Recall that an index of a Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ is $\mathrm{ind}\ \mathfrak{g} := \min\limits_{\xi \in \mathfrak{g}^*} \dim \mathrm{Ann}_{\xi}$ where $\mathrm{Ann}_{\xi}=\{h\in\mathfrak{g}| \mathrm{ad}_h^*(\xi)=0\}$ is the annihilator (also known as the stabilizer) of $\xi$ with respect to the co-adjoint representation. The relevant Wikipedia article just says that if $\mathfrak{g}$ is reductive then $\mathrm{ind}\ \mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{rank}\ \mathfrak{g}$ but I would like to build some intuition for the non-reductive case, and my googling hasn't brought about any relevant references so far. In particular, I would very much like to know:

Can one say anything about the index of a

*solvable*Lie algebra?What about the index of a

*semidirect*sum (rather than the direct sum which occurs in the reductive case) $\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{h}\triangleright\mathfrak{a}$, where $\mathfrak{a}$ is abelian and $\mathfrak{h}$ is arbitrary? If something is known for semisimple $\mathfrak{h}$, that would be of interest too.

Many thanks in advance!