Paul Melvin gave a talk at Knots in Washington last year in which he asked whether the connected sum of an odd twist-spin of a classical knot and a standard cross-cap embedding of ${\mathbb R}P^2$ is a standard cross-cap. I believe this question to be a standard one, and I have two questions about it.

First, I think that Paul stated that if the result is knotted, then there is a non-standard ${\mathbb C}P^2$. Please may I have an outline of the argument that gives the construction of the non-standard ${\mathbb C}P^2?$

Second, for aesthetic reasons, I imagine that there is a difference in using a cross-cap with normal Euler class $2$ and using one with normal Euler class $-2$. Won't the construction give a $\pm {\mathbb C}P^2$ (or better ${\mathbb C}P^2$ or $\overline{{\mathbb C}P}^2$) depending on the normal Euler class of the cross-cap?

Any other folk-lore would be appreciated.