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The Newlander-Nirenberg theorem states that an almost complex structure is integrable if and only if the Nijenhuis tensor vanishes. I heard that this statement is not true in infinite dimensions, since for example the Loop space of a Riemannian 3-manifold is counterexample. (In fact, I think NN fails for Fréchet manifolds in general(?)) So my question is:

Is the Newlander Nirenberg theorem valid for Banach- or Hilbertmanifolds? If not, is it possible to weaken the statement (or some conditions) such that it remains true for some class of infinite dimensional manifolds?

EDIT: Added the tag "open-problem", since NN for Hilbertmanifolds seems to be an open problem.

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

As far as I understand, in a paper of Petyi [On the ∂-equation in a Banach space. Bull. Soc. Math. France 128 (2000), no. 3, 391–406.] it is shown that the NN theorem does not hold for Banach manifolds in general. However, as you may know, the NN theorem has an easy proof when the almost complex structure is assumed to be real analytic. In this case, the NN theorem is an easy consequence of the Frobenius theorem, which is true for Banach manifolds (reference? Smale?). There is a paper by Daniel Beltita [] which confirms that NN is true in this real-analytic case. It would be interesting to see exactly where the NN proof breaks down for Banach manifolds, and exactly what one should assume to allow it to go through. But I am not aware of any such detailed work.

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The online Link of the paper:… In the last subsection he writes: "It is unknown if it generalizes to Hilbert manifolds". So it seems that NN for Hilbert manifolds is an open problem. – Spinorbundle Nov 9 '09 at 11:12

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