(I started working on this problem after trying to get any "interesting" pattern out of the number that Gowers randomly wrote while answering:What is realistic mathematics?.)

The number was 123871205412470874297947938271423698765734564756028492656.

Take any number, for instance:

123871205412470874297947938271423698765734564756028492656

3484756955 (in the preceding number there are three 0's, four 1's,..., and finally five 9's)

0001231111 (in the preceding number there are no 0's, no 1's,..., and finally one 9)

3511000000

6201010000

.... clearly the list won't end as there will always be some no 0's or 1's or 2's, etc.

A variant of this sequence is discussed here(Conway's look-and-say sequence).

This a fairly simple obsevation, so is there a literature about such sequences from which I can learn more?

extremelywell thought out, and contain significant mathematical content and motivation. – Cam McLeman Aug 8 '10 at 14:49