I am looking for a more elementary proof of the following result:

Theorem (Hungerford, 1968): Let $R$ be a principal ideal ring. Then $R \cong \prod_{i=1}^n R_i$, where each $R_i$ is a homomorphic image of a principal ideal *domain* (PID).

Hungerford's article is available free online at:

http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.pjm/1102986148

What do I mean by "more elementary"? Hungerford uses the Cohen structure theory of complete local rings, which I would like to avoid (because I have notes on commutative algebra which do not discuss such things).

Note that Hungerford's theorem is a refinement of a previous result of Zariski and Samuel, which asserts that a principal ideal ring is isomorphic to a finite direct product of rings, each of which is either a PID or a "special principal ideal ring", i.e., a local Artinian principal ideal ring. The proof of this result uses primary decomposition, which is acceptable to me (in fact I put a section on primary decomposition into my notes for exactly this application).

Given the theorem of Zariski-Samuel, Hungerford's result is plainly equivalent to the fact that every Artinian local principal ideal ring is the quotient of a PID. Now doesn't that sound like you should be able to prove it without invoking the structure theory of complete local rings?