I have always been surprised by the fact that the quotient of two independent Gaussian random variables is a Cauchy Random variable - as this is often the case, coincidence in mathematics are not accidental: is there any deep explanations behind this connection between the Gaussian and the Cauchy distribution ?

**other examples:**

- if a $2$-dimensional Brownian motion $(X_t, Y_t)$ is started at $(0,1)$ and stopped the first time $T$ that it hits the real axis, then $X_T$ is also distributed as a Cauchy distribution.
- the Cauchy distribution also shows up when studying how a complex brownian motion winds around the origin.