Hello!

I'm in search of some (possibly statistical) measure for matrices. I want to classify a square matrix as having the largest numbers running along the main diagonal or along the anitdiagonal. It isn't necessarily on the diagonals, the numbers can be some rows to the left or right, so a simple trace wouldn't work. I want to incorporate the entire matrix in the calculation.

To see how I came to this problem: the matrix A is a transition matrix, for example in a Markov process (I have a CS background). The probability of going from state i to state j is given by $A_{i,j}$. Each row sums up to 1. The states are ordered though, and I would like to know if a certain matrix makes small or no jumps (largest probabilities along main diagonal) or if huge jumps are present (largest probabilities along antidiagonal).

I don't think this problem is very hard, but I'm at loss for the terminology. Thanks!