Is the (algebraic) span a finite set of vectors in a Hausdorff topological vector space over a complete field always closed?
I suspect yes, but I can't come up with a proof, and it seems like locally convex might be needed to get this.
Is the (algebraic) span a finite set of vectors in a Hausdorff topological vector space over a complete field always closed? I suspect yes, but I can't come up with a proof, and it seems like locally convex might be needed to get this. 


This holds indeed for complete fields: see Theorem 2, Section I.2.3, of Bourbaki's "Espaces Vectoriels Topologiques". Here is the argument. Let $K$ be a (not necessarily commutative) field equipped with a complete nontrivial absolute value $x\mapstox$, let $n$ be a positive integer, let $\tau$ be a Hausdorff vector space topology on $K^n$, and let $\pi$ be the product topology on $K^n$. THEOREM $\tau=\pi$. REMINDER A topological group $G$ is Hausdorff iff {1} is closed. [Proof: {1} is closed $\Rightarrow$ the diagonal of $G\times G$ is closed (because it's the inverse image of {1} under $(x,y)\mapsto xy^{1}$) $\Rightarrow$ $G$ is Hausdorff.] LEMMA The Theorem holds for $n=1$. The Lemma implies the Theorem. We argue by induction on $n$. The continuity of the identity from $K^n_\pi$ to $K^n_\tau$ (obvious notation) is clear (and doesn't use the Lemma). To prove the continuity of the identity from $K^n_\tau$ to $K^n_\pi$, it suffices to prove the continuity of an arbitrary nonzero linear form $f$ from $K^n_\tau$ to $K_\pi$. By induction hypothesis, the kernel of $f$ is closed, and the Theorem follows from the Reminder and the Lemma. Proof of the Lemma. We'll use several times the fact that $K^\times$ contains elements of arbitrary large and arbitrary small absolute value. As already observed, we have $\tau\subset\pi$. If $x$ is in $K^\times$, write $B_x$ for the open ball of radius $x$ and center 0 in $K$. Let $a$ be in $K^\times$, and let $\tau_0$ be the set of those $U$ such that $0\in U\in\tau$. It suffices to check that $B_a$ contains some $U$ in $\tau_0$. We can find a $b$ in $K^\times$ and a $V$ in $\tau_0$ such that $a$ is not in $B_bV$, and then a $c$ in $K$ with $c>1$ and a $W$ in $\tau_0$ such that $a$ is not in $B_cW$. Then $U:=c^{1}W$ does the job. 


For real/complex vector spaces, this is Theorem 1.21 in Rudin's Functional Analysis (2nd ed.). I believe the proof works for any complete field, but haven't checked in detail. 

