# What can we say about a semigroup that's acted on by an ideal of polynomials?

This got no response on MSE, so posting here.

Let $S = \{ (a,b) \in \Bbb{Z}^2 : \gcd(a,b) \neq 1 \} \cup (1,1)$. Then $S$ forms a semigroup. The operation being componentwise multiplication.

Let $R = \Bbb{Z}[x_1,\dots, x_4]$. Consider the set of all pairs of polynomials $p, q \in R$ such that $S$ is closed under $(a,b), (c,d) \mapsto (p(a,b,c,d), q(a,b,c,d))$ and such that $\gcd(a,b)\cdot\gcd(c,d)$ divides both $p(a,b,c,d), q(a,b,c,d)$.

Then that set of polynomials is $I \times I$ where $I$ is the ideal $x_1x_3 R + x_1x_4R + x_2x_3 R + x_2x_4R$.

If this is true, what can we say about $S$?

This might be interesting to someone studying Beal's conjecture which talks about triples, instead of pairs, of non-coprime integers.

$S$ seems to be the union of all ideals $p(\Bbb{Z}, \Bbb{Z})$ where $p$ is prime, (together with $(1,1)$).

Proof. $p(\Bbb{Z}, \Bbb{Z}) \subset S$ clearly, and conversely if $\gcd(a,b) \neq 1$, then there is a prime $p$ dividing $(a,b)$.

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What does "$S$ is closed under..." mean? – Boris Novikov Oct 25 '13 at 7:59
the map $(a,b),(c,d) \mapsto (p(a,b,c,d), q(a,b,c,d))$ maps $S \times S$ into $S$. – Enjoys Math Oct 25 '13 at 17:17
What do you want to know about $S$, except that it is a subsemigroup in $\mathbb{Z}^2?$ – Boris Novikov Oct 25 '13 at 18:08
Nothing except that there exists an ideal $I\times I$ of polynomial operators that it's closed under. – Enjoys Math Oct 25 '13 at 18:50
@BorisNovikov See edits to my post. – Enjoys Math Oct 26 '13 at 1:25