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Given a triangulated category, one can look for semiorthogonal decompositions into (simpler?) triangulated subcategories.

I'd like to know if there's a way to attack the opposite problem, i.e. to classify the ways two given triangulated categories can be composed to give a big triangulated category which decomposes semiorthogonally into the given ones. Does anybody know about this?

I hope this question isn't too vague.

Thank you!

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If $T = \langle A ,B\rangle$ is a semiorthogonal decomposition and $\alpha_\ast:A \to T$, $\beta_\ast:B \to T$ are the embedding functors then one can consider the functor $\beta^\ast\circ\alpha_\ast:A \to B$ (or its right adjoint $\alpha^!\circ\beta_\ast:B \to A$). This is called the gluing functor. Morally, the ways of gluing $A$ to $B$ are classified by gluing functors --- to each functor one should be able to associate a triangulated category $T$ with a s.o.d. into $A$ and $B$ for which the gluing functor is isomorphic to the given one. Because of the well-known problems with nonfunctoriality of the cone, one cannot hope to prove this precise statement. However, if everything has a DG-enhancement, one can.

Indeed, assume that $A = Hot(R)$, $B = Hot(S)$, where $R$ and $S$ are pretriangulated DG-algebras and assume that the functor $A \to B$ is realized by a $R-S$-bimodule $M$. Then one can consider a DG-algebra of the form $$ U = \left(\begin{array}{cc} R & 0 \cr M & S \end{array}\right). $$ Then $T := Hot(U)$ should give what you want.

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Sasha, that looks great, thanks alot. Is there a reference for the details? – Hanno Becker Oct 7 '10 at 20:35
I am afraid there is no reference. This is a folklore. – Sasha Oct 8 '10 at 5:30
Still there is a key term - "recollement" – მამუკა ჯიბლაძე Nov 17 '14 at 8:05

[Lidia Angeleri Hügel, Steffen Koenig, Qunhua Liu: On the uniqueness of stratifications of derived module categories] at (and other recent work by Koenig) should be relevant: this is Jordan-Hölder for (appropriate) triangulated categories.

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This is very interesting, thank you! – Hanno Becker Oct 7 '10 at 20:34

I'm not sure but Proposition 1.16 in the paper:

by Iyama-Kato-Miyachi might be related to your question.

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Thank you, Yann! – Hanno Becker Oct 7 '10 at 20:34

There is an article by Kuznetsov and Lunts which lifts the glueing of triangulated categories to differential graded categories:

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