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It is well-known that many great mathematicians were prodigies.

Were there any great mathematicians who started off later in life?

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closed as no longer relevant by Felipe Voloch, Bill Johnson, Henry Cohn, Andy Putman, Mark Meckes Feb 3 '12 at 0:24

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Am I the only one bothered by "well-known" and "great"? Unqualified by context, these are unreliable terms at best. –  Yemon Choi Oct 31 '09 at 21:09
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So is "prodigy." But I think the intent of the question is clear. –  Qiaochu Yuan Oct 31 '09 at 21:12
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My only response is a strong desire to go in and add <sup>[citation needed]</sup> to the first sentence. –  Theo Johnson-Freyd Apr 25 '10 at 2:23
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Is it time for this one to die? I am not sure it would survive if it was started today. –  Steven Gubkin Nov 23 '10 at 14:29

34 Answers 34

Dennis Sullivan who won the 2010 Wolf Prize comments on this in his own words in the magazine published by the New York Academy of Sciences:

http://www.nyas.org/Publications/Detail.aspx?cid=14047af0-9f26-481c-9b50-9434130c89db

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Here is what Dennis said: "I was a late bloomer academically in the sense that I didn't have any pressure to study when I was growing up. In college I got back into academics again and made a fresh start. I was able to attend Rice University in Houston, which at the time was like a scaled-down Caltech. I rediscovered my academic self there after being a quasi juvenile delinquent, running around working on hotrods!" He has some additional remarks not pasted in here. –  Joseph Malkevitch Apr 29 '10 at 23:38

In the early 90's, I had a colleague who had been a professional tennis player before going back to a PhD thesis in mathematics. I'll hide his name since he is now in the middle of his career.

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I don't know if Jean van Heijenoort counts as great, but his life story is amazing.

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In my opinion the right answer is why are you asking that question? (no need to answer to this one in public by the way, but i do think that great insight can come from it)

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