The Hopf fibration is a famous map S^{3} > S^{2} with fiber S^{1}, which is the generator in pi_3(S^{2}). We can model this map in terms simplicial sets by taking the singular simplicial sets of these spaces and the induced map of simplcial sets. But this model is HUGE and isn't really useful for doing calculations. Does anyone know a nice small model for this map in terms of simplicial sets? Something suitable for computations? This map is also the attaching map used to build CP^{2} out of S^{2}, so I would equivalently be interested in a small combinatorial model for CP^{2}.

There is a paper [MathSciNet] of Madahar and Arkaria called A minimal triangulation of the Hopf map and its application. They find a triangulation from a 12vertex 3sphere to a 4vertex 2sphere. The minimality is in Section 6.a. I hope this is useful. Now, this gives the map the structure of a map of simplicial complexes. Choose an ordering of the vertices such that the map in the paper respects the order. This then gives you a model of the map on finite simplicial sets. 


Here is one thing to try. Start with the smallest simplicial model for S^{1} (the 1simplex modulo its boundary). Take the free group in each degree (but force the basepoint to be the identity). The resulting simplicial group FS^{1} is a model for ΩS^{2}; furthermore, being a simplicial group, it's a Kan complex. Thus, we know there must be some map f: S^{2}>FS^{1} which represents the generator of π_{2}ΩS^{2}; the group of FS^{1} in degree 2 is not too big, so it should not be hard to write this down explicitly (I haven't tried, though.) Of course, you really want a map S^{3}>X, where X models the 2sphere. Since FS^{1} is a simplicial group, let X=BF^{1}, it's classifying space. X is a model for the 2sphere, and I expect that if you examine it closely, you will see the "suspension" of f corresponds to some explicit 3simplex in X, which is your model. I'm not sure this counts as a "combinatorial model", of course. (I have a vague memory that Dan Kan did something like this in one of his papers in the 50s. Is that right?) 


There is a small simplicial set description of the Hopf map in Clemens Berger's thesis, Exemple 1.19, pp. 4547. 


Here's a different answer. The Hopf fibration S^{3} > S^{2} is a principal U(1)bundle, which means it is the pullback of the universal U(1)bundle along a map S^{2}>BU(1). There is a simplicial model E>B of the universal fibration over BU(1) which is a Kan fibration: since BU(1) is K(Z,2), you can take B to be a simplicial abelian group associated to the chain complex C concentrated in degree 2, and E is the simplicial abelian group associated to an acyclic complex A which has a surjective map to C. Now pull back along S^{2}>B and get a bundle Y>S^{2}, and there you are. The simplicial set Y will be a model for S^{3}. 


You ought to be able to trivialize the bundle over each hemisphere and loop at the transition function on the equatorial S^1 (which is presumably the identity map S^1 \to S^1 acting as rotations on the fiber). Using this, it shouldn't be hard to write down an explicit geometric simplicial approximation to the Hopf map. Alternatively, you could model S^1 as a simplicial group (the free abelian group on a 1simplex and its degeneracies) and get a simplicial principal bundle on S^2 (which you should be able to model with one 0simplex, one 1simplex (the equator), and two 2simplices) from this transition function. 

