Consider the generating function f(n) that produces the following values:

f(1) = 1

f(2) = 2

f(3) = 4

Obviously these values can be generated by f(n)= 2^(n-1).

These values can equally well be generated by f(n) = (n^2-n+2)/2, a second order polynomial.

Many (all?) integer series f(k), where k = 1,2,3,..K-1,K can be generated by a polynomial of order K-1.

The integer series 2^(n-1), where n = 1,2,3...K can also be generated by a polynomial of order K-1.

The following interesting thing happens.

If we describe the series 1,2,4 by f(n) = (n^2-n+2)/2 then f(4) = 7

For 1,2,4,8, f(n) = (n^3-3n^2+8n)/6 and f(5) = 15

For 1,2,4,8,16, f(n) = (n^4-6n^3+23n^2-18n) /24 and f(6)=31

For 1,2,4,8,16,32, f(n) = (n^5-10n^4+55n^3-110n^2+184n)/120 and f(7)=63

For 1,2,4,8,16,32,64, f(n) = (n^6-15n^5+115n^4-405n^3+964n^2-660n+720)/720) and f(8)=127

I have verified this till order 14.

Lets add the series "1" and "1,2" for completeness:

For 1, f(n) = 1 and f(2) =1. f(2) = 2* f(1)-1

For 1,2 f(n) = n and f(3) = 3. f(3) = 2 * f(2)-1

This suggests that f(k+1) = 2 * f(k) -1 when f(n) is the k-1 th order polynomial function that generates the values 1,2,4,...2^(k-1).

This raises the question if this is true for all integer series of this type and if so, how to prove it. I hope that I am not overlooking the obvious.

Another observation is that if you write the polynomials that describe the series 1,2,4,8... in a fractional form where all coefficients of n^k in the numerator are integers, then the denominator always seems to be

(K-1)! (1,1,2,6,24,120 etc.)

Can anybody shine some light on these observations please? Thanks a lot in advance

Bob Andriesse