One can correct the errors in a quantum channel iff the coherent information of the input state is not reduced by the channel. This is analogous to sending quantum entanglement through a channel. If the loss of coherent information by the channel is $ < \varepsilon$, can one still correct errors? Can one restore the loss of information to provide for perfect correction?

The quantum channel capacity is the asymptotic amount of quantum information that can be carried by a quantum channel. There is a formula for it: it is given by the maximization of the regularization of the coherent information, as discussed in this paper by Graeme Smith which is a recent, short survey article. No singleletter formula (the Holy Grail of information theorists) is known. If there is a density matrix on the input space of a channel for which the coherent information is positive, then there is an asymptotic sequence of quantum codes whose rate approaches this coherent information. Because coherent information is not additive, you can sometimes (although explicit examples are quite rare) improve the rate by using input states on the tensor product of $n$ copies of the channel. Unlike classical information, which can be carried by any channel whose output is not independent of the input, there are some channels (such as classical channels) which are too noisy to carry quantum information. For these, for any input density matrix, the coherent information formula is always nonpositive. As for the OP's question, as best as I can interpret it, if the channel is not too noisy to carry quantum information, then for any $\epsilon$ there are codes (with block length going to $\infty$) for which the output quantum state is within $\epsilon$ of the input quantum state, although you cannot generally ensure perfect transmission of the input quantum state. Otherwise, the channel cannot be used to establish nearpurestate entanglement between the sender and the receiver, which means that any quantum information sent through the channel will always be degraded by some fixed amount. 


The question as you have it formulated currently has "no" for an answer. If the loss of coherent information means you cannot correct the errors, then obviously the loss of coherent information means you cannot correct any errors. @unknown (yahoo) question asker, I think I follow the gist of what you are asking, however. In nonquantum coding, it is possible to generate error correcting codes that are capable of correcting $a$bit errors per $n$ bits (obviously, $a \lt n$), and of detecting $b$bit errors per $n$ bits, ($a \lt b \lt n$), while greater than $b$ erroneous bits would be a catastrophic undetectable and uncorrectable error. These errorcorrecting codes depend on sending redundant information, decreasing the information content or the information content below the maximal Shannon information density possible on that communication stream. There is no way around having to reduce information density to increase the quality of the transmission. Hamming codes allow for 1bit error correction, 2bit detection; ReedSolomon codes are used to perform error correction on audio compactdiscs. While your comment says you "meant not PERFECT error correction", your question still says "to provide for perfect error correction". Perhaps you could edit your question to provide more rigorous mathematical definitions and ask explicitly exactly what you mean. 

