram of Louis de Montalte, the pseudonym used [by Pascal] in the Lettres provinciales."

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Yet another find on MathSciNet. Anita Feferman, Politics, Logic, and Love, MR 93j:01010, reviewed by D J Struik. This is a biography of Jean van Heijenoort. "In 1948 he broke openly with his past in a paper of [sic] the Partisan Review, where he denied the scientific nature of Marxism. He wrote it under a pseudonym (Jean Vannier) - after all he was an alien and it was the McCarthy period."

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