## The question.

Let $(X, J)$ be a complex manifold and $u$ a holomorphic vector field, i.e. $L_uJ = 0$. The holomorphicity of $u$ implies that the Lie derivative $L_u$ on forms preserves the (p,q) decomposition and also that it commutes with $\bar{\partial}$. From this it follows that $u$ acts infinitesimally on the Dolbeault cohomology groups $H^{p,q}(X)$ of $X$. My question is, does anyone know of an example in which this action is non-trivial?

## Some context.

To give some context, first note that the analgous action for de Rham cohomology is always trivial: If $M$ is any smooth manifold and $v$ any vector field, then the formula $L_v = d \circ i_v + i_v \circ d$ shows that the infinitesimal action of $v$ on de Rham cohmology is trivial. (This is an instance of the more general fact that homotopic maps induce the same homomorphisms on singular cohomology. The field $v$ generates diffeomorphisms which are by construction isotopic to the identity map.)

Returning to Dolbeault cohomology, suppose we know that each Dolbeault class is represented by a $d$-closed form. (For example, this is true if $X$ is a compact Kähler manifold, by Hodge theory.) Then the action is necessarily trivial. The proof is as follows. Let $\alpha$ be a $\bar{\partial}$-closed (p,q)-form which is also $d$-closed. Then we know that $L_u \alpha = d(i_u \alpha)$ is also of type (p,q). So, $$ L_u\alpha = \bar{\partial}\left((i_u\alpha)^{p, q-1}\right) + \partial\left((i_u \alpha)^{p-1, q}\right) $$ and the other contributions $\bar{\partial}((i_u\alpha)^{p-1,q}$) and $\partial((i_u\alpha)^{p,q-1})$ vanish. Now the fact that $\bar\partial((i_u\alpha)^{p-1,q}) = 0$ and our hypothesis imply that there is a (p-1, q-1)-form $\beta$ such that $$ (i_u\alpha)^{p-1,q}+ \bar\partial \beta $$ is closed. Hence $$ \partial \left((i_u\alpha)^{p-1,q}\right) = \bar\partial \partial \beta $$ and so $$ L_u\alpha = \bar \partial \left( (i_u \alpha)^{p,q-1} + \partial \beta\right) $$ which proves the action of $u$ on $H^{p,q}(X)$ is trivial.