I was asked the following question by a colleague and was embarrassed not to know the answer.

Let $f(x), g(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ with no root in common. Let $I = (f(x),g(x))\cap \mathbb{Z}$, that is, the elements of $\mathbb{Z}$ which are linear combinations of $f(x), g(x)$ with coefficients in $\mathbb{Z}[x]$. Then $I$ is clearly an ideal in $\mathbb{Z}$. Let $D>0$ be a generator of this ideal. The question is: what is $D$?

Now, we do have the standard resultant $R$ of $f,g$, which under our hypotheses, is a non-zero integer. We know that $R \in I$ and it's not hard to show that a prime divides $R$ if and only if it divides $D$. I thought $R = \pm D$ but examples show that this is not the case.