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The question is strongly focused on computations concerning modular forms and Hecke algebras. It is already in the title, but I will repeat it, adding a few details.

Let $S_k$ be the complex vector space of classical, holomorphic cusp forms of weight $k$ and level one, and let $\mathbf{T}_k^0$ be the subring of the endomorphisms ring of $S_k$ generated, over $\mathbf{Z}$, by all the Hecke operators $T_\ell$. It is well known that $\mathbf{T}_k^0$ is finite free as $\mathbf{Z}$-module, and that $\mathbf{T}_k^0\otimes\mathbf{Q}$ is isomorphic to a product of finitely many number fields $K_i$. This is to say that $\mathbf{T}_k^0$ is isomorphic to a finite index subring of the product of the rings of integers $\mathcal{O}_i$'s of the $K_i$'s. Let this index be $d_k$.

I would like to know if there are examples of weights $k$ so that $d_k$ is divisible by a prime $p$ with $p\geq k-1$ (which is to say, the perhaps more familiar, $k\leq p+1$).

While performing computations with SAGE, I was not able to find any example of a pair $(p,k)$, with $k\leq p+1$, and $p<1600$, so that $p$ divides $d_k$.


[The motivation for asking this question is the study of $\overline{\mathbf{F}}_p$-valued points of the spectrum of $\mathbf{T}_k^0$,

that parametrize certain two-dimensional mod $p$ representations of $G_\mathbf{Q}$. One reason for which the cardinality of $\mathbf{Spec}(\mathbf{T}_k^0)(\overline{\mathbf{F}}_p)$ might turned out to be strictly smaller than $\mathbf{Spec}(\mathbf{T}_k^0)(\mathbf{C})$ is that $p$ divide the index $d_k$, in the notation above.]

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By the way, if you edit your post any more times, it is going to automatically become community wiki (it is an annoying "feature" of the software). –  Harry Gindi Apr 14 '10 at 15:08
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