This question is motivated by Scott Aaronson's comment about his bet: "If P≠NP has indeed been proved, my life will change so dramatically that having to pay $200,000 will be the least of it."

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PRIMES in Pwas released, at a conference speaking about his RH calculations, tangentially saying that it was aresultthat we did not expect, which was either a misspeak or a misthought, as everyone trusted it was true, and just getting around assuming GRH and exploiting the known analytic number theory to the maximal impact was the main trick in AKS. Techniques are more likely to have wide or dramatic "effects" that specific results. Grothendieck was annoyed that Deligne used a "trick" rather than build more theory – Junkie Aug 11 '10 at 6:43