Let $X$ be a topological space. If $F(X)$ is $T_0$ then I think $F(X)$ is isomorphic (as topological groups) to $F(Y)$, where $Y$ is the Tychonofficiation (see below) of $X$. So it is enough to study topological free groups on a Tychonoff space.

### Explanation:

First let me remind myself about some notation. *Completely regular* means that any point can be separated from a closed set not containing it by a continuous real-valued function. *Tychonoff* then means completely regular and $T_2$(=Hausdorff). Any topological group is completely regular; and for topological groups $T_0$ is equivalent to $T_2$.

Suppose $X$ is an arbitrary topological space, and let $Y$ be its "Tychonoffication" (!). That is, set theoretically $Y$ is the quotient of $X$ by the equivalence relation $x\sim x'$ if and only $f(x)=f(x')$ for all continuous $f:X\to\mathbb{R}$; each such $f$ descends to $Y$ and we give $Y$ the weak topology induced by all these real-valued maps. This makes $Y$ into a Tychonoff space which I think satisfies the following universal property: any continuous map from $X$ to a Tychonoff space factors uniquely through $Y$. Also, the natural map $X\to Y$ induces an isomorphism $C(Y)\stackrel{\cong}{\to} C(X)$, where $C(-)$ denotes the ring of real-valued continuous functions.

Assuming $F(X)$ is $T_0$, then the natural map $F(X)\to F(Y)$ seems to be an isomorphism of topological groups. It is enough to construct an inverse. Since $F(X)$ is $T_0$, it is even $T_2$, and therefore it is Tychonoff. So the natural map $X\to F(X)$ factors through $Y$ and induces $F(Y)\to F(X)$, which surely does the trick?

### What about that $T_0$ assumption?

Lots of people are only interested in Hausdorff topological groups, so it seems reasonable to only study spaces $X$ for which $F(X)$ is $T_0$ (hence $T_2$). Otherwise you could replace $Y$ by the "complete-regularization" of $X$ (i.e. $X$ equipped with the weak topology induced by $C(X)$) and repeat the argument, but it doesn't work so nicely.

### Edit:

While I was typing my answer, you asked about this Tychonoffication business!