What can be said about the structure of maximal ideals of $R=k[\{x_i\}_{i \in I}]$, or geometric properties of $\text{Spm } k[\{x_i\}_{i \in I}]$? Here $k$ is an arbitrary field and $I$ is an *infinite* set. Kernels of evaluation homomorphisms yield an injective map

$\overline{k}^I / Aut(\overline{k}/k) \to \text{Spm } k[\{x_i\}_{i \in I}]$.

The image consists of those maximal ideals whose residue field is algebraic over $k$. If $I$ is finite, every residue field is algebraic (Noether Normalization). However, if $I$ is infinite and $|I| \geq |k|$, for example $k(t)$ is a residue field which is not algebraic. What happens if $|k| > |I|$? Is there a description in the general case?