# Ramanujan and algebraic number theory

One out of the almost endless supply of identities discovered by Ramanujan is the following: $$\sqrt[3]{\sqrt[3]{2}-1} = \sqrt[3]{\frac19} - \sqrt[3]{\frac29} + \sqrt[3]{\frac49},$$ which has the following interpretation in algebraic number theory: the fundamental unit $\sqrt[3]{2}-1$ of the pure cubic number field $K = {\mathbb Q}(\sqrt[3]{2})$ becomes a cube in the extension $L = K(\sqrt[3]{3})$.

Are there more examples of this kind in Ramanujan's work?

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Dear Matt: $2^{1/3} - 1$ is a fundamental unit, so probably that is what Franz meant to write. – BCnrd Oct 24 '10 at 16:53

$$(7 \sqrt[3]{20} - 19)^{1/6} = \ \sqrt[3]{\frac{5}{3}} - \sqrt[3]{\frac{2}{3}},$$ $$\left( \frac{3 + 2 \sqrt[4]{5}}{3 - 2 \sqrt[4]{5}} \right)^{1/4}= \ \ \frac{\sqrt[4]{5} + 1}{\sqrt[4]{5} - 1},$$ $$\left(\sqrt[5]{\frac{1}{5}} + \sqrt[5]{\frac{4}{5}}\right)^{1/2} = \ \ (1 + \sqrt[5]{2} + \sqrt[5]{8})^{1/5} = \ \ \sqrt[5]{\frac{16}{125}} + \sqrt[5]{\frac{8}{125}} + \sqrt[5]{\frac{2}{125}} - \sqrt[5]{\frac{1}{125}},$$ and so on. Many of these were submitted by Ramanujan as problems to the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. See the following link: http://www.math.uiuc.edu/~berndt/jims.ps for more precise references. Quote: "although Ramanujan never used the term unit, and probably did not formally know what a unit was, he evidently realized their fundamental properties. He then recognized that taking certain powers of units often led to elegant identities."
I would have gone with 'enery  en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I'm_Henery_the_Eighth,_I_Am – Will Jagy Oct 25 '10 at 1:05