# Counting knots with fixed number of crossings

How to obtain an upperbound for knots up to k crossings? I think I've found something which involves the genus but I'm not sure.

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Paolo- This is a really vague and unhelpful question. The reader is left completely unclear on what you are looking for. Are you looking for references? For theoretical upper bounds? For actual data? You'll get much better answers if you're more specific. – Ben Webster Mar 29 '10 at 18:19
I mean theoretical upper bounds depending on the number of crossing – Paolo Aceto Mar 29 '10 at 21:01

There are some known exponential bounds on the number. For example, if kn is the number of prime knots with n crossings, then Welsh proved in "On the number of knots and links" (MR1218230) that

2.68 ≤ lim inf (kn)1/n ≤ lim sup (kn)1/n ≤ 13.5.

The upper bound holds if you replace kn by the much larger number ln of prime n-crossing links.

Sundberg and Thistlethwaite ("The rate of growth of the number of prime alternating links and tangles," MR1609591) also found asymptotic bounds on the number an of prime alternating n-crossing links: lim (an)1/n exists and is equal to (101+√21001)/40.

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Dowker codes can be used to get an (over)estimate for the number of knots with $k$ crossings. Hoste has written a few, extremely clear, papers on using Dowker codes for enumeration of knot tables. I don't see how genus could be used - crossing number is an invariant defined in terms of diagrams while genus is much more topological... Very curious!

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The over-estimate is way too large! Once you get beyond 17 crossings the probability that the code will not be planar is way too large. – Scott Carter Mar 29 '10 at 22:47
@Scott - I did say it was an (over)estimate. :) My bound is of the order $n^n$ while the reality of the situation is more like an exponential (which I wasn't aware of). I've voted up Steven's answer. Hmmm. I will point out that my answer is elementary... – Sam Nead Mar 30 '10 at 1:18