Every group acts on itself by conjugation $h \mapsto g h g^{-1}$. Respectively considering functions on a group we obtain a linear representation.

**Question 1:** what is known about this representation ? Its decomposition to irreducibles ? Its relations to specific group theoretic properties (e.g. number of invariants = number of conj. classes) ?

The question seems to be natural, so one may hope for some "nice answers". On the other hand, it might seem that everything should be known, however quoting a recent paper:

Surprisingly, almost nothing is known about the multiplicities of other irreducible modules in adjoint representation.

**Question 2:** Is there some "nice/any" description for specific groups like S_n, A_n, GL(n,F_q), UT(n,F_q) ... ?

The question makes sense for Hopf algebras, as well, so

**Question 3:** what is known about Hopf algebras ? Especially Drinfeld doubles of finite groups ? It might be the question is more simple (i.e. "nice" answer may exist) for these Hopf algebras (and more generally for those which correspond to "modular categories"), since a kind of "self-duality" ... (cannot be more precise ).

**What is known:** there are several papers which are concentrated around the so-called
**Roth's conjecture**/question (disproved in general). Every irrep of G/Z(g) can be found in adjoint representation.

See the paper quoted above and references therein: Conjugacy action, induced representations and the Steinberg square for simple groups of Lie type , G. Heide, J. Saxl, P. Tiep, A. Zalesski:

Let G be a finite simple group of Lie type. We prove that every irreducible representation of G is a constituent of πG, unless G=PSUn(q) and n is coprime to 2(q+1), where precisely one irreducible representation fails.

Let me quote another paper: Lie theory of finite simple groups and the Roth property J. Peña, S. Majid, K. Rietsch where similar question treated with the framework of non-commutative geometry.

**Informal remarks/thoughts/motivations:**

1) It is clear that every conjugacy class in G gives rise to certain subrepresentation in adjoint representation.

2) One can check for S_n, where we have bijection between irreps between conjugacy classes and irreps, that irrep corresponding to given class can be found inside the adjoint subrepresentation mentioned in (1).

3) How far 1,2 are incidental ? Are there other examples ? Can this be related with the orbit method (for finite groups) - since the adjoint orbits are "infinitesimal conjugacy classes", and in some specific cases adjoint orbits = coadjoint orbits (semisimple Lie algebras). So we need certain non-degenerate "Killing form", is it similar to non-degenerate pairing for "modular categories" ? to "Killing form" in Majid's paper cited above ?

4) If we restrict to subrepresentation on a conjugacy class of element "x", then normalizer of "x" acts on this representation. It seems such data - conjugacy class and irrep of normalizer appears in the classification of irreps of Drinfeld double of a finite group - is it incidental ? Or may be Drinfeld double also acts here ?