This is a relatively recent list of references, originally posted by Chris Hillman on sci.math. I've also attached another sci.math posting from Chris Hillman on the subject of multidimensional continued fractions. It appears that this subject would generally be classified under the topic "geometry of numbers".

A recent book not included in the below on this topic is "Multidimensional Continued Fractions" by Fritz Schweiger (2000). Doug Hensley's "Continued Fractions" (2006) also covers this topic in chapter 6.

==

From: Chris Hillman
Newsgroups: sci.math
Subject: Re: Hyperfractions ? : approximants to sqrt(-1)
Date: Thu, 14 May 1998 18:32:09 -0700

On Thu, 14 May 1998, Peter Jack wrote:

Hyperfractions ? : approximants of sqrt(-1)

I have a problem I'm working on. Maybe someone can help.

The basic idea is to find a representation of the
hypercomplex numbers in terms of a sequence of
rational numbers.

[... snip ...]

Has anyone attempted such a construction before?

I don't know about the particular construction you outline, but you are
looking for a variety of "multidimensional continued fraction algorithm"
and there is an enormous literature on such things, mostly on continued
fractions in R^n but some concentrating on various hypercomplex numbers,
so it is quite possible someone has tried the approach you outline before.

Here are a few recent references which should give some idea of the
variety of approaches recently taken to this problem:

@article{djg:fn,
author ={David J. Grabiner},
title = {Farey Nets and Multidimensional Continued Fractions},
journal = {Monatshefte fur Mathematik},
volume = 114,
year = 1992,
pages = {35--60}}

@article{n:pcfa,
author = {A. Nogueira},
title = {The Three-Dimensional Poincare Continued Fraction Algorithm},
journal = {Israel Journal of Mathematics},
volume = 90,
year = 1995,
pages = {373--401}}

@book{s:fs,
author = {Fritz Schweiger},
title = {Ergodic Theory of Fibered Systems and Metric Number Theory},
publisher = {Clarendon Press},
address = {Oxford},
year = 1995}

@article{iko:jpa,
author = {S. Ito and M. Keane and M. Ohtsuki},
title = {Almost everywhere exponential convergence of the modified Jacobi-Perron algorithm},
journal = {Ergodic Theory and Dynamical Systems},
year = 1993,
volume = 13,
pages = {319--334}}

@unpublished{l:skp,
author = {Giles Lachaud},
title = {Sails and {K}lein Polyhedra},
journal = {Contemporary Mathematics},
note = {to appear}}

@unpublished{l:kpgf,
author = {Giles Lachaud},
title = {{K}lein Polygons and Geometric Diagrams},
journal = {Contemporary Mathematics},
note = {to appear}}

@article{l:gmcf,
author = {J. C. Lagarias},
title = {Geodesic multidimensional continued fractions},
journal = {Proc. London Math. Soc.},
volume = 69,
year = 1994,
pages = {464--488}}

Hope this helps!

Chris Hillman

==

From: hillman@math.washington.edu (Christopher Hillman)
Newsgroups: sci.math
Subject: Re: Multidimensional Continued Fractions
Date: 1 Jul 1997 11:49:40 GMT
Organization: "University of Washington, Mathematics, Seattle"

noadd@nowhere.com (No Chance) writes:

A few months ago, someone posted a reply to an article about the
continued fraction expansion of pi. At the end of the article, the poster wrote
that research was being done on mulitdimensional continued fractions. I was
wondering if anyone could tell me anything about this subject and give me some
refrences.

You are probably thinking of an article I posted (I didn't save a copy).

The ordinary continued fraction algorithm provides a way to expand a real
number in a way quite different from a "decimal" expansion wrt to some base,
one which reveals some algebraic/number theoretic structure much better.
By truncating the expansion after n, n+1, n+2, ... terms we obtain a
sequence of rational approximations.

A multidimensional CFA is just some algorithm which gives a sequence of
rational approximations to a d-tuple of real numbers. The best known
such algorithm is the Jacobi-Perron algorithm.

One would naturally hope to be able to find an algorithm with a theory
which works out just as nicely as the one dimensional algorithm, and
which yields not only a definite sequence of approximations which is
in some sense optimal but which also yields an "expansion" which
reveals something about the number theoretic properties of the d-tuple,
in particular whether the various components are rationally independent.

Alas, it turns out that in higher dimensions there are MANY competing
algorithms, all equally disappointing ;) Well, if not all equally
disappointing, certainly disappointing for one reason or another.
Algorithms which are good from one standpoint are often quite bad
according to another way of thinking. Yet in one dimension there
is essentially only one algorithm which is at all reasonable, and
this one turns out to be good for many purposes.

References: two books

A. J. Brentjes, Multidimensional Continued Fraction Algorithms,
Amsterdam: Mathematisch Centrum, 1981.

Fritz Schweiger, Ergodic Theory of Fibred Systems and Metric Number Theory,
Oxford U Press, 1995.

(Has a chapter on multidimensional CFA's and many references.)

Some papers:

Giles Lachaud, Sails and Klein Polyhedra, Contemporary Mathematics, to appear.
(According to Vershik, the notion of a sail is the best to come along in this
field for years.)

David J. Grabiner, Farey Nets and Multidimensional CFA's,
Mh. Math. 114 (1992) 35-60

J. C. Lagarias, Geodesic Multdimensional Continued Fractions,
Proc. Lon. Math. Soc 69 (1994) 464-488.

A. Nogueira, The Three-Dimensional Continued Fraction Algorithm,
Is. J. Math. 90 (1995) 373-401.

Shunji Ito and Makoto Ohtsuki, Parallelogram Tilings and Jacobi-Perron Algorithm,
Tokyo J. Math. 17 (1994): 33-58.

(The reason for my interest in this is that these CFA's turn out to be relevant
for studying the combinatorial properties of certain types of tilings which
are idealized models of quasicrystals.)

This should give a quick impression of the scope of current research--- there are
ALOT of ideas out there!

Chris Hillman