Let $E$ be a Banach space and $f:E\to E$ be a continuous map. By $f^n$ we denote the $n$-th iterate of $f$, i.e. $f^n:=\underbrace{f\circ f\circ\cdots \circ f}_{\text{n times}}$. Let $x_0$ denote a fixed point of $f^n$.

1) Is it true that the question as to when $x_0$ is a fixed point of $f$ has been resolved in the case of $E$ being reflexive? (I would be also thankful for some reference.)

2) What are considered to be the main obstacles in the case of $E$ being not reflexive when dealing with the above question (besides the obvious)? (As far as I understand, the problem is still open for general Banach spaces. Again, I would be thankful for a reference.)

A side remark: I realize that my questions may appear a bit too general. I am also aware of the fact that the field (fixed-point theory in banach spaces) is overflowed with publications of questionable value/quality/contribution like no other, which makes things even harder particularly for someone who is coming from a different field (e.g. number theory). Thus MO seems to be the only reasonable place to get a clear and compact answer from someone who has the overlook over the field.

Thanks!