We know that a countably additive translation invariant measure with $\mu([0,1]) = 1$ cannot be defined on the power set of $\mathbb R$. This is because $[0,1]$ can be partitioned into countably many congruent sets, with the help of the axiom of choice.

But I was wondering whether a *finitely additive* measure with these properties would be possible? I know it wouldn't be possible for dimension $n>2$ because of the Banach-Tarski paradox, but I am curious about $n=1$. If such a measure can be constructed on $\mathcal P(\mathbb R)$, would that be unique?